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Civics Lessons for the US Naturalization Test > American Goverment > Flashcards

Flashcards in American Goverment Deck (57)
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1

What is the supreme law of the land?

the Constitution

2

What does the Constitution do?

* sets up the government
* defines the government
* protects the basic rights of Americans

3

The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

We the People

4

What is an amendment?

a change (to the Constitution)
an addition (to the Constitution)

5

What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

the Bill of Rights

6

What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?

* speech
* religion
* assembly
* press
* petition the goverment

7

How many amendments does the Constitution have?

27

8

What did the Declaration of Independence do?

* announced our independence (from GB)
* declared our independence (from GB)
* said that the United States is free (from GB)

9

What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

* life
* liberty
* pursuit of happiness

10

What is freedom of religion?

You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

11

What is the economic system in the United States?

* capitalist economy
* market economy

12

What is the "rule of law"?

* everyone must follow the law
* leaders must obey the law
* government must obey the law
* no one is above the law

13

Name one branch or part of the government.

* Congress
* legislative
* President
* executive
* the courts
* judicial

14

What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

* checks and balances
* separation of powers

15

What is in charge of the executive branch of the government?

the President

16

Who makes federal laws?

* Congress
* Senate and House (of Representatives)
* (US or national) legislature

17

What are two parts of the US Congress?

the Senate and the House

18

How many US Senators are there?

100
California Senators (2017):
Kamala Harris and Dianne Feinstein

19

We elect a US Senator for how many years?

6

20

Who is one of your state's US Senators now?

Kamala Harris and Dianne Feinstein
(California Senators 2017)

21

The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

435
based on 10 year census

22

We elect a US Representative for how many years?

2

23

Name your US Representative

Barbara Lee
(California's 13th Congressional District 2017)

24

Who does a US Senator represent?

all the people of the state

25

Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

* (because of) the state's population

26

We elect a President for how many years?

4

27

In what month do we vote for President?

November

28

What is the name of the President of the United States now?

Donald Trump

29

What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

Mike Pence

30

If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

the Vice President