ANATOMY- UPPER LIMB Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ANATOMY- UPPER LIMB Deck (42):
1

CORACOBRACHILAIS

O- apex of the coracoid process
I- linear roughening on mid shaft of humerus on the medial side
flexes the elbow

2

BICEPS BRACHII

O- long head --> tubercle above glenoid fossa. Supraglenoid tubercle of the scapula
short head --> apex of coracoid process
I- radial tuberosity
A- flexion of elbow

3

BRACHIALIS

O- anterior aspect of the humerus and adjacent inter muscular septae
I- tuberosity of the ulna
flexes arm

4

BRACHORADIALIS

O- lateral supracondylar ridge
I- lateral surface of the radius above styloid process
A- pronation and flexion of elbow

5

TRICEPS

O: long head--> infraglenoid tubercle
medial head --> lower part of posterior surface of humerus
lateral head --> upper part of posterior surface of humerus
I: posterior surface olecranon of ulna
I: radial nerve C6-C8
A: extension of the elbow

6

SUPRASPINATUS

O- medial 2/3 of the supraspinatus fossa of the scapula and the deep fascia that covers the muscle
I- most superior facet on the greater tubercle of the humerus
abducts the arm

7

INFRASPINATUS

o- medial 2/3 of the infraspinatus fossa of the scapula and the deep fascia that covers the msucle
I- middle facet on posterior surface of the greater tubercle of the humerus- stability
externally rotates the arm

8

TERES MINOR

O- upper part of lateral border of the scapula
I- lower most facet on the posterior surface of the greater tubercle of the humerus
externally rotates the arm

9

SUBSCAPULARIS

o- medial 2/3 of sub scapular fossa
I- lesser tubercle of humerus
internally/medially rotates the arm

10

ANCONEUS

O: lateral epicondyle of humerus
I: olecranon and upper part of ulnar shaft
I: radial nerve C7,C8
A: extends the elbow

11

SUPINATOR

O- superficial part --? lateral epicondyle of humerus
radial collateral and angular ligaments
deep part --> supinator crest of the ulna
I- lateral surface of radius superior to the anterior oblique line
A- supinates the forearm

12

PRONATOR TERES

O- humeral head --> medial epicondyle and supraepicondylar ridge of the humerus
ulnar head --> medial side of corned process of ulna
I- roughening on lateral surface, mid shaft of radius
A- pronates forearm
assists elbow flexion

13

PECTORALIS MINOR

O- anterior surfaces ad superior borders of ribs 3,4,5 and from deep fascia overlying the related intercostal spaces
I- coracoid process of scapula
A- pulls tip of shoulder down
protracts and medial rotates the scapula
accessory muscle of inspiration

14

LEVATOR SCAPULAE

o- transverse processes of C1,2, 3 ad 4 vertebrae and posterior tubercles of transverse processes of C3 and C4 vertebrae
I- posterior surface f medial border of scapula t the root of the spine of the scapula
A- elevation and medial rotation of scapula

15

UPPER FIBRES OF TRAPEZIUS

O- superior nuchal line and external occipital bone
medial margin of the ligament nuchae
spinous processes of C7 to T12 and the related supraspinous ligaments
I- superior edge of the crest of the spine of the scapula
acromion, posterior border of lateral 1/3 of clavicle
Elevates shoulder girdle

16

ERECTOR SPINAE

O- sacrum
I- ribs, vertebrae, cranium

extension of the spine

17

ANTERIOR SCALENES

O- TP of C3-C6
I- rib 1
side bend neck and elevates the rib

18

MIDDLE SCALENES

O- TP of C2 and C7
I- Rib 1
side bend neck and elevate the rib

19

POSTERIOR SCALENES

O-TP of C5-C7
I- rib 2
side bend neck ad elevates the rib

20

SPLENIUS CAPTIS

O- nuchal ligament and SP C7-T3
I- mastoid process
extend, rotate and laterally flex neck

21

STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID

O- sternum and clavicle
I- mastoid process
rotate, side bend and flex neck

22

LEVATOR SCAPUAE

O- C1-C4
I- superior border of scapula
elevates scapula

23

LAT DORSI

O: SP of T7-L5, iliac crest, 3-4 ribs, inferior angle of the scapula
I- bicipital groove of humerus
adducts, eternally rotates and extends the arm

24

PSOAS MAJOR

O- TP of L1-L5
I-lesser trochanter
flexes hip

25

RHOMBOID MAJOR

SP of C7-T1
medial scapula
elevates and retracts scapula

26

RHOMBOID MINOR

SP of T2-T5
medial scapula
elevates and retracts the scapula

27

TERES MAJOR

inferior angle of scapula
bicipital grove
internal rotation of the arm

28

SERRATUS ANTERIOR

ribs 1-9
anterior scapula
protracts scapula

29

ILIACUS

iliac fossa
lesser trochanter

30

PSOAS MAJOR

vertebral bodies and disc of T12-L5
lesser trochanter
hip flexion

31

RECTUS ABDOMINUS

pubis
costal cartilage of ribs 5-7, xiphoid process of sternum
flexion of lumbar spine

32

INTERCOSTALS

ribs 1-11
ribs 2-12
elevates and depresses the ribs

33

INTERNAL OBLIQUES

inguinal ligament, iliac crest
inferior ribs, lipoid process
rotates abdomen to the same side

34

EXTERNAL OBLIQUES

lower 8 ribs
iliac crest, inguinal ligament
rotates torso

35

QUADRATUS LUMBORUM

iliac crest
rib 12 and TP of lumbar spine
lateral flexion of vertebral column

36

TRANSVERSE ABDOMINUS

iliac crest, iliolumbar ligament, cartilage of lower 6 ribs
xophoid process, idea alba and pubis
compression of ribs and viscera

37

FLEXOR CARPI RADIALIS

medial epicondyle
base of 2nd and 3rd MET
flexion and abduction of wrist

38

FLEXOR CARPI ULNARIS

medial epicondyle

39

EXTENSOR CARPI RADIALIS BREVIS

medial epicondyle
pisiform, hamate and 5th MET
flexion and adduction of wrist

40

EXTENSOR CARPI RADIALIS LONGUS

lateral epicondyle
base of 3rd MET
extension of wrist

41

EXTENSOR CARPI ULNARIS

lateral epicondyle
base of 2nd MET
extension of wrist

42

PALMARIS LONGUS

medial epicondyle
palmar aponeurosis
wrist flexor