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Flashcards in Anaphylaxis Deck (14):
1

What are the etiologies anaphylaxis?

- Drugs
- Latex
- Stinging Insects
- Foods
- Exercise
- Idiopathic

2

How many deaths are reported each year due to stinging insects?

40

3

Of the 40 deaths reported each year what percentage are adults?

3%

4

What is associated with the rapid infusion of Vancomycin?

Red Man Syndrome

5

What is the Adult dose of Epinephrine?

0.3-0.5 ml/mcg 1:1000

6

What is the Pediatriac dose of Epinephrine?

0.15 ml/mcg 1:1000

7

How often is Epi repeated if needed?

every 3-5 minutes

8

What is the only contraindication to giving Epi?

there are no contraindications

9

What is defined as the triggered appearance of one or more associated systemic signs and symptoms that are usually responsive to epinephrine?

Anaphylaxis

10

How are anaphylaxis and anaphylactoid reactions differentiated?

- Anaphylaxis - is IgE mediated
- Anaphylactiod - anything other than IgE mediated

11

what are the subset of antigen that bind to circulating IgE antibodies and cause and allergic reaction?

Allergens

12

What is the disorder characterized by and overabundance of mast cells that carries an increased risk of anaphylaxis?

Mastocytosis

13

What are common signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis

- Nasal Sneezing
- Congestion
- Edema
- Hoarness
- Loss of Consciousness
- Hives
- Disorientation
- Hypotension
- Weak and Rapid Pulse
- Constriction of the Airway

14

What is the drug of choice for treating anaphylaxis

Injectable Epinephrine