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1

Normal anatomical position of the body.

Body erect, head directed anteriorly and forearm on sides supinated.

2

Fundamental type of skeletal system.

Connective tissues

3

Classification of clavicle as to location.

Appendicular

4

Which of the bones is classified as short bone?
A. First metatarsal
B. Calcaneus
C. Middle phalanx
D. Distal phalanx

B. Calcaneus

💡phalanges are considered long bones

5

End of bone, composed mostly of spongy bone.

Epiphysis

6

Covers the surface of the epiphyses that function to decrease friction at joint surfaces.

Articular cartilage

💡made up of HYALINE cartilage

7

Responsible for red cell formation in infants

Red marrow

💡yellow marrow are fats.

8

Germ layer of origin of Humerus.

Somatic mesoderm

💡Paraxial mesoderm: bones attached to muscles
💡Splanchnic mesoderm: cardiac and smooth muscles
💡Somatic mesoderm: Limb muscles (appendicular)

9

Immovable joints are also known as:

Synarthroses

💡Amphiarthroses: slightly movable
💡Diarthroses: freely movable

10

7 types of synovial joints.

Plane: sternoclavicular, acromioclavicular
Hinge/Ginglymus: elbow, knee, ankle
Pivot/Trochoid: atlantoaxial, radioulnar
Condyloid: mcp/knuckles
Ellipsoidal: wrist
Saddle: carpometacarpal of thumb
Ball and socket/Enarthroses: shoulder, hip

11

Contents of axilla.

Axillary vein
Axillary artery
Brachial plexus

12

Where will you insert the needle in Brachial Nerve Plexus Block?

Proximal part of the sheath.

💡position verified by feeling the Pulsations of the 3rd Part of the Axillary artery.

13

The following muscles are classified as "rotator cuff", except:
A. Supraspinatus
B. Infraspinatus
C. Teres Major
D. Teres Minor

C. Teres Major

rotator cuff muscles:
✔️supraspinatus: above
✔️inraspinatus: posterior
✔️teres minor:posterior
✔️subscapularis: anterior

14

Stabilizes the shoulder joint.

Rotator cuff muscles

15

Weakest part of the rotator cuff.

Inferior

💡unprotected by muscles.

16

Main abductor of the shoulder.

Deltoid

17

Initiate the abduction of shoulder.

Supraspinatus

18

2 intrinsic muscles of shoulder supplied by Axillary nerve.

Teres Minor
Deltoid

19

Lateral rotators of shoulder.

Infraspinatus
Teres minor

20

Medial rotators of shoulder.

Subscapularis
Teres major

21

Intrinsic muscles of shoulder supplied by Suprascapular nerve.

Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus

22

Intrinsic muscle of shoulder supplied by Subrascapular nerve.

Subscapularis: upper
Teres major: lower

23

More common dislocation of shoulder joint due to sudden violence applied to the humerus with the joint fully abducted that tilts the humeral head downward into the inferior weak part.

Anterior Inferior Dislocation

24

Rare dislocation of shoulder, caused by direct violence to the front of the joint.

Posterior dislocation

25

Most commonly affected tendon in inflammation of rotator cuff.

Tendon of Supraspinatus muscle.

*pain anterior ans superior to the shoulder during ABDUCTION.

26

Contents of Quadrangular space.

Axillary nerve (circumflex nerve)
Posterior circumflex vessels

27

Boundaries of Quadrangular space.

Above: Teres minor
Below: Teres major
Medial: Long head of Triceps brachii
Lateral: Surgical neck of Humerus

28

Boundaries of Triangular space.

Above: Teres minor
Below: Teres major
Lateral: Long head of Triceps brachii

29

Contents of Triangular space.

Circumflex scapular vessels

30

Intrinsic muscles of the hand supplied by Ulnar nerve.

3 Palmar interossei: aDduct fingers
4 Dorsal interossei: aBduct fingers
"PAD-DAB"

4 Lumbricales: MEDIAL part; Flex MCP joint