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Flashcards in Antidotes Deck (26):
1

acetaminophen

N-acetylcysteine - most effective given within 8 hours of ingesting acetaminophen

2

anticholinergics

physostigmine

3

benzodiazepines

flumazenil

4

beta blockers

(high dose) glucagon

5

calcium channel blockers

glucagon, calcium chloride, calcium gluconate (10%)

6

cholinergics

atropine, pralidoxime

7

cyanide

amyl nitrate
sodium thiosulfate
hyperbaric oxygen chamber

8

digitalis/digoxin

digoxin antibodies: digoxin immune fab, DigiFab, Digibind

9

dnoxaparin

protamine sulfate

10

ethylene glycol

ethanol
fomepizole
pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6)

11

heparin

protamine sulfate

12

hypoglycemic agents

glucagon
octreotide

13

iron

deferoxamine mesylate

14

lead

chelation therapy:
1) dimercaprol
2) penicillamine
3) calcium disodium edetate (CaNa2EDTA)
4) succimer

15

magnesium sulfate

calcium gluconate

16

mercury

chelation therapy:
1) dimercaprol
2) penicillamine
3) calcium disodium edetate (CaNa2EDTA)
4) succimer

17

methanol

folinic acid and then folic acid
fomepizole

18

mushrooms, muscarinic

atropine sulfate

19

nerve gas (Sarin, soman and VX)

atropine sulfate
pralidoxime chloride

20

opioids (codeine, morphine)

naloxone, nalmefene

21

snakes (rattlesnakes, copperheads, cottonmouths)

Antivenin (Crotalidae) Polyvalent (equine origin)
Crotalidae Polyvalent Immune Fab (Ovine)

22

spiders (black widow)

Antivenin (Latrodectus mactans), equine

23

tricyclic antidepressants

sodium bicarbonate

24

vasopressor infiltration and extravasation

phentolamine mesylate

25

warfarin

phytonadione (vitamin K)

26

acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)

Activated charcoal
(signs of asa poisoning; disorientation, vomiting, hyperpnea, diaphoresis, restlessness)