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Endocrinology-First Aid 2017 > Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (35):
1

What are the layers of the adrenal gland?

Zona glomerulosa, zona fasciculata, and zone reticularis

2

What is the inner layer of the adrenal gland called

Medulla

3

What cells are located within the medulla?

Chromaffin cells

4

Catecholamines are produced in what layer of the adrenal gland?

Medulla

5

What hormone are chromaffin cells in the medulla responsive to?

ACh

6

Epinephrine and Norepinephrine are produced by what cells within the adrenal medulla?

Chromaffin cells

7

What layer of the adrenal gland produces androgens?

Zona reticularis

8

What hormones regulate the zona reticularis?

ACTH and CRH

9

What hormones are produced in the zona reticularis

DHEA

10

ACTH and CRH act on the zona reticularis and cause production of what type of hormones?

Androgens (DHEA)

11

What layer of the adrenal gland produces glucocorticoids?

Zona fasciculata

12

What hormones regulate the zona fasciculata

ACTH and CRH

13

What hormone is produced in the zona fasciculata?

Cortisol

14

ACTH and CRH acts on the zona fasciculata and cause production of what type of hormones?

Glucocorticoids (cortisol)

15

What layer of the adrenal gland produces mineralocorticoids?

Zona glomerulosa

16

What hormones are produced in the zona glomerulosa?

Aldosterone

17

What hormone regulates the zona glomerulosa?

Angiotensin II

18

Angiotensin II acts on the zona glomerulosa and produces what type of hormones?

Mineralocorticoids (aldosterone)

19

What embryological tissue is the posterior pituitary gland derived from?

Neuroectoderm

20

What hormones are released from the neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary)?

Oxytocin and Vasopressin (AD)

21

Where is the location of the synthesis of oxytocin and ADH?

Both in hypothalamus within:
Oxytocin - paraventricular nucleus
ADH - supraoptic nucleus

22

How do oxytocin and ADH get from hypothalamus to posterior pituitary gland?

Transported via neurophysins

23

What hormones are secreted from the anterior pituitary gland (adenohypophysis)?

FLAT PiG: FSH, LH, ACTH, TSH and Prolactin, GH

24

Which anterior pituitary hormones are basophils?

FSH, LH, ACTH, TSH

25

Which anterior pituitary hormones are acidophils?

Prolactin, GH

26

Where is melanotropin (MS) secreted from?

Intermediate lobe of the pituitary

27

What tissue is the anterior pituitary derived from?

Oral ectoderm (Rathke pouch)

28

From what precursor are ACTH and MSH derived from

Proopiomelanocortin (POMC)

29

What type of cells are found in islets of Langerhans?

alpha, beta, and delta cells

30

What islet cells secrete insulin?

Beta cells

31

What islet cells secreted somatostatin?

Delta cells

32

What islet cells secrete glucagon

Alpha cells

33

What area of islet are beta cells located?

Centrally

34

What area of islet are alpha cells located?

Peripherally

35

What area of islet are delta cells located?

Interspersed