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1st year Medicine > Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (44):
1

Trapezius

Elevates shoulders, rotates scapula to raise arm
Accessory nerve

2

Levator scapula

Elevates scapula
Dorsal scapular nerve

3

Rhomboid major and minor

Retracts and elevates scapula
Dorsal scapular nerve

4

Pectoralis minor

Pulls tip of shoulder down
Pectoral nerve

5

Pectoralis major

Adducts and medially rotates arm
Pectoral nerve

6

Serratus anterior

Protraction of scapula, holds down and allows to move forward in punching motion
Long thoracic nerve

7

Latissimus dorsi

Adduction, climbing motion
Thoracodorsal nerve

8

Deltoid

Abduction
Axillary nerve

9

Subscapularis

Rotator cuff
Internal rotation
Subscapular nerve

10

Supraspinatus

Rotator cuff
Initial abduction, external rotation
Suprascapular nerve

11

Infraspinatus

Rotator cuff
Medial, lateral, external rotation
Suprascapular nerve

12

Teres minor

Rotator cuff
Initial abduction, external rotation
Axillary nerve

13

Teres major

Internal rotation
Subscapular nerve

14

Triceps

Long head proximal insertion to bottom of glenoid fossa, short heads to humerus
Distal insertion to olecranon process of ulnar
Extension of forearm
Radial nerve

15

Biceps

Long head proximal insertion to top of glenoid fossa, short head to coracoid process
Distal insertion to radial tuberosity on radius
Flexion of arm and forearm, supination of forearm
Musculocutaneous nerve

16

Brachialis

Deep to biceps
Flexion of forearm
Musculocutaneous nerve

17

Supinator

Lateral, by elbow to radius
Supination
Radial nerve

18

Pronator teres

Medial, by elbow to radius (crossing over to lateral)
Pronation
Median nerve

19

Pronator quadratus

At wrist, radius to ulna
Pronation
Median nerve

20

Psoas major

Longer at back
Flexor of hip
Femoral nerve

21

Iliacus

Wider at back
Flexor of hip
Femoral nerve

22

Rectus femoris

One of Quadriceps
Flexor of hip
Femoral nerve

23

Sartorius

Across, making femoral canal
Flexor of hip
Femoral nerve

24

Gluteus maximus

Extensor of hip
Inferior gluteal nerve

25

Hamstrings

Biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus
Extensors of hip
Sciatic nerve

26

Gluteus medius

Abductor/medial rotator of hip
Superior gluteal nerve

27

Gluteus minimus

Abductor/medial rotator of hip
Superior gluteal nerve

28

Tensor fascia lata

Abductor/medial rotator of hip
Superior gluteal nerve

29

Pectineus

Adductor of hip
Obturator nerve
1st adductor

30

Adductor longus

Adductor of hip
Obturator nerve
3rd (alphabetical)

31

Adductor brevis

Adductor of hip
Obturator nerve
2nd ( 1st alphabetical)

32

Adductor magnus

Adductor of hip
Obturator nerve
4th (alphabetical)

33

Piriformis

Deep to gluteus maximus and medius, below gluteus minimus
Lateral rotator
Superior gluteal nerve

34

Obturator internus

Covers obturator foramen and travels through lesser sciatic foramen
Lateral rotator

35

Quadratus femoris

Bottom of lateral rotators
Lateral rotator

36

Obturator externus

Lateral rotator
Obturator nerve

37

Quadriceps

Rectus femoris
Vastus lateralis
Vastus intermedius
Vastus medialis
Femoral nerve

38

Popliteus

Across back of knee
Acts to unlock the knee by laterally rotating femur on the tibia

39

Anterior compartment of leg

Tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus, peroneus tertius
Dorsiflexion (and inversion with posterior compartment)
Deep peroneal nerve

40

Lateral compartment of leg

Peroneus brevis and longus
Eversion
Superficial peroneal nerve

41

Posterior compartment of leg

Gastrocnemius superficial inferior, across knee joint
Soleus throughout, deep to gastrocnemius, superficial to flexors below, forms achilles tendon to calcaneus
Flexor digitorum longus (DICK)
Tibialis posterior (TOM)
Flexor hallucis longus (HARRY)
Plantarflexion (inversion if with anterior compartment)
Tibial nerve

42

Transverse arch maintained by

Long and short plantar ligaments, spring ligament

43

Lateral arch maintained by

Short plantar ligament

44

Medial arch maintained by

Spring ligament