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Flashcards in Appendicitis Deck (7)
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1

Appendicitis

Inflammation of the inner lining of the appendix
Clinical Emergency
*If it stops hurting that means it gets worse! Like peritonitis

2

Etiology and Patho

Obstruction in the appendiceal lumen
-IBD
-Infections
-Fecal stasis and fecaliths
-Others (foreign objects, tumors, etc)

3

Fecaliths

Essentially poop stones

4

Clinical Manifestations

Abdominal pain
-followed by N/V
-Migrates from periumbilical area to RLQ
-Rebound tenderness over McBurney Point, pain on percussion, rigidity, guarding

5

McBurney Point

Just above the right hip.

6

Diagnosis

Complete H&P
Labs: WBC, c-reactive protein
Urinalysis
Ultrasonography
Imaging: KUB, CT, MRI
Barium enema studies

7

Treatment

Antibiotics
Fluid Rescuscitation
Surgery (Appendectomy)