Antibiotics Flashcards Preview

RUSVM Small Animal Medicine I > Antibiotics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antibiotics Deck (26):
1

Which of the following is false regarding beta lactam drugs?

a. Penecillin is a beta lactam
b. They're bacteriostatic drugs
c. They're gram positive, aerobic and anaerobic bacteria
d. They have extended spectrum activity

b. They're bacteriostatic drugs


**bacteriocidal

2

True/False: Penicillin and Cephalosporins have similar side effects.

True

3

Which of the following is a bacteriostatic broad spectrum antibiotic that has bone marrow suppresion side effects?

a. Nitrofurans
b. Polymyxins
c. Chloramphenicol
d. Aminoglycosides

c. Chloramphenicol

4

Which of the following is a gram negative bacteriocidal and bacteriostatic antibiotic that causes nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity?

a. Nitrofurans
b. Polymyxins
c. Chloramphenicol
d. Aminoglycosides

d. Aminoglycosides

5

Which of the following is false regarding cephalosporins?

a. They're beta lactams
b. They're bactericidal
c. Broad spectrum of activity
d. None of the above are false

d. None of the above are false

6

Which of the following can only be applied topically and is associated with pemphigus vulgaris (immun mediated skin disease)

a. Nitrofurans
b. Polymyxins
c. Chloramphenicol
d. Aminoglycosides

b. Polymyxins

7

Which of the follwoing can you use to treat rickettsiae and mycoplasma bacteria?

a. Tetracyclines
b. Sulfonamides
c. Macrolides and Lincosamides
d. Nitroimidazoles

a. Tetracyclines

8

Which of the following treats anaerobic bacteria and protozoa's and is associated with neurological abnormalities?

a. Tetracyclines
b. Sulfonamides
c. Macrolides and Lincosamides
d. Nitroimidazoles

d. Nitroimidazoles

9

Which of the following is associated with esophagitis, hepatotoxicity, and occasional anaphylaxis as side effects?

a. Tetracyclines
b. Sulfonamides
c. Macrolides and Lincosamides
d. Nitroimidazoles

a. Tetracyclines

10

Which anibitotic can be used in urinary infections and is rapidly excreted in the urine?

Nitrofurans

11

Which of the following is a bacteriocidal that treats gram positive bacteria and some rickettsiae?

a. Tetracyclines
b. Sulfonamides
c. Macrolides and Lincosamides
d. Nitroimidazoles

c. Macrolides and Lincosamides

12

True/False: Tetracyclins are bacteriostatic antibiotics that work on aerobic and anaerobic gram positive and negative bacteria.

True

13

True/False: Nitrofurans is a gram positive that is both bacteriocidal and bacteriostatic.

False

**gram negative

14

Which of the following is a bacteriostatic used to treat streptococcus, and nocardia?

a. Tetracycline
b. Sulphonamides
c. Aminoglycosides
d. Lincosamides

b. Sulphonamides

15

Which of the following bacteriocidal antibiotic works on mainly gram negative and some gram positive organisms and can cause retinal blindness in cats?

a. Tetracycline
b. Suphonamides
c. Quinolones
d. Lincosamides

c. Quinolones

16

Which of the following is ineffective in the presence of pus, necrotic tissue or blood containing PABA?

a. Tetracycline
b. Suphonamides
c. Quinolones
d. Lincosamides

b. Suphonamides

17

All of the following are common side effects seen with sulfonamides except:

a. Hepatic and renal disease
b. Keratoconjuctivitis sick
c. Hypersensitivities
d. Cartilage damage in puppies

d. Cartilage damage in puppies

18

Which antibiotic can cause neurolocial abnormalities, lethargy, weakness, neutropenia, hepatotoxicity, and hematuria?

Nitroimidazoles

19

Which antibiotic can cause cartilage damage in puppies?

Quinolones

20

All of the following are baceriocidal antibiotics except:

a. Quinolones
b. Nitrofurans
c. Macrolines and lincosamides
d. Tetracycline

d. Tetracycline

21

All of the following are bacteriostatic antibiotics except:

a. Tetracycline
b. Cephalosporins
c. Aminoglycosides
d. Chloramphenicol

b. Cephalosporins

22

Which antibiotics are both bacteriostatic and bacteriocidal? (Only 2)

Aminoglycosides
Nitrofurans

23

Which are just bacteriostatic antibiotics?

Chloramphenicol
Tetracyclins
Sulfonamides

(Chloe Talks Shit) --> so we must stop her from letting the roomers grow (static)

24

Which are just bacteriocidal antibiotics?

Quinolones
Cephalosporin
Penicillin
Macrolides and Lincosamides

(Quinn Can't Pet My Llama) --> or I will kill you (cidal) :)

25

Which antibiotic would I use to treat E.coli and Shigella?

Polymyxins

26

Amikacin and Gentamycin are considered which class of antibiotic?

Aminoiglycosides