Ancient Greece Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ancient Greece Vocab Deck (26):
0

peninsula

land surrounded by water on all sides but one

1

bards

storytellers

2

acropolis

a high hill (literally means: "city on a hill")

3

polis

a city-state

4

tyrants

people who seize power by force

5

democracy

government by the people

6

oligarchy

the government by a small group of wealth people

7

agora

the center of a Greek city

8

hoplites

foot soldiers

9

phalanx

a unified battle formation

10

zoastrianism

the Persian religion based on the belief in one god

11

immortals

an army of 10,000 men who protected the king of Persia

12

philosophers

thinkers/teachers who reflect on the meaning of life

13

philososohy

literally means: "love of widsom"

14

Socratic Method

the use of questioning to gain truth

15

direct democracy

a form of democracy in which all citizens debate and vote on laws

16

representative democracy

a form of democracy in which citizens elect a smaller group of people who represent and make laws (representative democracy = republic

17

helots

slaves in ancient Spart

18

Ephors

high-ranking officials in ancient Sparta who enforced the laws and collected taxes

19

Delian League

an alliance of Greek city-states to prevent the Persians from coming back

20

Golden Age of Greece

a time after the Persian Wars when Athens rebuilt its city under the leader, Pericles

21

myths

traditional stories about gods and heroes

22

rituals

actions that are part of a religious ceremony

23

oracles

sacred places where priests and priestesses spoke for the gods

24

epics

long, story-telling poems (like the Iliad and Odyssey)

25

fables

short stories that teach a lesson (Aesop's Fables - "The Boy Who Cried Wolf" and "The Hare and the Tortoise")