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Flashcards in Anatomical Terms Deck (58):
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3 major planes

Midsagittal
Transverse
Coronal

1

Divides the body into left and right

Midsagittal or sagittal

2

Divides into superior and inferior

Transverse

3

Horizontal plane

Transverse plane

4

Divides into ant and post

Coronal plane

5

Frontal plane

Coronal plane

6

Reference points: BODY
Sagittal:
Transverse:
Coronal:

Umbilical region
Umbilical region
Ears: ant to tragus

7

Head or skull reference points: Sagittal
Cranium:
Nose:

sagittal suture
Nasal suture

8

Head or skull reference points: transverse

Boundary bet nasal region and maxilla

9

Head or skull reference points: coronal
Ears:
Skull:

Ant to tragus
Coronal suture

10

2 body cavities:

Dorsal cavity
Ventral cavity

11

Dorsal cavity is divided into

Cranial
Spinal

12

Structure that separates cranial and spinal cavity

Foramen magnum

13

Ventral cavity is divided into

Thoracic
Abdominipelvic

14

Structure that separates thoracic and abdominopelvic cavity

Diaphragm

15

2 subdivisions of abdominopelvic cavity

Abdominal cavity
Pelvic cavity

16

Not enclosed by bones

Abdominal cavity

17

Cavity or divisions in the head and neck region

Cranial cavity
C1-C7

18

Body being divided into

Planes

19

Towards the head

Superior
Cranial
cephalic

20

Away from the head
Tail bone- coccyx

Inferior
Caudal

21

Belly

Ventral

22

Back

Dorsal

23

Towards the median

Medial

24

Membrane lining the cavity walls

Parietal

25

Ex of parietal

Periosteum

26

Cpventral body cavity that houses a grp of internal organs

Visceral

27

Ex of visceral

Meninges: dura mater

28

At the body surface

Superficial

29

Closer to pt of attachment

Proximal

30

Farther to pt of attachment

Distal

31

Points of attachment of the limbs

Shoulder joint
Pelvic

32

Head

Cephaloc
Cranial
Cerebral

33

Forehead

Frontal

34

Back or base of skull

Occipital

35

Cheek

Buccal
Zygoma

36

Chin

Mental
Mandibular

37

Eye

Orbital

38

Neck

Cervical

39

Mouth

Oral

40

Back of neck

Nape

41

2 major approaches

Systemic
Regional anatomy

42

Common functions among organs
Identify func and structures that particularly perform common function

Systemic

43

Approach: specific part of the body

Regional anatomy

44

Approaches in examining internal structures

Surface anatomy
Anatomical imaging

45

External features such as bony projections

Surface anatomy

46

Involves using xrays, mri ultrasound

Anatomical imaging

47

Examines shape and markings on the surface of the body

Surface anatomy

48

Impt of surface anatomy

- Help diagnose medical conditons and treat patients
- essential in locating and identifying anatomic structures

49

4 techniques insurface anatomy

Visual inspection
Palpation
Percussion
Auscultation

50

Directly observe the structure and markings of surface featured

Visual inspection

51

Feeling with firm pressure or perceiving by the sense of touch

Palpation

52

Precisely locate and identify anatomic features under the skin

Palpation

53

Tap sharply on specific body sites to detect resonating vibrations

Percussion

54

Listen to sounds omitted from organs

Auscultation

55

Muscles attach to superior nuchal

Trapezius
Sternocleidomastoid

56

Relatively small area
Large number of impt struc are compressed

Head and neck region

57

Protective structures/nerve structures

Brain
Sense organs
Cranial nerves
Branches of cervical plexus