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Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (137)
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1

Right Atrium (6)

Coronary sinus, SA, AV, SVC, IVC, tricuspid

2

How many pulmonary arteries & veins?

2, 4

3

Where are mechanoreceptors? What do they sense?

aortic arch & carotid a., BP via stretch

4

Chemoreceptors are located where and what do they sense?

sense low PO2, aorta and carotid

5

Blood Volume and pressure is regulated by what 3 systems?

heart baroreceptors, ADH release (slow response), rening angiotensin-aldosterone system

6

Layers of Skin

Dermis, basement membrane, epidermis

7

What is in the dermis (3)

blood vessels, hair shaft, sebaceous glands

8

What makes up the epidermis (kertinocytes)?

stratum basali (stem cells), stratum spinosum (desmosomes), stratum cornium

9

Type 1 Collagen comes from (3) and becomes (5)?

Firbroblasts, Reticular cells, Smooth muscle
Connective Tissue, Collagen, Fibrocartilage, Bone (osteoblasts), Dentin (odontoblasts)

10

Type 2 Collagen comes from (2) and becomes?

Chrondocytes, retinal cells
Hyaline & Elastic cartilage, vitreous body of the eye

11

Type 3 Collagen comes from (4) and becomes (4)?

Fibroblasts, Reticular cells, Smooth muscles, endothelium
Loose Connective Tissue, Reticular fibers, papillary dermis, blood vessels

12

Type 4 Collagen come from (2) and becomes (1)?

Epi & Endothelium
Basement membrane

13

What 3 permanent tissues can only undergo hypertrophy and not hyperplasia?

Cardiac myocytes, skeletal muscle, nerves

14

Which ones are reversible - metaplasia, dysplasia, neoplasia

Metaplasia & dysplasia

15

What do C-cells produce?

calcitonin

16

What are the infrahyoid muscles in order? (4)

Thyrohyoid, omohyoid, sternohyoid, sternothyroid

17

Diaphragm openings for IVC, Esophagus and Aorta (I ate 10 eggs at 12)

T8, T10, T12

18

Layers of epidermis (Cows like green skin beans)

Stratum corneum, lucidum, granulosum, spinosum and basale

19

What skin layer is only on the palms & soles

lucidum

20

epidermis from what embryology?

epidermis

21

dermis from what embryology?

mesoderm

22

layers of the dermis

papillary, reticular, hypodermis

23

Retroperitoneal organs (8)?

Ascending colon, descending colon, adrenals, kidneys, aorta, pancreas, IVC, duodenum

24

The left coronary artery gives rise to 3 branches (the left is MAC)

muscular, anterior interventicular a. , circumflex

25

Contents of the cubital fossa from medial to lateral (NATN)

Nerve (median), Artery (brachial), Tendon (biceps), Nerve (radial)

26

Content of the greater sciatic foramen:

superior gluteal n. & a, nerve to obturator, gemellus (inf & sup), quadratus femoris, inferior gluteal n., pudendal n. posterior femoral cutaneous n. sciatic n.

27

Contents of the lesser sciatic foramen (P IaNo)

Pudendal n. Internal pudendal a., nerve to obturator internus

28

Contents of the femoral triangle (lateral to medial) NAVeL

Femoral n, a, v, lymph

29

Carpal bones from proximal radial to distal ulnar - Scared lovers tri positions they can't handle

Scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, pisiform
Trapezium “for the thumb”, trapezoid, capitate, hamate

30

nodes for RA, OA and where?

RA - Haygarths at MCP
OA - Heberden's at DIP
BOTH - Bouchard PIP