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Flashcards in Arthropods and Envenomations Deck (5):
1

Where can you find widow spiders (latrodectus species) in the USA?

All states except Alaska

2

How does latrodectotoxin effect neurotransmitters?

It causes massive neurotransmitter release.

3

What is latrodectism?

Systemic toxicity from latrodectus species. Myopathic syndrome, facies latrodectismica, pavor mortis.

4

What is "facies lactrodectimica?"

Can be part of latrodectism constellation of symptoms. Facial symptoms: trismus, contorted face, conjunctivitis, and diaphoresis.

5

Indications for latrodectus antivenom and associated risks of antivenom administration?

Severe symptoms, respiratory depression, and priapism. Antivenom is associated with anaphylactic, anaphylactoid reactions, and serum sickness.