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Flashcards in Animal Kingdom Deck (107):
1

Mode of locomotion in reptiles

Creeping and crawlings

2

The first true land vertebrate

Reptiles

3

Type of skin in reptiles

Dry or cornified skin, epidermal scales or scutes.

4

Tympanum in reptiles represents

The ear

5

How many pairs of limbs are present in reptiles ?

If present two pairs of limbs

6

How many chambers are their in the heart of the reptiles.

Three chambered , except in crocodile four chambered heart.

7

Which type of dentition is present in snakes and lizards?

Pleurodont

8

Dentition in crocodile

Thecodont

9

Dentition in turtles

Tooth are absent , replaced by horny beaks

10

Feature of the skull in reptiles

Monocondylic(with one occipital condyle).

11

Excretory organ in reptiles

Kidneys , which are metanephric.

12

In reptiles ,urinary bladder is absent in

Snakes and crocodile.

13

How many pairs of cranial nerves are in reptiles?

12 pairs

14

Olfactory organ in reptiles

Jacobson's (vomeronasal organ)

15

Type of blood in reptiles

Cold blooded or poikilotherms.

16

Fertilisation in reptiles

Internal fertilisation

17

Sexes in reptiles are

Dioecious , sexes are separate.

18

Reptiles reproduce by

Oviparous or egg laying

19

The eggs are covered by

Shell

20

Scientific name of tortoise

Testudo

21

Scientific name of turtle

Chelone

22

Shape of The carapace in testudo

Oval shaped

23

Shape of the carapace in chelone

Heart shaped

24

The forelimbs and hind limbs in chelone is modified into

Paddles

25

The snakes, which have oar shaped tail

Poisonous,especially sea snakes

26

The snakes ,with cylindrical tail and tapered end

Poisonous or non poisonous,seen in land snakes

27

The snakes with small scales in head ,head triangular ,no loreal pit?

Poisonous, like vipers(Vipera russelli)

28

The snakes which have loreal upt in between the nostril and the eye?

Poisonous,pit vipers.

29

The snakes whose vertebrals enlarged, hexagon shaped scales are

Poisonous, Krait ,Bungarus

30

Neck with hood and spectacle mark

Cobra,Naja

31

Study of lizards

Saurology

32

Study of snakes

Serpentology or ophiology

33

The limbless lizard, known as glass snake , blind snake...

Ophiosaurus

34

Autonomy (breaking of their tails to confuse the enemy) is shown by

Most of the lizards

35

Two viviparous lizards are

Phrynosoma and Chameleon.

36

Wall lizards are also known as

Gecko,Hemidactylus

37

How do gecko run through vertices surfaces

It is due to the presence of vacuum pumps

38

Limbless lizards can be distinguished from snakes by

Presence of
movable eyelids and
external ear opening
which is absent in snakes.

39

The process of shedding of the scaly epidermis of snakes is known as

Moulting or

Ecdysis

40

Viviparous snakes

Vipers russelli
Hydrophilic

41

The poisonous glands in snakes are

Modified superior labial
Or parotid gland

42

Types of venoms in snakes

Neurotoxic and haemotoxic

43

Common poisonous snakes

Crobra (Naja)
Kriat (Bungarus)
Vipers (Vipera)
Hydrophis
Coral snakes etc....

44

The antivenins used in counteract the effect of heamotoxins

Benadryl and antisera

45

Antivenin injections are prepared at

Haffkin's institute,Mumbai
Central Research Institute,kausali(Simla)

46

Two common sea snakes

Hydrophis
Enhydrina

47

Smallest snake

Thread snake

48

Largest lizard

Komodo dragon

49

Smallest lizard

Dwarf gecko

50

Long dinosaur

Diplodocus

51

Smallest dinosaur

Compsognathus

52

Largest living carnivorous reptile

Crocodile ( Crocodilus )

53

Ancestors of mammals

Therapsida

54

Which reptile have prehensile tail

Chameleon

55

Truly flying vertebrates

Birds

56

Modified jaw in aves

Beak

57

Forelimbs of aves are modified into

Wings

58

Which glands are present in the skin of aves

Oil glands
Or
Preen gland
Or
Uropygial gland
Present at the base of the tail

59

Which type of bones are present in aves

Pneumatic bones or hollow bones

60

The additional chamber in the digestive tract of birds

Crop and gizzard

61

Which animal is known to be having 'rich blood'

Aves
Bcos they are having more
RBC per cubic mm than any other animal

62

Urinary bladder is seen in which bird

Rhea

63

The comb like structure seen in eyes near the blind spot

Pecten....
Which helps in giving nutrition to the eye ball......

64

Blood in aves are

Homeothernous or
warm blood animals

65

Respiration in aves is done by

Lungs

66

What is present in aves to produce sound

Syrinx,
Lies near the junction of trachea and bronchi

67

Types of feathers in aves

Quills feather
Coverts feather
Contour feather
Filoplume feather
Down feather
Rictal bristle feather

68

The last three or four tail vertebrae fuse to form a

Pygostyle

69

Smallest living flightless bird

Kiwi

70

The smallest bird

Humming bird or sunbird

71

Oil gland ,keel,pygostyle,and syrinx are absent in

Flightless birds

72

How many ovary ate their In female birds

One ovary

73

Famous Indian Ornithologist

Dr. Salim Ali

74

National bird

Pavo cristatus(peacock)

75

Heaviest bird

Vulture gryphus or vulture

76

Largest living bird

African ostrich

77

Egg of ostrich weighs

1.5kg

78

Name two flightless birds

Struthio(ostrich)
Apteryx(kiwi)

79

Study of birds

Ornithology

80

Flightless bird with oil gland

Kiwi

81

Unique feature of mammals

Milk producing mammary glands.

82

The skin of mammals are unique in possessing

Skin hair

83

Example of Oviparous mammal

Ornithorhynchus (platypus)

84

Two cerebral hemispheres are joined by a transverse band of nerve fibres

Corpus callosum

85

The four solid optic lobes in mammals are called as

Corpora quadrigemina

86

In mammals the three ear ossicles are

Malleus,incus,stapes

87

The neck of mammals have how much vertebrae

Seven cervical vertibrae

88

Are sponges sessile or free living

Sessile

89

Symmetry of Poriferans

Asymmetric

90

Level of organisation of phylum Porifera

Cellular level of organisation

91

What are the types of canal system in porifera

Ascon type
Sycon type , and
Leucine type

92

Ieucon type of canal system Is also known as

Rhagon type

93

Sexes of Porifera is

Hermaphrodite I.e, sexes are not separate in them

94

Development of Porifera are

Indirect development

95

Euspongia is also known as

Bath sponge

96

Which Porifera is given as a precious marriage gift in Japan

Euplectella

97

Example for fresh water sponge

Spongilla

98

Which sponge is called the boring sponge

Cliona

99

Which sponge is called as deadman' finger

Chalina

100

Coelenterates are also called as

Cnidaria

101

Symmetry of Cnidarians

Radial symmetry

102

Level of organisation in Cnidaria

Tissue level of organisation

103

Type of germ layer in.cnidaria

Diploblastic animals

104

Where do hydra flourishes

In cool, clean and stagnant water

105

Number of tentacles in hydra

6-10 tentacles

106

Food of hydra are

Water fleas such as daphnia and cyclops

107

Development in hydra is

Direct development