American West c1835 - c1895 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in American West c1835 - c1895 Deck (66)
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1

1885

All Plains Indians are resettled on to reservations .
Northern herd of Buffalo is completely destroyed.

2

California Gold rush

1849

3

C1834

Permanent Indian Frontier set up.

4

Medicine Lodge Creek.
Abilene becomes first cow town.
'The Beef Bonanza'.

1867

5

Fort Laramie Treaty(1).
Indian Appropriations Act.

1851

6

1864

Sand Creek Massacre.

7

Cattle Ranching begins on the Plains which led to the open range.

1870

8

Homestead Act.
Little Crow's War.
Pacific Railway Act passed and work begins on the transcontinental railway.

1862

9

1848

Gold discovered in California.

10

All Plains Indians are resettled on to reservations .
Northern herd of Buffalo is completely destroyed.

1885

11

1874

Barbed wire begins to be mass-produced.
Wind-powered water pump introduced.
Custer leads expedition to the Black Hills ignoring the Treaty of Fort Laramie.

12

Serve winter leads to smaller ranches with barbed wire and wind pumps that eventually leads to the end of the cowboy era.

1886

13

1869

Transcontinental railroad completed despite opposition from some Americans.

14

Permanent Indian Frontier set up.

C1834

15

The Great Sioux War begins between the US Army and the Sioux Indians.
Battle of the Little Big Horn.

1876

16

1893

Oklahoma Land Rush.

17

Group of US Army soldiers wiped out in Fetterman's Trap by Plains Indians.
Goodnight and Loving reach Fort Summer with 1,700 cattle.

1866

18

1859

Gold mines opened in Colorado and Nevada.

19

Battle of Wounded knee.
US Government closes Frontier in which Plains Indians had lost their land.

1890

20

1892

Johnson county war.

21

1843

First settlers arrive in Oregon encouraged by government legislation.

22

First homesteaders move to the Plains.

1850s

23

1881

Sitting Bull and followers surrender to the American Government.
OK Corral.

24

Oregon trail opens.

1836

25

End of the American Civil War.
Slavery abolished in the US.

1865

26

1866-68

Red Cloud's War on the US Government in their attempt to build fort in Montana.

27

Start of the American Civil War between North and South America.

1861

28

Donner party head west but meet with disaster and death.
Mormons travel to the Great Salt Lake haven been driven out of Nauvoo.

1846

29

1858-9

Gold discovered in the Pikes Peak region of the Rocky mountains.

30

1868

'The Winter Campaign'
Fort Laramie Treaty (2)