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Flashcards in api-570_20150909133250 Deck (412):
1

Code to follow when performing an internal inspection on pipe

API 510 570: 5.5.1

2

Positive Material Identification (PMI)

API 578 570: 5.9

3

Fitness for Service (FFS)

API 579 570: 7.4

4

Risked Based Inspection (RBI)

API 580 570: 5.2

5

Valve Inspection and Testing

API 598 570: 5.10

6

Cathodic Protection

API 651 570: 9.3.5

7

Welding on In-Service Equipment containing Flammables

API 2205 570: 8.2.1

8

NDE Procedure Guidelines

ASME Sect V B31.3: 343

9

Design code for fabrication of piping relief devices

ASME Sect 8 B31.3: 322.6.3

10

Welder & Weld Procedure Qualification

ASME Sect 9 B31.3: 328.2.1.a

11

NDE Personnel Qualification

ASNT SNT-TC-1A B31.3: 342.1 Note

12

When fitting up a socket weld joint the male end is welded in the female socket with

An approx 1/16" gap at the base of the joint

13

The zone for preheat shall extend

At least 1 inch beyond each edge of the weld

14

Where a hardness limit is specified in table 33 1.1.1 at least ________% of welds, hot bends, and hot formed components in each furnace heat treated batch and 100% of those locally heat-treated shall be tested

10

15

What is acceptable as an alternate heat treatment

Normalizing, normalizing and tempering, or annealing

16

When an entire piping assemble is to be heat treated cannot fit into the furnace, it is permissible to heat treat in more than one heat treat, provided there is at least _______ overlap between successive heats, and that the parts of the assembly outside the furnace are protected from harmful temp gradients

1 foot

17

Flattening of a bend, the difference between maximum and minimum diameter's at any cross-section, shall not exceed _______% on nominal outside diameter for internal pressure

8

18

Flattening of a Bend, the difference between maximum and minimum diameter's at any cross-section, shall not exceed ________% on nominal outside diameter for external pressure

3

19

Flanged joints: Before bolting, mating gaskets contact surfaces should be within ________ in/ft, measured across any Dia.

16-Jan

20

Flange Bolt holes should be aligned within ______ max offset

1/8 in.

21

Bolts should extend completely through their nuts. Any which failed to do so or considered acceptably engaged if the lack of complete engagement is not more then

One thread

22

How many gaskets shall be used between Contacts faces in the Assembling a flanged joint

No more than one gasket

23

What is the minimum time that a leak tests must be maintained

10 minutes

24

ASME code is not intended to apply to piping:

That has been placed in service

25

Compatibility of materials with the service and hazards from instability of contained fluids:

Are not within the scope of ASME B31.3

26

A fluid service that is nonflammable non-toxic and not damaging to human tissue and it's gage pressure does not exceed 150 psi in the design temperature from -20° through 366°F is known as category

D

27

A fluid service in which the potential personal exposure is judged to be significant any which a single exposure to a very small quantity of toxic fluid caused by leakage can produce serious in reversible harm persons on breathing or bodily contact even when prompt restorative measures are taken is known as category

M

28

The heating of metal to and holding at a suitable temperature and then cooling at a suitable rate for such purposes as reducing hardness improving machinability facilitating cold working producing a Desired microstructure or obtaining desired mechanical physical or other properties is known as

Annealing

29

What might happen to a piping system that has a gas or vapor in it " like steam" and it is allowed to cool significantly

The pressure in the piping system may reduce sufficiently to create an internal vacuum

30

What happens to a piping system that has fluids in it and the fluids are heated with the system blocked

The internal pressure will increase

31

Loads on a piping system that include the weight of the medium transported or the medium used for test and snow loads or ice loads or examples of -______ loads

Live

32

When the service is erosive if there is crevice corrosion present or if cyclic loadings occur slip on flanges shall

Be double welded

33

The use of slip on flanges should be ________ where many large temperature cycles or expected particularly if the flanges or not insulated

Avoided

34

Unless save guarded, flanges is severe cyclic service conditions or limited to

Welding neck flanges

35

Bolting having not more than __________ ksi specified minimum yield Strength shall not be used for flange joints rated ASME B16.5 class 400 and higher

30

36

Tapped holes for pressure retaining bolting in metallic piping components shall be of sufficient depth that the thread engagement will be at least __________ Times the nominal thread diameter

8-Jul

37

What type of backing rings shall not be used under severe cyclic conditions

Split backing rings

38

Socket weld joints should be avoided in any service where ________ or _________ occur

Crevice corrosion , severe erosion

39

Socket weld's larger than NPS _______ shall not be used under severe cyclic conditions

2

40

Where flanges of different ratings are bolted together

The rating of the joint shall not exceed that of the lower rated flange

41

Where a metallic flange is bolted to a nonmetallic flange

Both should be flat-faced

42

Where a metallic flange is bolted to a nonmetallic flange

A fullface gasket is preferred

43

What type of joint should not be used under severe cyclic conditions

Expanded joints

44

Threaded joints should be avoided in any service where

Crevice corrosion, severe erosion, or cyclic loadings may occur

45

What is an example of a straight threaded joint

An union comprising male and female ends joined with a threaded union nut

46

Poisons ratio may be taken as _______ at all temperatures for all metals

0.3

47

For a liquid thermal expansion relief device which protects only a blocked in portion of piping system the set pressure shall not exceed the lesser of the system test pressure or ______% of design

120

48

Physical change of the piping component that has design applications affecting the pressure containing capabilities of flexibility of the piping system is an

Alteration

49

And imperfection of a type of magnitude exceeding the acceptable criteria

Defect

50

An __________ could be flaws or other types of discontinuities that were discovered during inspection that might be subject to some code acceptance criteria during further analysis

Imperfections

51

MDMT is the __________. __________ at which a significant pressure load can be applied to piping system as defined in applicable construction code

Lowest temperature

52

Injection points subject to accelerated or localized corrosion may be treated as

Separate inspection circuits

53

Pressure relieving devices should be tested and inspected at

Frequent enough intervals to make sure the PRDs perform reliably in service

54

Barlow formula for t

t= PD/2SE

55

Remaining life formula

t actual - t required / corrosion rate

56

Long term corrosion rate formula

t initial - t actual / years between

57

Short term corrosion rate

t previous - t actual / years in between

58

Any welding conducted on piping components in operation must be done in accordance with

API publication 2201

59

All repair and alteration welding to piping systems shall be done in accordance with the

Principles of ASME B31.3 or the code to which it was built

60

How often should cathodically protective buried piping be monitored to assure adequate levels of protection

Regularly

61

How often should above grade visual surveillance of a buried pipeline right-of-way be made

Approximately six month intervals

62

How often should poorly coated pipes with inconsistent cathodic protection potentials have a pipe to soil potential survey made

Every five years

63

The leak test for buried piping should be for a period of

Eight hours

64

Barlow formula for MAWP

MAWP= 2SET / D. T is projected thickness

65

Services with the highest potential of resulting in an immediate emergency if it leak were to occur are in class

1

66

Services not included in other classes or in class? This classification includes the majority of unit process piping and selected offsite piping

2

67

Services that are flammable but do not significantly vaporize when they leak and are not located in high activity areas or in class? Services that are potentially harmful to human tissue but are located in remote areas may be included in this class

3

68

Services that are essentially nonflammable and non-toxic or in class? As are most utility services. Inspections of this class of piping is optional and usually based on reliability needs and business impacts as opposed to safety or environmental impact

4

69

API 574 is

Inspection practices for piping systems components

70

Piping normally made by rolling plates to size and welding the seams is a larger then

16 NPS

71

Steel and alloy piping or manufactured to standard dimensions and normal pipe sizes up to

48 inches

72

Steel and alloy piping or also manufactured to standard thickness is designated as schedules in normal pipe sizes up to

36 inches

73

Gas piping has thickness tolerance of +_______ inch and - ________ inch

1/16, 0

74

For all nominal pipe sizes of _________ inches and smaller, the size refers to the nominal inside diameter

12

75

Under tolerance of welded pipe often used in refinery service is

0.010 inch

76

Tubing is generally seamlessly drawn, but it may be welded. It's stated size is it's actual

Outside diameter

77

The basic types of valves

Gate, globe, plug, ball, diaphragm, butterfly, check, and slide valves

78

Minimum thickness without corrosion allowance, based on structural and other loadings. The thickness is either determined from the standard chart or engineering calculations. It does not include thickness for corrosion allowance or mill tolerance

Structural minimum thickness

79

API RP 571 is

Damage mechanisms affecting fixed equipment in the refining industry

80

Article 2

Radiographic examination

81

Article 4

Ultrasonic examination

82

Article 6

Liquid penetrant

83

Article 7

Magnetic particle

84

Article 9

Visual examination

85

Article 10

Leak testing

86

Are class 200 flanges included in the standard

No

87

Are temperature markings required on all flanges

No

88

Bolting material having no more than 30 KS I specified Minimum yield strength or considered

Low strength

89

Class 400, 600, 900, 1500 and 2500 pipe flanges and companion flanges of fittings are regularly finished with _________ raised face

0.25

90

Class 150 and 300 pipe flanges and companion flanges of fittings or regularly finished with ______ raised face

0.06 in.

91

Flange Bolt holes are in multiples of

4

92

A flanged joint is composed of three interrelated components

The flanges, gasket, and bolting

93

At temperatures above 400° for class 150 and above 750° for other class designations flanged joints may

Develop leakage problems

94

When class 300 steel flanges are bolted to class 250 cast iron flanges what gasket should be used

Group No. Ia

95

ASME B16.5 covers flanges through NPS

24

96

ASME B16.47 covers the total range of larger flanges in size range NPS

26 through 60

97

API 570 Scope (Alteration, Inspection, Repair, Rerate)

AIRR 570: 1.1.1

98

API 570 Repair Organization (authorized by Jurisdiction, Owner, Contractor)

JOC 570: 3.1.79

99

API 570 AI’s Employer (Jurisdiction, User, Insurance company, Contractor)

JUIC 570: 3.1.6

100

Determine Corrosion Rate for New Service or Change in Service (Same or Similar Service, Owner’s Experience, Published Data, or Inspect in 3 months)

SOPI 570: 7.1.2

101

Primary responsibilities of API 570 AI (Testing, Inspection, Examination)

TIE 570: 4.3.4

102

Define Alteration

Physical Change 570: 3.1.2

103

Define Repair

Restore - Suitable 570: 3.1.78

104

Define Imperfection that exceeds the acceptance criteria

Defect 570: 3.1.17

105

Define Discontinuity that may or may not exceed the acceptance criteria

Imperfection 570: 3.1.30

106

Define RBI's two Primary Factors

Probability-Consequence 570: 5.2

107

NDE - Number of CMLs to obtain thickness readings during inspection

Represent- active 570: 6.5

108

NDE - CML that must be measured during a Thickness Inspection

CML w/ earliest renewal date 570: 6.5

109

How relief device intervals are determined

Performance 570: 6.7.3.1

110

Insp - Basis of API 570's Piping Classification

Consequence of failure 570: 6.3.1

111

Corrosion - Method by which process leaks can lead to brittle failure

Auto-refigeration 570: 6.3.4.2.a

112

Corrosion - Cause for fatigue crack

Cyclic Stress 574: 7.4.10.1

113

Corrosion - Factors that affect the creep rate

Time, Temp, & Stress 574: 7.4.11.1

114

Corrosion - Type of soil that is most corrosive

Low Resistivity 570: 9.2.4

115

Repairs - # of new flange assemblies to be inspected during repairs and alteration

Represent- active 570: 5.12

116

SCC can develop at hot spots, including where the heat tracing attaches to pipe

Caustic 574: 7.4.6.2.n

117

Where dew point corrosion often occurs

Overhead fractionation 574: 7.4.6.2.b

118

Potential for none or very few CMLs on circuit

Olefin cold side, Anhydrous ammonia 570: 5.6.2

119

Relatively uniform corrosion

Sulfidation, Sour water 570: 5.6.3

120

Valves that should be inspected for thermal fatigue

Cat Reformer 570: 5.10

121

Design - Mill tolerance for rolled and welded pipe

-0.010” 574: 4.1.1.3

122

NDE - Maximum length of Crack, or Incomplete Fusion allowed on a new weld

0” B31.3: Tbl 341.3.2

123

Flanges - Typical flange face finish

125-250 micro-inch B16.5: 6.4.5.3

124

Flanges - When mating flanges, the maximum amount of unparallel allowed (per diameter of flange in feet)

1/16” per foot B31.3: 335.1.c.1

125

Flanges - Max offset for bolt-holes for mating flanges

1/8” B31.3: 335.1.c.3

126

Welding - Maximum allowed size of open discontinuity in a Bend Test

1/8” ASME IX: QW-163

127

Preheat Zone - Distance from toe of weld

1” B31.3: 330.1.4

128

PWHT Zone - Distance from toe of weld

1” B31.3: 331.2.6

129

NDE - Minimum distance beyond the area to be examined to clean a part when performing a MT examination

1” ASME V: T-741.1.b

130

NDE - Minimum distance beyond the area to be examined to clean a part when performing a PT examination

1” ASME V: T-642.b

131

Repairs - Minimum radius of insert patch

1” 570: 8.1.4.2.c

132

Repairs - Minimum radius of insert patch

1” 570: Fig C.2

133

NDE - Max diameter of CML exam point for lines

2” 570: 3.1.20

134

NDE - Max diameter of CML exam point for lines > 10 NPS

3” 570: 3.1.20

135

NDE - Minimum length of Spot RT

6” B31.3: 344.5.2.c

136

Welding - Min length to RT/UT when qualifying a welder with test coupon or 1st production weld

6” ASME IX: QW-302.2/ 304.1

137

Welding - Minimum length of RT when qualifying a welding operator with a test coupon

6” ASME IX: QW-302.2

138

Corrosion - Soil-to-Air area – distance in air from interface

6” 570: 3.1.87

139

Corrosion - Distance to dig when inspecting for Soil-to-Air corrosion

6-12” 574: 7.4.5

140

NDE - Distance of eye-to-part to count as a Visual Exam

6-24” 577: 9.3.1.e

141

Corrosion - Soil-to-Air area – distance in soil from interface

12” 570: 3.1.87

142

NDE - Minimum upstream limit of intensive examination of injection point circuit

12” 570: 5.5.9

143

PWHT - Min overlap for PWHT when using multiple heats

12” B31.3: 331.2.5

144

Welding - Minimum length of RT/UT when qualifying a welding operator on first production weld

3’ ASME IX: QW-305.1

145

Underground - Minimum length of buried pipe to expose when excavating for inspection

6-8’ 570: 9.3.6

146

Repairs - Maximum size of fillet weld patch on pipe

½ Diameter 570: Fig C.2

147

Circuits - Minimum upstream limit of injection point circuit

Greater of: 12” or 3 Dia. 570: 5.5.9

148

NDE - Minimum downstream limit of intensive examination of injection point circuit

10 Diameters 570: 5.5.9

149

Circuits - Min downstream limit of injection point circuit

Lesser of:1st direction change + 25’or2nd direction change 570: 5.5.9

150

Corrosion - CUI affects Carbon Steel & low alloy (temperature range)

10 - 350 F 574: 7.4.4.1.e

151

UT Calibration - Calibration Block must be within what temperature of the part to be examined

25 F 577: 9.9.1

152

NDE - Standard temperature range for a PT exam

40 - 125 F V: T-652/653

153

Testing - Min flash point of hydrocarbons used for leak testing

120 F 570: 5.8.1

154

Corrosion - CUI affects Austenitic Stainless Steel (temperature range)

120 - 400 F 574: 7.4.4.1.h

155

Corrosion - Typical dew point of hydrochloric acid

130 F 571: 4.3.7.3.d

156

Corrosion - Temperature where chloride stress corrosion cracking becomes a concern

> 140 F 571: 4.5.1.3.g

157

NDE - Special procedures needed for UT thickness readings

> 150 F 570: 5.7.1

158

Corrosion - Temperature swings that can cause thermal fatigue

+/- 200 F 571: 4.2.9.3.c

159

Corrosion - Most aggressive CUI temperature range

212–350 F 571: 4.3.3.3.b

160

Corrosion - Typical dew point of sulfuric acid

280 F 571: 4.3.7.3.c

161

Welding - Minimum pre-heat temperature, when pre-heat is substituted for PWHT

300 F 570: 8.2.3.2

162

Welding - Minimum pre-heat temperature, when a local PWHT is substituted for a full encirclement PWHT

300 F 570: 8.2.3.3.c

163

Corrosion - Starting temp for Sulfidation on Carbon Steel per API 574

450 F 574: 7.4.6.2.j

164

Corrosion - Starting temp for Sulfidation on Iron-based Alloys per API 571

500 F 571: 4.4.2.3.c

165

Corrosion - Temperature range causing temper embrittlement in low chromes

650–1100 F 574: 3.1.39

166

Inspection - Operating Temp when a Corrosion Specialist must input on an Inspection Plan

> 750 F 570: 5.1.1.1

167

Corrosion - Graphitization occurs in Carbon Steel materials

> 800 F 574: 10.3.5.2.4

168

Corrosion - Creep occurs in 1-1/4% Chrome materials

> 900 F 574: 7.4.11.1

169

NDE - Maximum temperature for UT readings per ASME Sect V

1000 F ASME V: SE-797 8.5

170

NDE - Maximum temperature for UT readings per API 574

1100 F 574: 10.2.1.5.1

171

Materials - Carbon Steel PWHT temperature

1100-1200 F B31.3: Tbl 331.1.1

172

Testing - Minimum base metal temp during pressure testing when wall thickness is

MDMT + 10 F 570: 5.8.3

173

Testing - Minimum base metal temp during pressure testing when wall thickness is > 2” thick

MDMT + 30 F 570: 5.8.3

174

NDE - Maximum temperature for magnetic particles

Manufacturer Recommendation ASME V: 731.c

175

Common material with an endurance limit (fatigue cracking cannot occur below this stress level)

CS 571: 4.2.16.3.b.i

176

Subject to temper-embrittlement

Low Chromes 574: 7.4.12.1

177

Common material without an endurance limit

SS 571: 4.2.16.3.b.ii

178

Subject to chloride stress-corrosion cracking

300 SS 574: 7.4.8.1.a

179

Subject to polytheonic acid stress-corrosion cracking

Sensitized 300 SS 574: 7.4.8.1.b

180

P-numbers allowed to use pre-heat in lieu of PWHT

P1 & P3 570: 8.2.3.2

181

Flanges - Thread engagementellaneous acceptance criteria

-1 570: 5.12 / B31.3: 335.2.3

182

Ratio of Endurance Limit Stress to Ultimate Tensile Stress for Carbon Steel

0.4 – 0.5 571: 4.2.16.3.b.ii

183

Testing - Minimum range of pressure gauge used during a pressure test (multiplied by test pressure)

1.5 ASME V: T-1031.a

184

Testing - Preferred range of pressure gauge used during a pressure test (multiplied by test pressure)

2 ASME V: T-1031.a

185

NDE - # of additional welds or joints to examine when a weld defect is found during a Random examination

2 B31.3: 341.3.4.a

186

PWHT - Minimum # of thermocouples required when performing a local PWHT instead of a 360 degree band

2 570: 8.2.3.3.d

187

Weld Qualification - Number of tension tests to qualify a WPS

2 ASME IX: QW451.1

188

Weld Qualification - Number of bend tests to qualify a welder or welding operator in welding positions 1G-4G

2 ASME IX: QW452.1.a

189

NDE - Minimum # of exposures to RT 360o of a weld using a double-wall technique, double-wall view (elliptical shot)

2 ASME V: T-271.2.b.1

190

NDE - RT film Density Range - allowed for the weld & IQI when using a gamma ray source

2.0 – 4.0 ASME V: T-282.1

191

NDE - Minimum # of exposures to RT 360o of a weld using a double-wall technique, single-wall view

3 ASME V: T-271.2.a

192

Impact Test - Number of test bars required in each set

3 B31.3: 323.3.3

193

NDE - When using a shim under a hole-type IQI, the number of sides of the IQI that must be seen in the RT image

3 ASME V: T-277.3

194

Testing - Maximum range of pressure gauge used during a pressure test (multiplied by test pressure)

4 ASME V: T-1031.a

195

Weld Qualification - Number of bend tests to qualify a WPS

4 ASME IX: QW451.1

196

Weld Qualification - Number of bend tests to qualify a welder or welding operator in welding positions 5G & 6G

4 ASME IX: QW452.1.a Note 1

197

Design - # of Stress Cycles needed to become rated as Severe Cyclic Service

7000 B31.3: 300.2

198

NDE - Minimum time an examiner should be in a darkened area prior to using a black light for MT & PT exams

5 minutes ASME V: T-676.4.b & T-777.2.b

199

Testing - Minimum duration for a pressure test

10 minutes B31.3: 345.2.2.a

200

NDE - Final interpretation of a PT exam after application of developer (time range)

10-60 minutes ASME V: T-676.1

201

Testing - Minimum duration of hydro to evaluate integrity of buried pipe

8 hours 570: 9.3.7

202

NDE - Max Calibrating Interval – MT Permanent Magnet Yoke

Daily ASME V: T-762.a

203

NDE - Max Calibrating Interval - RT densitometer

90 days ASME V: T-262.1

204

Maximum time for obtaining thickness readings when corrosion rate on new pipe is not known (no other data available)

3 months 570: 7.1.2.c

205

Welding - Max Time a Welder or Welding Operator maintains qualifications for a process without using that process

6 months ASME IX: QW-322.1.a

206

Interval - Suggested interval for Above-grade Visual Surveillance of buried pipe

6 months 570: 9.3.1

207

NDE - Max Calibrating Interval - Electromagnetic MT Yoke

1 year ASME V: T-762.a

208

NDE - Maximum Interval for a visual examiner’s eye exam

1 year ASME V: T-923

209

NDE - Max interval to calibrate pressure gauge used in testing

1 year ASME V: T-1061.a

210

AI - Length of time before an API 570 AI must recertify

3 years 570: A.3.1

211

Insp - Max Thickness Inspection interval for an Injection Point

Lesser 3 yr or ½ Life 570: Table 2

212

Insp - Max External Inspection interval for Class 1 & 2 Piping

5 year 570: Table 2

213

Insp - Maximum Interval for Relief devices in fouling or corrosive service

5 year 570: 6.7.3.2

214

Insp - Suggested interval for Close-interval Potential Survey of buried pipe with poor CP

5 year 570: 9.3.2

215

Insp - Suggested interval for evaluation of Soil Corrosivity for buried pipe with no CP

5 year 570: 9.3.4

216

Insp - Max Thickness Inspection interval for Class 1 Piping

Lesser 5 yr or ½ Life 570: Table 2

217

Insp - Maximum Interval for Relief devices in non-fouling or non-corrosive service

10 years 570: 6.7.3.2

218

Insp - Minimum years of experience for Owner’s inspector during new fabrication

10 years B31.3: 340.4.b

219

Insp - Maximum External Inspection interval for Class 3 Piping

10 years 570: Table 2

220

Insp - Maximum Thickness Inspection interval for Class 2 & 3 Piping

Lesser 10 yr or ½ Life 570: Table 2

221

RBI - Maximum Interval for the RBI Reassessment

Per Table 2 570: 5.2.4

222

Repairs - When should temporary welded pipe repairs be replaced

Next opportunity 570: 8.1.4.1

223

Repairs - When shall non-welded repairs & temporary leak sealing devices and be removed and pipe repaired

Next turnaround 570: 8.1.5

224

NDE - Max Calibrating Interval - Check the light intensity of a black light used in a MT or PT exam

Before & after use ASME V: T-676.4.e & T-777.2.e

225

NDE - Pipe size where RT is preferred for thickness readings

Equal or

226

NDE - Pipe size where UT thickness readings may require specialized UT equipment

Equal or

227

Terms - Small bore piping

Equal or

228

Maximum pipe size normally allowed for threaded pipe

Equal or

229

Maximum pipe size normally allowed for socket-welded pipe

Equal or

230

NDE - Maximum pipe size for performing an elliptical shot (double-wall technique, double-wall view)

3 NPS ASME V: T-271.2.b

231

Pipe size where pipe OD is equal to pipe size (NPS)

Equal or > 14 NPS 574: 4.1.1.2

232

Pipe size where pipe is almost always made using rolled & welded plate

> 16 NPS 574: 4.1.1.1

233

NDE - Weight used to check magnetic strength of an AC yoke

10 lb. ASME V: T-762.b

234

NDE - Weight used to check magnetic strength of a DC yoke

40 lb. ASME V: T-762.c

235

NDE - Weight used to check magnetic strength of a permanent magnet yoke

40 lb. ASME V: T-762.c

236

NDE – Min angle of eye-to-part to count as a Visual Exam

30 degrees ASME V: T-952

237

NDE - Two primary gamma-ray RT sources

Ir 192, Co 60 577: 9.8.4

238

NDE - Lead letter used during RT to check for backscatter radiation

B ASME V: T-223

239

NDE - Lead letter used during RT to indicate a film-side IQI

F ASME V: T-277.1.b

240

NDE - Hole size that must be visible in RT when using a hole-type IQI

2T ASME V: Tbl T-276

241

NDE - Minimum light intensity when performing non-fluorescent MT or PT or VT exams

100 ft-candles ASME V: T-676.3, T-777.1 & T-952

242

NDE - Minimum black light intensity when performing MT or PT fluorescent exams

1000 mW/cm2 ASME V: T-676.4.c & T-777.2.c

243

NDE - Maximum UT scanning speed

6”/sec 574: 10.2.1.4.3

244

Weld Qualification - Maximum allowed thickness on a WPS based on the plate thickness (T) of a PQR test coupon

2T ASME IX: QW451.1

245

Weld Qualification – The “all-position” test coupon

6G ASME IX: QW461.9

246

Weld Qualification – Rejectable in RT when qualifying a welder

Crack, LoF, IP ASME IX: QW191.1. 2.2.a.1

247

Weld Qualification – Which welding process can a welder NOT be qualified by RT/UT

GMAW - SC ASME IX: QW-304

248

Welding - Variables needed on WPS

Essential & Non-Essent. ASME IX: QW200.1.b

249

Welding - Variables needed on PQR

Essential ASME IX: QW200.2.a

250

Welding - Minimum taper required for welds with mismatch

30 degrees B31.3: Fig 328.4.3

251

Design - Two most common CS pipe materials

A53 & A106 574: 4.1.1.1

252

Repair - Maximum allowed SMYS for pipe if fillet-welded patch is installed

40,000 psi 570: 8.1.4.1

253

Test - Maximum stress allowed during a pressure test

90% of SMYS 570: 5.8 Note

254

Test - pH of water needed to reduce likelihood of MIC (bugs)

>10 pH 570: 5.8.1

255

Corrosion - Typical external corrosion rate for dry rural environments

256

Corrosion - Typical external corrosion rate for inland locations with moderate rain & humidity

1-3 mpy 571: 4.3.2.3.c

257

Corrosion - Possible external corrosion rate for industrial environments with acid or sulfur compounds

5-10 mpy 571: 4.3.2.3.b

258

Corrosion - Possible external corrosion rate for marine environments

20 mpy 571: 4.3.2.3.b

259

NDE - Limits of RT Film Density of weld as compared to IQI

-15 to +30% ASME V: T-282.2.a.1

260

Design - Mill Tolerance of Seamless Pipe

-12.5% 574: 4.1.1.3

261

Pipe Class - % of H2S in process to classify as Class 1 Pipe

Equal to or > 3% 570: 6.3.4.2.c

262

NDE - % of welds to RT when fabricating Normal Service Pipe

5% B31.3: 341.4.1.b.1

263

NDE - % of welds to VT when fabricating Normal Service Pipe

5% B31.3: 341.4.1.a.2

264

NDE - % of welds to Brinnell after PWHT in furnace (if BHN are required)

10% B31.3: 331.1.7.a

265

NDE - Overlap with a UT scan, % of transducer diameter

10% 574: 10.2.1.4.3

266

AI - Amount of time inspector must be involved in inspection activities - required to maintain API 570 certification

20% 570: A.3.2

267

Mtls - Amount of nickel required for a material to be considered a nickel alloy

> 30% 571: 3.1.15

268

NDE - % of welds to Brinnell after local PWHT (if BHN is reqd)

100% B31.3: 331.1.7.a

269

NDE - % of Visual & RT required when fabricating Severe Cyclic Pipe

100% B31.3: 341.4.3.a.1/b

270

Testing - Pneumatic test pressure, % of design pressure

110% B31.3: 345.5.4

271

Testing - Leak test pressure of underground pipe, % of operating pressure

110% 570: 9.3.7

272

PRV - Maximum set pressure for thermal relief valves, % of design pressure

120% B31.3: 322.6.3.b.2

273

Document Owner/User must have that is following API 570

QA/Repair Manual 570: 4.3.1.1

274

Document required for each piping system

Inspection Plan 570: 5.1.1.1

275

Document required when changes are made to hardware or process

MOC 570: 4.3.1.2

276

Document required when Owner audits inspection program

Tracking System 570: 5.13

277

Document required of Examiner’s Employer

Certification Records 570: 4.3.5.3

278

Document required for each PRD Repair Organization

QA Manual 570: 6.7.2

279

Document required concerning personnel at PRD Repair Organization

Training Program 570: 6.7.2

280

Records maintain by Repair Organization and available to the inspector

WPS(s) & WPQ(s) 570: 8.2.2

281

Another Record that the Owner/User must maintain # 1

Insp Iso’s 570: 7.6.6

282

Another Record that the Owner/User must maintain # 2

Track Repairs Recommendations 570: 7.7

283

Another Record that the Owner/User must maintain # 3

External Inspections 570: 7.8

284

Another Record that the Owner/User must maintain # 4

Track Temporary Repairs 570: 7.9

285

Another Record that the Owner/User must maintain # 5

Deferrals 570: 7.10

286

API 578 provides guidelines for a material assurance system to verify:

All alloy materials. 1.0

287

The material verification program specified by API 578 covers:

Only pressure-containing components. 1.0

288

An alloy material is any metallic material that contains alloying elements thatare added:

To improve either mechanical properties or corrosion resistance. 3.1

289

An inspection lot includes:

all materials from a common source, of the same material type and same heat. 3.4

290

For construction and repair activities a written material verification program should be established by the:

Owner/User. 4.1

291

The material verification program should cover PMI testing of materials:

In existing piping systems and during construction, repairs andalterations of piping systems. 4.1

292

During repairs, random PMI sampling of new components is most appropriatefor:

low-risk piping systems. 4.1

293

Who has the responsibility to determine the extent of PMI performed?

Owner/User 4.1

294

During construction the Owner should consider 100% PMI of new components on:

high-risk piping systems. 4.1

295

Usually substituting an alloy for carbon steel does not cause a problem. But hardenable alloys may cause failure in some carbon steel systems. Which of the following process services would substituting an alloy for carbon steelnot result in a potential problem.

Benzene 4.1.1

296

Who is responsible to assure that the material verification program meets the guidelines of API 578?

Owner/User 4.2.1

297

Who is responsibility to verify the adequacy of the material verification program that is performed by material suppliers?

Owner/User 4.2.2

298

Who has the responsibility to review and approve the adequacy of the PMI program used by fabricators?

Owner/User 4.2.2

299

A mill test report:

Is an important part of the material qualify assurance program. 4.2.4

300

During construction, which of the following alloy components does not need to be covered by a material verification program?

Bolts, expansion joints, gaskets, and pressure containing welds need to be checked. 4.2.5

301

During alloy welding:

One electrode from each lot or package should be identified. 4.2.6

302

If alloy element(s) are contained in the flux of a welding electrode, PMI testing:

Could be conducted on a “weld button” prior to production welds. 4.2.6

303

New longitudinal welded alloyed pipe should:

Receive random PMI testing of weld and base metal if there is a reason to suspect problems. 4.2.6.1

304

PMI of autogenous welds is:

Not required if the base metal was PMI tested. 4.2.6.2

305

Who has the responsibility to determine the extent of PMI testing required on existing piping systems?

Owner/User 4.3.2

306

When prioritizing the need for PMI on existing piping systems, which of the following is not a factor to consider?

Age of the facility. 4.3.3

307

Incorrect substitution of carbon steel is most likely to be found in:

Chrome systems. 4.3.3.1

308

Which residual element in a carbon steel system has not caused increased corrosion rates in HF acid piping system?

Fe 4.3.3.2

309

Low silicon carbon steel can corrode rapidly when exposed to:

Hydrogen-free sulfidation. 4.3.3.4

310

Carbon steel can corrode rapidly in hydrogen-free sulfidation when the silicon content in carbon steel is:

311

The owner decides to conduct PMI testing on some existing piping systems. Which of the following is a major factor in prioritizing the pipe?

The effectiveness of the construction & maintenance practices. 4.3.3.5

312

Which of the following piping components is most likely to have a substitution with the wrong material?

Bolting. 4.3.4

313

Which of the following piping components is most likely to have a substitution with the wrong material?

6 NPS Gate valve. 4.3.4

314

Who has the responsibility to determine the extent of PMI testing required during repairs and alterations of piping systems?

Owner/User. 4.4.1

315

Who has the responsibility to evaluate the effectiveness of a PMI program during repairs and alterations?

Owner/User. 4.4.1

316

During repairs and alterations the Owner should:

Have a written procedure describing their PMI program. 4.4.1

317

PMI testing at the warehouse is:

Not a substitute for PMI testing required during fabrication. 4.4.2

318

In the petrochemical industry, one common material mix-up problem occurs:

When temporarily removing spool pieces. 4.4.3

319

Identification of materials by visual stamps or markings:

Is not a substitute for PMI testing. 5.1

320

How do portable X-Ray Fluorescence PMI tools work?

Radiation waves excite the materials and the material emits adifferent spectrum of radiation that can be analyzed. 5.2.2

321

PMI tools that use X-Ray fluorescence can not detect:

carbon. 5.2.2

322

How does Portable Optical Emission Spectrometry determine the elements in a material?

An electric arc causes a spectrum of light to be emitted from the tested material. The light is analyzed. 5.2.3

323

Chemical spot testing:

Removes a small amount of surface metal that is placed in a filter paper. Small droplets of reagents are used on the sample and different colors indicated different materials. 5.2.5.1

324

PMI tools that use Resistivity Testing are not always able to sort:

Low chromes and 300 series stainless steels. 5.2.5.2

325

PMI testing equipment should be:

Calibrated as specified by the manufacturer. 5.3

326

All personnel performing PMI tests should be:

Knowledgeable about the operation of the PMI test equipment. 5.5

327

Qualifications for personnel performing PMI testing should be submitted and reviewed by:

The Owner/User. 5,5

328

When PMI testing indicates that an alloy is outside the range allowed on the material spec, the component can:

Be used if accepted by the Owner/User following an assessment. 6.1c

329

An alloy weld overlay is applied to carbon steel base metal. What will occur?

Dilution. 6.2

330

An alloy weld overlay is applied to carbon steel base metal. Who has the responsibility to establish the minimum alloy requirements of the asdeposited weld metal?

Owner/User. 6.2

331

What is the appropriate action to take when an incorrect material is located during a PMI sampling of an inspection lot?

A more extensive inspection of the lot should be considered. 6.3

332

A color code system for pipe is specified by:

PFI ES22. 7.1.1

333

Identification of materials by color coding:

Is not a substitute for PMI testing. 7.1.1

334

Which of the following is not required when the owner’s PMI system requires physical marking of components?

The name of individual doing the marking. 7.1.1 / 7.1.2

335

Marking pens should not contain chlorides or:

Sulfur. 7.1.2b

336

When PMI testing is conducted on a new piping system, the documentation of the PMI results should be kept:

Until piping system is removed/scrapped. 7.4

337

Overall responsibility for complying with API 570 4.1

O

338

Responsible for developing &implementing a QA insp/repair mgmt system 4.3.1.1

O

339

Responsible for implementing an effective MOC process 4.3.1.2

O

340

Responsible for QC during repairs or alterations 4.3.3

Repair Organization

341

Assure owner - testing, inspection & examination activities meet Code 4.3.4

I

342

Evaluate and accept NDE examination results 4.3.4

I

343

Maintain certification records of NDE examiners 4.3.5.3

Exam Employer

344

Develop an inspection plan for a piping system 5.1.1.1

And / Or I E

345

Also involved in making inspection plans for pipe that operates >750 oF 5.1.1.1

CS

346

Choose to conduct RBI assessments 5.2

0

347

Get familiar with prior inspection data & repairs prior to inspections 5.3.5

I

348

Get familiar w/ operating conditions & potential damage mech of pipe system 5.4.1.2

I

349

Perform On-stream inspections 5.5.2

Or I Tech

350

Perform Thickness Inspection 5.5.3

Or I Tech

351

Assure individuals taking thickness measurements are trained and qualified 5.5.3

O

352

Determine cause if short-term corrosion rate varies significantly 5.5.3

And I CS

353

Perform External Inspection 5.5.4

Or I Qualified Other

354

Involved if the # of CML’s will be significantly reduced or eliminated 5.6.2

CS

355

Select or adjust the # of CMLs 5.6.3

I

356

Select CMLs for pipe systems subject to localized corrosion or cracking 5.6.3

CS

357

Determine need for non-thickness NDE techniques. Inspector consults w/: 5.7.2

Or E CS

358

Determine surface prep for NDE exam. Inspector made need to consult with: 5.7.3

GURU

359

Perform UT flaw detection for finding linear flaws 5.7.4

QUTE

360

Determine pressure for leak tests (non-code tests) 5.8

O

361

Prior to hydrotest determine if structure will support weight 5.8

E

362

Determine risk of brittle fracture prior to performing a pressure test 5.8.3

E

363

Approve substituting NDE for a pressure test 5.8.5

And I E

364

Perform UT as a substitute for a pressure test 5.8.5

QUTE

365

Verify that new alloy material during repairs & alteration meet specifications 5.9

I

366

When verifying new materials, determine the sampling percentage 5.9

O

367

PMI new materials during repairs & alterations 5.9

Or I Tech

368

If incorrect mat’l found in existing pipe, determine amount of further verification 5.9

I

369

Determine if PMI program is needed for existing facilities 5.9

O

370

Determine date to replace incorrect mat’ls found during PMI survey 5.9

And I O CS

371

Periodically inspect components found during PMI survey that are wrong mat’ls 5.9

I

372

Determine if crack-like weld flaws are the result of original weld fabrication 5.11

I

373

Assess crack-like flaws and environmental cracking 5.11

Or E CS

374

Assess preferential weld corrosion 5.11

I

375

Perform audit of owner/users to assure compliance with 570 5.13

Competent

376

Make corrections based on the audit of owner/users piping program 5.13

Owner’s AIA

377

Review and approve RBI assessments 6.3.2

And I E

378

Determine the inspection intervals 6.3.3

Or I O

379

Maintain a record of process fluid classification 6.3.4.1

O

380

PRD’s tested and repaired 6.7.1

Exp. Repair Org

381

Determine the inspection intervals for PRDs 6.7.3.1

Or I E Qualified Other

382

Select corrosion rate that best reflects conditions 7.1.1

And I CS

383

Maintain piping records 7.6.1

O

384

Review and approval an interval deferral 7.10

I

385

Revise an existing interval and document basis for change 7.10

I

386

Revise an existing interval that has unusual degradation issues. Inspector and: 7.10

Or E CS

387

Perform piping repairs 8.1.2

Repair Org

388

Authorize all repairs 8.1.2

I

389

Authorize all alterations 8.1.2

And I E

390

Designate hold points for repairs and alterations 8.1.2

I

391

Provide general authorization for limited or routine repairs 8.1.2

I

392

Approve all proposed methods of design, materials, WPSs, NDE & testing 8.1.3

Or I E

393

Approve use of on-stream welding 8.1.3

O

394

Approve repair welding of cracks 8.1.3

E

395

Approve all repair and alteration work at hold points 8.1.3

I

396

Approve all repair and alteration work at completion of work 8.1.3

I

397

Design temporary repairs 8.1.4.1

E

398

Determine longitudinal cracks won’t grow beyond a FW patch 8.1.4.1

E

399

Approve using lap patches with a material different than the pipe 8.1.4.1

E

400

Determine that wall thickness is adequate for on-stream welding 8.1.4.1

I

401

Allow temporary welded repairs to remain in place past “next opportunity” 8.1.4.1

E

402

Allow temp leak sealing devices to remain in place past “next opportunity” 8.1.5

E

403

Review leak sealing procedures 8.1.5

Or I E

404

Maintain record of qualified WPS’s and WPQ’s 8.2.2

Repair Org

405

Allow exceptions to required preheat temperature for temporary repairs 8.2.3.2

E

406

Check preheat temperature when using Preheat in lieu of PWHT 8.2.3.2

I

407

Review the use of Preheat in lieu of PWHT 8.2.3.2

E

408

Exceptions to PWHT on temporary repairs 8.2.3.3

E

409

Review the use of a local PWHT in lieu of a full encirclement PWHT 8.2.3.3

E

410

Determine whether a pressure test is needed after repairs 8.2.7

I

411

Approve substituting NDE in lieu of a pressure test 8.2.7

And I E

412

Perform rerating calcs 8.3

Or I E