Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (137)
Right Atrium (6)
Coronary sinus, SA, AV, SVC, IVC, tricuspid
How many pulmonary arteries & veins?
Where are mechanoreceptors? What do they sense?
aortic arch & carotid a., BP via stretch
Chemoreceptors are located where and what do they sense?
sense low PO2, aorta and carotid
Blood Volume and pressure is regulated by what 3 systems?
heart baroreceptors, ADH release (slow response), rening angiotensin-aldosterone system
Layers of Skin
Dermis, basement membrane, epidermis
What is in the dermis (3)
blood vessels, hair shaft, sebaceous glands
What makes up the epidermis (kertinocytes)?
stratum basali (stem cells), stratum spinosum (desmosomes), stratum cornium
Type 1 Collagen comes from (3) and becomes (5)?
Firbroblasts, Reticular cells, Smooth muscle
Connective Tissue, Collagen, Fibrocartilage, Bone (osteoblasts), Dentin (odontoblasts)
Type 2 Collagen comes from (2) and becomes?
Chrondocytes, retinal cells
Hyaline & Elastic cartilage, vitreous body of the eye
Type 3 Collagen comes from (4) and becomes (4)?
Fibroblasts, Reticular cells, Smooth muscles, endothelium
Loose Connective Tissue, Reticular fibers, papillary dermis, blood vessels
Type 4 Collagen come from (2) and becomes (1)?
Epi & Endothelium
What 3 permanent tissues can only undergo hypertrophy and not hyperplasia?
Cardiac myocytes, skeletal muscle, nerves
Which ones are reversible - metaplasia, dysplasia, neoplasia
Metaplasia & dysplasia
What do C-cells produce?
What are the infrahyoid muscles in order? (4)
Thyrohyoid, omohyoid, sternohyoid, sternothyroid
Diaphragm openings for IVC, Esophagus and Aorta (I ate 10 eggs at 12)
T8, T10, T12
Layers of epidermis (Cows like green skin beans)
Stratum corneum, lucidum, granulosum, spinosum and basale
What skin layer is only on the palms & soles
epidermis from what embryology?
dermis from what embryology?
layers of the dermis
papillary, reticular, hypodermis
Retroperitoneal organs (8)?
Ascending colon, descending colon, adrenals, kidneys, aorta, pancreas, IVC, duodenum
The left coronary artery gives rise to 3 branches (the left is MAC)
muscular, anterior interventicular a. , circumflex
Contents of the cubital fossa from medial to lateral (NATN)
Nerve (median), Artery (brachial), Tendon (biceps), Nerve (radial)
Content of the greater sciatic foramen:
superior gluteal n. & a, nerve to obturator, gemellus (inf & sup), quadratus femoris, inferior gluteal n., pudendal n. posterior femoral cutaneous n. sciatic n.
Contents of the lesser sciatic foramen (P IaNo)
Pudendal n. Internal pudendal a., nerve to obturator internus
Contents of the femoral triangle (lateral to medial) NAVeL
Femoral n, a, v, lymph
Carpal bones from proximal radial to distal ulnar - Scared lovers tri positions they can't handle
Scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, pisiform
Trapezium “for the thumb”, trapezoid, capitate, hamate