Anatomical Roots Assignment 3 Flashcards Preview

Veterinary Terminology > Anatomical Roots Assignment 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomical Roots Assignment 3 Deck (85):
1

ADEN/O-

gland

adenoid (resembling a gland)

2

ARTERI/O-

artery

Arteriovenous (pertaining to both artery and vein)

3

ARTHR/O-

joint

arthrosclerosis (stiffening or hardening of the joints)

4

BLEPHAR/O-

eyelid

blepharism (spasm of the eyelid; continuous blinking)

5

BRONCH/O-

windpipe, throat

bronchostaxis (bleeding from the bronchial wall)

6

CARDI/O-

heart

cardiovalvular (pertaining to the valves of the heart)

7

CEPHAL/O-

head

cephalogyric (pertaining to turning motions of the head)

8

CEREBR/O-

brain

cerebration (functional activity of the brain)

9

CHIR/O-

hand

chiropractic (disease treatment by vertebral manipulation)

10

CHOL/O-

bile

cholemesis (vomiting of bile)

11

CHONDR/O-

cartilage

chondromalacia (abnormal softening of cartilage)

12

COL/O-

lower intestines

colitis (inflammation of the colon)

13

COLP/O-

vagina

colporrhexia (laceration of the vagina)

14

COR/O-

pupil of eye

corotomy (incision of the pupil)

15

CORTIC/O-

cortex

corticotropic (having a stimulating effect on the adrenal cortex)

16

COST/O-

rib

costalgia (pain in the ribs)

17

CYST/O-

bladder, cyst

cystitis (inflammation of the urinary bladder)

18

CYT/O-

cell

Cytoglycopenia (deficient glucose content of the body or blood cells)

19

DACRY/O-

tears

dacryagogic (inducing a flow of tears)

20

DENT/I-

tooth

dentibuccal (pertaining to the cheek and teeth)

21

DERMAT/O-

skin

dermabrasion (planing of the skin done by chemical means)

22

DEXTR/O-

right side

dextroversion (movement, especially eye movement, to the tight)

23

ENCEPHAL/O-

brain

encephelomyelopathy (disease involving the brain and spinal cord)

24

ENTER/O-

intestine

entermegaly(enlargement of the intestines)

25

FIBR/O-

fibrous

fibrochondritis (inflammation of fibrocartilage)

26

GASTR/O-

stomach

gastrodynia (pain in the stomach)

27

GLOSS/O-

tongue

glossopharyngeal (pertaining to the tongue and pharynx)

28

GYNEC/O-

woman

gynecomastia (exaggerated growth of the male mammary glands)

29

HEM/A-

blood

hematemesis (the vomiting of blood)

30

HEM/O-

blood

hemorrhage (the escape of blood from a ruptured vessel)

31

HEPAT/O-

liver

hepatosplenitis (inflammation of the liver and spleen)

32

HIST/O-

tissue

histopathology (study of diseased tissue)

33

HYDR/O-

water

hydrotherapy (the external use of water to treat disease on injury)

34

HYSTER/O-

uterus, womb

hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus)

35

ILI/O-

flank, upper hipbone

iliolumbar (pertaining to the iliac and lumber regions)

36

IRID/O-

iris of the eye

iridodilator (agent that dilates the pupil of the eye)

37

LABI/O-

lip

labioplasty (plastic repair of the lip)

38

LAPAR/O-

flank, abdominal wall

laparorrhaphy (suture of the abdominal wall)

39

LARYIN/O-

windpipe, larynx

laryngoxosis (dryness of the larynx)

40

LIP/O-

fat

lipophilia (affinity for fat)

41

MAST/O-

breast

mastatrophy (atrophy of the mammary gland)

42

METR/O-

uterus

metritis (inflammation of the uterus)

43

MUSCUL/O-

muscle

musculocutaneous (pertaining to muscle and skin)

44

MYEL/O-

marrow, spinal cord

myelatelia (imperfect development of the spinal cord)

45

MY/O-

muscle

myocele (hernia of muscle through the sheath)

46

NEPHR/O-

kidney

nephrolith (a stone in a kidney)

47

NEUR/O-

nerve

neurogenic (forming nervous tissue or stimulating nervous energy)

48

ODONT/O-

tooth

odontopathy (any disease of the teeth)

49

OPHTHALM/O-

eye

ophalmoneuritis (inflammation of the optic nerve)

50

OPT/O-

eye

optokinetic (pertaining to the movement of the eyes)

51

ORCHID/O-

testes

orchidic (pertaining to a testis)

52

OSS/I-

bone

ossific (forming or becoming bone)

53

OSTE/O-

bone

osteoclastoma (a giant cell tumor of bone)

54

OT/O-

ear

otopolypus (a polyp in the ear)

55

OV/I-

egg

ovary (a female reproductive organ that produces eggs)

56

PHARYNG/O-

pharynx

pharyngostomy (creation of am artificial opening into the pharynx)

57

PHLEB/O-

vein

phleborrhexis (rupture of a vein)

58

PLEUR/O-

rib, side of body

pleuroclysis (injection of fluids into pleural cavity)

59

PNEUM/O-

lung, air

pneumonosis (any lung disease)

60

POD/O-

foot

pododermatitis (inflammation of the skin of the foot)

61

POLI/O-

gray matter

poliodystrophy (atrophy of the cerebral gray matter)

62

PROCT/O-

anus, rectum

proctospasm (spasm of the rectum)

63

PSYCH/O-

mind

psychotropic (capable of modifying mental activity)

64

PULM/O-

lung

pulmoaortic (pertaining to the lungs and aorta)

65

PYEL/O-

pelvis

pyeloplasty (plastic repair of the renal pelvis)

66

REN/I-

kidney

renal (pertaining to the kidney)

67

SACR/O-

sacrum

sacrad (toward the sacrum)

68

SANGUI-

blood

sanguifacient (forming blood)

69

SARC/O-

flesh

sarcosis (abnormal increase of flesh)

70

SER-O

serum, blood

seroprognosis (prognosis of disease based on serum reaction)

71

SIAL/O-

salivary glands

sialadentitis (inflammation of a salivary gland)

72

SOMAT/O-

body

somatometry (measurement of the dimensions of the entire body)

73

SPONDYL/O-

vertebra

spondyloarthropathy (disease of the joints of the spine)

74

STOMAT/O-

mouth

stomatitis (inflammation of the mucosa of the mouth)

75

THORAC/O-

chest

thoracotomy (incision of the chest wall)

76

THROMB/O-

blood clot, coagulation

thrombectomy (surgical removal of a clot from a blood vessel)

77

TRACHE/O-

windpipe, tachea

tracheotome (am instrument for incising the trachea)

78

TRICH/O-

hair

trichoclasia (brittleness of the hair)

79

URETHR/O-

urethra

urethrostenosis (constriction of the urethra)

80

URIN/O-

urine

urinoma (a cyst containing urine)

81

UR/O-

urine

urogenous (producing urine)

82

UTER/O-

womb, uterus

uterotonic (increasing the tone of the uterine muscle)

83

VAS/O-

vessel

vasodilator (causing dilation of blood vessels)

84

VEN/O-

vein

venosity (excess of venous blood in a part)

85

VENTR/O-

abdomen

ventrose (having a belly-like expansion)