Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (35):
What are the layers of the adrenal gland?
Zona glomerulosa, zona fasciculata, and zone reticularis
What is the inner layer of the adrenal gland called
What cells are located within the medulla?
Catecholamines are produced in what layer of the adrenal gland?
What hormone are chromaffin cells in the medulla responsive to?
Epinephrine and Norepinephrine are produced by what cells within the adrenal medulla?
What layer of the adrenal gland produces androgens?
What hormones regulate the zona reticularis?
ACTH and CRH
What hormones are produced in the zona reticularis
ACTH and CRH act on the zona reticularis and cause production of what type of hormones?
What layer of the adrenal gland produces glucocorticoids?
What hormones regulate the zona fasciculata
ACTH and CRH
What hormone is produced in the zona fasciculata?
ACTH and CRH acts on the zona fasciculata and cause production of what type of hormones?
What layer of the adrenal gland produces mineralocorticoids?
What hormones are produced in the zona glomerulosa?
What hormone regulates the zona glomerulosa?
Angiotensin II acts on the zona glomerulosa and produces what type of hormones?
What embryological tissue is the posterior pituitary gland derived from?
What hormones are released from the neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary)?
Oxytocin and Vasopressin (AD)
Where is the location of the synthesis of oxytocin and ADH?
Both in hypothalamus within:
Oxytocin - paraventricular nucleus
ADH - supraoptic nucleus
How do oxytocin and ADH get from hypothalamus to posterior pituitary gland?
Transported via neurophysins
What hormones are secreted from the anterior pituitary gland (adenohypophysis)?
FLAT PiG: FSH, LH, ACTH, TSH and Prolactin, GH
Which anterior pituitary hormones are basophils?
FSH, LH, ACTH, TSH
Which anterior pituitary hormones are acidophils?
Where is melanotropin (MS) secreted from?
Intermediate lobe of the pituitary
What tissue is the anterior pituitary derived from?
Oral ectoderm (Rathke pouch)
From what precursor are ACTH and MSH derived from
What type of cells are found in islets of Langerhans?
alpha, beta, and delta cells
What islet cells secrete insulin?
What islet cells secreted somatostatin?
What islet cells secrete glucagon
What area of islet are beta cells located?
What area of islet are alpha cells located?