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Flashcards in AS Vocab H039 Deck (949):
0

additus

join, add
verb 3

1

con- prefix

together

2

agmen n nom

column of men, army
noun3

3

in- prefix

'not' eg infelix

4

egi

do, act, drive
verb 3

5

per- prefix

thoroughly, very
eg persaepe = very often

6

re- prefix

'back, again'

7

a, ab vocab +ABL

from, by

8

a, ab prefix

away

9

abesse

be absent, be away, be distant
verb irreg

10

afui

be absent, be away, be distant
verb irreg

11

ac, atque

and

12

accido

happen
verb 3

13

accidere

happen
verb 3

14

acer m adj

keen, sharp, fierce

15

acris f adj

keen, sharp, fierce

16

acre n adj

keen, sharp, fierce

17

acies f nom

line, battle line, army

18

aciei f gen

line, battle line, army

19

ad + ACC

to, towards, at, about, near

20

addo

add, join
verb 3

21

addere

add, join
verb 3

22

addidi

join, add
verb 3

23

adeo

so much, so greatly, to such an extent

24

absum

be absent, be away, be distant
verb ireg

25

adhuc

till now, still

26

adimo

take away, remove

27

ademi

take away, remove

28

ademptus

take away, remove

29

adipiscor

obtain
verb 3 dep

30

adipisci

obtain
verb 3 dep

31

adeptus sum

obtain
verb 3 dep

32

adiuvo

help
verb 1

33

adiuvare

help
verb 1

34

adiuvi

help
verb 1

35

adiutus

help
verb 1

36

adsum

be here, be present
verb irreg

37

adfui

be here, be present
verb irreg

38

adulescens m nom

youth, young man
noun 3

39

accidi

happen
verb 3

40

adulescentis m gen

youth, young man
noun 3

41

advenio

arrive
verb 4

42

advenire

arrive
verb 4

43

adveni

arrive
verb 4

44

adversus + ACC - preposition

against, up(hill)

45

adversus - adverb

against, opposite

46

aedificium, aedificii n

buliding
noun 2

47

aedifico, aedificare, aedificavi, aedificatus

build
verb 1

48

aequus m adj

equal, fair, favourable, calm

49

aequa f adj

equal, fair, favourable, calm

50

aequum n adj

equal, fair, favourable, calm

51

agminis n gen

column of men, army
noun 3

52

ago

do, act, drive
verb 3

53

agere

do, act, drive
verb 3

54

actus

do, act, drive
verb 3

55

gratias ago

thank, give thanks

56

ager, agri m

field, land, territory
noun2

57

aliquis, aliquid pronoun

someone, something, anyone. anything

58

alius, alia, aliud pron/adj

other, one, another, else

59

agredior

attack, approach
verb 3 dep

60

aggredi

attack, approach
verb 3 dep

61

aggressus sum

attack, approach
verb 3 dep

62

adimere

take away, remove

63

alter m

the other, one (of two), another, a second

64

altera f

the other, one (of two), another, a second

65

alterum n

the other, one (of two), another, a second

66

altus m

high, deep

67

alta f

high, deep

68

altum n

high, deep

69

ambulo, ambulare, ambulavi

walk
verb 1

70

amica, amicae f/ amicus, amici m

girl-friend/ friend

71

amittere

lose
verb 3

72

amisi

lose
verb 3

73

adesse

be here, be present
verb irreg

74

colere

cultivate, worship, honour
verb 3

75

amissus

lose
verb 3

76

amo

love, like
verb 1

77

amare

love, like
verb 1

78

amavi

love, like
verb 1

79

amatus

love, like
verb 1

80

amor nom m

love
noun 3

81

amoris gen m

love
noun 3

82

an

or

83

angustus, angusta, angustum

narrow, confined

84

animadverto

notice, observe
verb 3

85

animadvertere

notice, observe
verb 3

86

annus, anni m

year
noun 2

87

ante +acc

before, in front of

88

amitto

lose
verb 3

89

animadversus

notice, observe
verb 3

90

animus m

spirit, soul, mind, courage
noun 2

91

animi m gen

mind, soul, spirit, courage
noun 2

92

alii...alii

some...others

93

antequam

before

94

aperio

open, reveal, disclose
verb 4

95

aperire

open, reveal, disclose
verb 4

96

condere

found, establish, hide
verb 3

97

aperui

open, reveal, disclose
verb 4

98

appareo

appear
verb 2

99

apparere

appear
verb 2

100

animadverti

notice, observe
verb 3

101

apparui

appear
verb 2

102

arcessitus

summon, send for
verb 3

103

aquila f

eagle, standard
noun 1

104

appropinquo, appropinquare, appropinquavi + what?

approach, come near to
+dat
verb 1

105

apud + what

among, at the house of, according to, in the opinion of

+acc

106

aqua, aquae f

water
noun 1

107

antea

before, previously

108

ara f nom

alter
noun 1

109

arae gen f

alter
noun 1

110

arbor f

tree
noun 3

111

arcesso

summon, send for
verb 3

112

apertus

open, reveal, disclose
verb 4

112

argentum nom n

silver, money
noun 2

114

arcessere

summon, send for
verb 3

115

ascendere

climb
verb 3

116

arcessivi

summon, send for
verb 3

117

aquilae gen f

eagle, standard
noun 1

119

armorum n pl

arms, weapons, armour
noun 2

120

aboris gen f

tree
noun 3

120

ars, artis f

art, skill
noun 3

121

ascendo

climb
verb 3

122

ascendi

climb
verb 3

123

audax m and f
adj

bold, daring

124

auxi

increase, exaggerate
verb 2

125

at

but

126

ascensus

climb
verb 3

126

attonitus, attonita, attonitum

astonished, thunder-struck

127

argenti gen n

silver, money
noun 2

128

audeo

dare
semi-dep

130

ausus sum

dare
semi-depo

131

arma n pl

arms, weapons, armour
noun 2

131

audio

hear, listen to
verb 4

132

audire

hear, listen to
verb 4

133

audivi

hear, listen to
verb 4

134

auditus

hear, listen to
verb 4

135

aufero

take away, carry off, steal
verb 3

136

auferre

take away, carry off, steal
verb 3

137

abstuli

take away, carry off, steal
verb 3

138

ablatus

take away, carry off, steal
verb 3

139

augeo

increase, exaggerate
verb 2

140

augere

increase, exaggerate
verb 2

142

auctus

increase, exaggerate
verb 2

143

aut

or, either

144

autem

but, however

145

auxilium nom n

help; (pl) (auxiliary) troops
noun 2

146

audacis n
adj

bold, daring

147

bellum, belli n

war
noun 2

148

bene

well

149

beneficium nom n

kindness, service, favour
noun 2

150

cado

fall, perish
verb 3

151

bonus, bona, bonum

good

152

beneficii gen n

kindness, service, favour
noun 2

153

brevis m and f
adj

short, brief

154

bis

twice

155

emo, emere, emi, emptus

buy
verb 3

157

bonorum n pl gen

goods, possessions, property
noun 2

158

cadere

fall, perish
verb 3

159

caelum nom n

sky, heaven
noun 2

160

auxilii gen n

help; (pl) (auxiliary) troops
noun 2

161

audere

dare
semi-depo

161

cecidi

fall, perish
verb 3

162

casus

fall, perish
verb 3

163

caedes nom f

slaughter, killing, murder
noun 3

164

cecini

sing, sound, play (of trumpets etc.)
verb 3

165

caedis f gen

slaughter, killing, murder
noun 3

165

caeli gen n

sky, heaven
noun 2

166

campus nom m

plain, field
noun 2

167

campi gen m

plain, field
noun 2

168

canis, canis m and f

dog
noun 3

169

cano

sing, sound, play (of trumpets etc.)
verb 3

171

capitis gen n

head, person, life, captial
noun3

172

canere

sing, sound, play (of trumpets etc.)
verb 3

172

cantus

sing, sound, play (of trumpets etc.)
verb 3

173

capere

take, catch, capture, choose
verb 3

174

capio

take, catch, capture, choose
verb 3

175

breve n
adj

short, brief

176

captus

take, catch, capture, choose
verb 3

178

certamen n nom

contest, battle, struggle
noun 3

179

captivus, captivi m

captive, prisoner
noun 2

179

carus, cara, carum

dear

180

caput n

head, person, life, captial
noun3

181

castra, castrorum n pl

camp
noun 2

182

causa, causae f

cause, reason, case
noun 1

183

causa + gen

for the sake of

184

caveo

beware (of), take care
verb 2

185

cavere

beware (of), take care
verb 2

187

cautus

beware (of), take care
verb 2

188

cedo, cedere

yeild, give up; (in compounds) go
verb 3

189

bona n pl

goods, possessions, property
noun 2

189

cessi

yeild, give up; (in compounds) go
verb 3

190

cessus

yeild, give up; (in compounds) go
verb 3

191

celer, celeris, celere

adj m, f, n

quick

192

celo, celare, celavi, celatus

hide
verb 1

193

centurio, centurionis m

centurion
noun 3

194

cerno

see, percieve, decree
verb 3

195

cernere

see, percieve, decree
verb 3

196

crevi

see, percieve, decree
verb 3

197

cretus

see, percieve, decree
verb 3

198

certiorem facere

inform
verb phrase

199

cibus, cibi m

food
noun 2

200

cingo, cingere

surround
verb 3

202

certaminis gen n

contest, battle, struggle
noun 3

203

certus, certa, certum
adj

certain, sure, fixed

204

ceteri, ceterae, cetera
adj

the rest, the other

205

cavi

beware (of), take care
verb 2

206

cinctus

surround
verb3

207

capi

take, catch, capture, choose
verb 3

208

circum, circa + what

around, about
+acc

209

civis, civis m and f

citizen
noun 3

210

civitas f nom

citizenship, state, city, tribe
noun 3

211

civitatis f gen

citizenship, state, city, tribe
noun 3

212

clades, cladis f

disaster, loss, defeat
noun 3

213

clam

secretly

214

clamo, clamare, clamavi, clamatus

shout, exclaim, proclaim
verb 1

215

clamor, clamoris m

shout, uproar, noise
noun 3

216

clarus, clara, clarum
adj

clear, famous, distinguished

217

coepi, coepisse, coeptus

began
verb defective

218

cognosco, cognoscere, cognovi, cognitus

get to know, find out, learn

219

cogito, cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatus

think, consider
verb 1

220

cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus

force, compel, drive, assemble
verb 3

221

cohors, cohortis f

cohort, company
noun 3

222

colui

cultivate, worship, honour
verb 3

223

cultus

cultivate, worship, honour
verb 3

224

comes, comitis m and f

comrade, companion
noun 3

225

committo, committere, commisi, commissus

commit, fight, begin (battle)
verb 3

226

comparo, comparare, comparavi, comparatus

prepare, provide, obtain, compare
verb 1

227

condemno, condemnare, condemnavi, condemnatus

convict, condemn
verb 1

228

condidi

found, establish, hide
verb 3

229

conditus

found, establish, hide
verb 3

230

conficio, conficere, confeci, confectus

complete, wear out
verb 3

231

condo

found, establish, hide
verb 3

232

confido, confidere, confisus sum + what

trust, believe, have confidence
+dat
verb 3

233

confero, conferre, contuli, conlatus

collect, compare, contribute, bestow
verb irreg

234

coniunx, coniugis m and f

husband, wife, spouse
noun3

235

conor, conari, conatus sum

try
depo

236

colo

cultivate, worship, honour
verb 3

237

consilium, consilii n

council, plan, advice, prudence
noun 2

238

consisto, consistere, constiti, constitus

halt, stand, stand firm
verb3

239

conspicio, conspicere, conspexi, conspectus

notice, observe, see
verb3

240

constituo, constituere, constitui, constitutus

decide, establish
verb3

241

consul, consulis m

consul
noun 3

242

consulo, consulere, consului, consultus

consult, consider, advise
verb3

243

consumo, consumere, consumpsi, consumptus

eat, consume, spend
verb 3

244

contendo, contendere, contendi, contentus

hurry, march, contend, fight
verb 3

245

contra + what

against
acc

246

copiae, copiarum f pl

troops, forces, supplies
noun 1

247

corpus, corporis n

body
noun 3

248

corripio, corripere, corripui, correptus

seize, carry off
verb 3

249

cinxi

surround
verb 3

250

cotidie

every day, daily

251

cras

tomorrow

252

credo, credere, credidi, creditus + what

believe, trust, entrust
verb 3

253

crimen, criminis n

accusation, charge, crime

254

culpa, culpae f

fault, blame

255

crudelis, crudele n
adj

cruel

256

cum

when, since, although

257

cum + abl

with

258

cunctus, cuncta, cunctum
adj

all, whole

259

cupio, cupere, cupivi, cupitus

desire, wish, want
verb 3

260

cur?

why?

261

cura, curae f

care, charge, anxiety

262

cupidus, cupida, cupidum + what

eager (for), greedy
+gen

263

curi, curare, curavi, curatus

care for, cure; with gerundive =get something done
verb 1

264

curro, currere, cucurri, cursus

run
verb 3

265

custodio, custodire, custodivi, custoditus

guard
verb 4

266

de + abl

about, from, down from

267

dea/deus
deae, dei
f. m.

goddess/god

268

debeo, debere, debui, debitus

owe, ought
verb 2

269

decipio, decipere, decepi, deceptus

deceive
verb3

270

defendo, defendere, defendi, defensus

defend
verb 3

271

deinde, dein

then, next, afterwards

272

deleo, delere, delevi, deletus

destroy
verb 2

273

denique

at last, finally, in short

274

descendo, descendere, descendi, descensus

descend, come down
verb 3

275

despero, desperare, desperavi, desperatus

despair

276

desino, desinere, desii, desitus

cease

277

dexter, dextra, dextrum
adj

right, on the right, right hand

278

custos, custodis m and f

guard
noun 3

279

dico, dicere, dixi, dictus

say, speak, tell
verb 3

280

dies, diei m occasionaly f

day
noun 5

281

difficilis, difficile

difficult

282

dignitas, dignitatis f

rank, dignity, importance, honour

283

dignus, digna, dignum + what

worthy (of), deserving (of)
+abl

284

diligens, diligentis

careful, diligent

285

dimitto, dimittere, dimissi, dimissus

dismiss, scatter
verb 3

286

dirus, dira, dirum

dreadful

287

discedo, discedere, discessi

depart, leave

288

disco, discere, didici

learn
verb 3

289

dissimilis, dissimile

different

290

diu

for a long time

291

dives, divitis
adj

rich

292

divitae, divitiarum f pl

riches, wealth
noun 1

293

divido, dividere, divisi, divisus

divide. seperate

294

do, dare, dedi, datus

give
verb 1

295

doceo, docere, docui, doctus

teach, inform
verb 2

296

doleo, dolere, dolui

hurt, be in pain, lament
verb 2

297

dolor, doloris m

pain, sorrow, anger
noun 3

298

dolus, doli m

trick, fraud

299

dominus, domini m

master
noun 2

300

domus, domus f

house, home
noun 4

301

donum, doni n

gift, present
noun 2

302

dormio, dormire, dormivi

sleep
verb 4

303

dubito, dubitare, dubitavi, dubitatus

doubt, hesitate
verb 1

304

dum

while, until

305

durus, dura, durum

hard, harsh, rough

306

dubius, dubia, dubium

doubtful, wavering
adj

307

dux, ducis m

leader, general, ruler
noun 3

308

e, ex +abl

from, out of; (in compounds) out

309

efficio, efficere, effeci, effectus

carry out, accomplish
verb 3

310

effugio, effugere, effugi

verb 3

311

duco, ducere, duxi, ductus

lead, take, marry, consider
verb3

312

egeo, egere, egui +gen or abl

need, be in want of, lack
verb 2

313

dextra, dextrae f

right side, right hand

314

ego, mei

i, me

315

eo (adverb)

thither

316

egredior, egredi, egressus sum

go out, come out

317

eo, ire, i(v)i

go

318

epistula, epistulae f

letter
noun 1

319

eques m

knight, horseman, (pl) cavalry
noun 3

320

equus, equi m

horse
noun 2

321

erga + what

towards
+ acc

322

ergo

therefore

323

erro, errare, erravi, erratus

wander, make a mistake
verb 1

324

et

and, both

325

etiam

also, even, still

326

etsi

although

327

excipio, excipere, excepi, exceptus

recieve, take, welcome
verb 3

328

excito. excitare, excitavi, excitatus

wake, rouse, excite
verb3

329

exemplum, exempli n

example, precedent
noun 2

330

exercitus, exercitus m

army
noun 4

331

exilium, exilii n

exile
noun 2

332

exitium, exitii n

ruin, destruction
noun 2

333

exspecto, exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatus

wait for, expect
verb 1

334

extra + acc

outside, beyond

335

facilis, facile

easy

336

facinus nom n

crime, outrage, deed
noun 3

337

facinorus gen n

crime, outrage, deed

338

facio, facere, feci, factus

make, do
verb 3

339

fallo, fallere, fefelli, falsus

decieve, cheat, escape one's notice
verb 3

340

fama, famae f

rumour, fame, glory
noun 1

341

familia, familiae f

family, household
noun 1

342

faveo, favere, favi + what

favour, support
verb 2
+dat

343

felix, felicis
adj

fortunate, happy, prosperous

344

femina, feminae f

woman

345

fere

nearly, about

346

fero, ferre, tuli, latus

bear, carry, say

347

ferox, ferocis

fierce, cruel, brave

348

ferrum, ferri n

iron, sword

349

festino, festinare, festinavi

hurry
verb 1

350

fidelis, fidele

trustworthy, faithful, loyal

351

fides, fidei f

trust, faith, confidence, loyalty
noun 5

352

fido, fidere, fisus sum

trust, rely upon
verb semi-dep

353

filia/ filius
filiae f/filii m

daughter

354

finis, finis m

end, boundary, pl. territory
noun 3

355

fio, fieri, factus

become, be made, happen

356

flumen, fluminis n

river
noun 3

357

flamma, flammae f

blaze, flame, passion
noun 1

358

fodio, fodere, fodi, fossus

dig
verb 3

359

foedus, foederis n

treaty, agreement
noun 3

360

fortasse

perhaps

361

forte

by chance

362

fortis, forte

brave, strong, bold

363

fortuna, fortunae f

fate, luck, fortune (good or bold)
noun 1

364

forum, fori n

forum, market place
noun 2

365

fossa, fossae f

ditch, trench

366

frango, frangere, fregi, fractus

break, crush
verb 3

367

frater, fratris m

brother
noun 3

368

frigus, frigoris n

cold
noun 3

369

frumentum, frumenti n

corn, grain
noun 2

370

equitis m (gen)

knight, horseman; (pl) cavalry
noun 3

371

frustra

in vain

372

fuga, fugae f

flight, escape
noun 1

373

fundo, fundere, fudi, fusus

pour, shed, rout
verb 3

374

furor, furoris m

rage, fury, madness, passion
noun 3

375

gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum

rejoice
verb 2

376

gaudium, gaudii n

joy, delight
noun 2

377

gen, gentis f

race, tribe, people, family
noun3

378

genus, generis n

race, descent, birth, kind
noun 3

379

gero, gerere, gessi, gestus

bear, wear, wage war, manage
verb 3

380

gladius, gladii m

sword
noun 2

381

gratia, gratae f

favour, thanks, esteem
noun 1

382

gratias ago

thank, give thanks

383

gravis, grave
adj

heavy, serious, painful, important

384

habeo, habere, habui, habitus

have, hold, consider
verb 2

385

habito, habitare, habitavi, habitatus

live, dwell
verb 1

386

hasta, hastae f

spear
noun 1

387

heri

yesterday

388

haud

not

389

hic, haec, hoc

this

390

fugio, fugere, fugi

flee, run away from, avoid
verb 3

391

hic

here

392

hiems, hiemis f

winter, storm
n 3

393

hinc

from here, hence, henceforth

394

hodie

today

395

honor, honoris m

honour, esteem, glory
noun 3

396

hiberna, hibernorum n pl

winter quarters
n 2

397

hora, horae f

hour

398

hortor, hortari, hortatus sum

urge, encourage
veb 1 dep

399

hospes, hospitis m

guest, host
noun 3

400

iam

now, already

401

homo, hominis m

man, person
n 3

402

hostis, hostis m

enemy
noun 3

403

huc

here, to this place

404

humus, humi f

ground, earth
noun 2

405

iaceo, iacere, iacui

lie
vebr 2

406

non iam

no longer

407

ibi

there, then

408

idem, eadem, idem

the same

409

idoneus, idonea, idoneum
adj

suitable, convenient

410

igitur

therefore, and so

411

iacio, iacere, ieci, iactus (in compound -icio)

throw
verb 3

412

ignis, ignis m

fire
noun 3

413

ignoro, ignorare, ignoravi, ignoratus

do not know, be ignorant, misunderstand
veeb 1

414

ille, illa, illud

that, he, she, it

415

illic

there

416

impedio, impedire, impedivi, impeditus

delay, hinder, prevent
verb 4

417

imperator, imperatoris m

emperor, general, leader
noun 3

418

impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatus + dat

order, command
vebr 1

419

impetus, impetus m

attack, impulse
noun 4

420

in + abl

in,on

421

in + acc

into, onto, against, towards

422

incendium, incendii m

fire
noun 2

423

incendo, incendere, incendi, incensus

burn, set on fire, inflame, rouse
verb 3

424

incipio, incipere, incepi, inceptus

begin
verb 3

425

incito, incitare, incitavi, incitatus

urge on, arouse, encourage
venr 1

426

inde

from there, thereupon, next

427

infero, inferre, intuli, inlatus/illatus

inflict, bring to, cause, carry against
verb irreg

428

signa inferre

attack, charge

429

bellum inferre

make war on

430

infra

below

431

ingenium, ingenii n

character, ability
noun 2

432

ingens, ingentis
adj

huge

433

ingredior, ingredi, ingressus sum

enter, undertake
veb 3 dep

434

inimicus, inimici m

personal enemy
noun 2

435

iniquus, iniqua, iniquum
adj

unfair, unjust, unfavourable

436

initium, initii n

beginning
noun 2

437

initium, initii n

beginning

438

iniuria, iniuriae f

injustice, injury, wrong
n 1

439

inopia, inopiae f

shortage, lack, poverty
verb 1

440

imperium, imperii n

command, power, empire
noun 2

441

imquam, inquit, inquiunt

say

442

insidiae. insidiarum f pl

ambush, trap, trick

443

insignis, insigne
adj

distinguished, glorious

444

inspicio, inspicere, inspexi, inspectus

look at, inspect, examine
vebr 3

445

instruo, instruere, instruxi, instructus

draw up, prepare. equip. supply
verb 3

446

insula, insuale f

island

447

intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectus

understand, perceive, realise
vebr 3

448

inter, intra + acc
preposition

between, among, inside, within

449

interea, interim

meanwhile, in the meantime

450

interficio, interficere, interfeci, interfectus

kill
v 3

451

intro, intrare, intravi, intratus

enter
verb 1

452

invenio, invenire, inveni, inventus

find, discover
verb 4

453

invito, invitare, invitavi, invitatus

invite
venr 1

454

invitus, invita, invitum
adj

unwilling, reluctant

455

ipse, ipsa. ipsum

-self

456

ira, irae f

anger

457

iratus, irata, iratum

angry

458

is, ea, id

this, that, he, she, it

459

ita

in this way, so, thus

460

ita vero

yes

461

itaque

and so, therefore

462

iter, itineris n

journey, march, way
nou 3

463

iterum

again

464

iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussus

order, command
ven 2

465

iudex, iudicis m and f

judge, juror
noun 3

466

iungo, iungere, iunxi, iunctus

join, unite, fasten
verb 3

467

iustus, iusta, iustum
adj

right, just, lawful, complete

468

iuvenis, iuvenis
noun and adj

young man, young

469

iuvo, ivare, iuvi, iutus

help
verb 1

470

labor, laboris m

work, toil, trouble
noun 3

471

labor, labi, lapsus sum

glide. slip, fall
verb 3 dep

472

laedo, laedere, laesi, laesus

hurt, injure, harm
vebr 3

473

laetus, laeta, laetum

happy, glad

474

latus, lata, latum
adj

wide, broad

475

latus, lateris n

side, wing
noun 3

476

laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatus

praise

477

laus, laudis f

praise, honour. credit
noun 3

478

legatus, legati m

(legionary) commander, envoy, ambassador
noun 2

479

lego, legere, legi, lectus

read, choose

480

lentus, lenta, lentum
adj

slow

481

levis, leve
adj

light, slight

482

lex, legis f

law
noun 3

483

libens, libentis
adj

willing, glad

484

liber, libri m

book
noun 2

485

liberi, liberorum m pl

children
noun 2

486

libero, liberare, liberavi, liberatus

set free
verb 1

487

libertas, libertatis f

freedom,
noun 3

488

libertus, liberti m

freedman, ex-slave
noun 2

489

laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratus

work, toil, be in difficulty

490

licet, licere, licuit + dat

it is allowed

491

littera, litterae f (pl with sing meanign)

letter
noun 1

492

litus, litoris. n

sea-shore, beach
noun 3

493

locus, loci m

place, position, situation, opportunity
noun 2

494

longus, longa, longum

long

495

loquor, loqui, locutus sum

speak, talk
verb 3 dep

496

lux, lucis f

light, day light,
noun 3

497

magister, magistri m

teacher, master
noun 2

498

magnus, magna, magnum
adj

big, large, great

499

magis

more, rather

500

malo, malle, malui

prefer

501

malus, mala, malum

evil, bad

502

mando, mandare, mandavi, mandatus

commit, entrust, command
vebr 1

503

mane
advebr

in the morning, early

504

maneo, manerem mansi

remain, stay
verb 2

505

manus, manus f

hand, band
n 4

506

mare, maris n

sea
noun 3

507

mater, matris f

mother
noun 3

508

medius, media, medium

middle of

509

mens, mentis f

mind
noun 3

510

mensis, mensis m

month

511

mercator, mercatoris m

merchant
noun 3

512

metus, metus f

fear
n 4

513

magnopere
adverb

very much, greatly

514

meus, mea, meum

my

515

miles, militis m

soldier
noun 3

516

minor, minari, minatus + dat

threaten
verb 1 dep

517

mirabilis, mirabile
adj

strange, wonderful

518

miser, misera, miserum
adj

miserable, wretched, sad

519

mitto, mittere, misi, missus

send, throw. let go
verb 3

520

modo

just now, only

521

modus, modi m

manner, way, kind

522

moenia, moenium n pl

city walls, city

523

moneo, monere, monui, monitus

warn, advise, teach
verb 2

524

mons, montis m

mountain
noun 3

525

monstro, monstrare, monstravi, monstratus

show, point out, indicate, instruct
verb 1

526

morbus, morbi m

sickness, disease
noun 2

527

morior, mori, mortuus sum

die
veb 3 dep

528

mors, mortis f

death
n. 3

529

moror, morari. moratus sum

delay
vebr 1 dep

530

mora, morae f

delay

531

mos, moris m

habit, custom, (pl) character, morals
noun 3

532

moveo, movere, movi, motus

verb 2
move

533

mox

soon

534

mulier, mulieris f

woman
noun 3

535

multitudo, multitudinis f

crowd, multitude
noun 3

536

multus, multa, multum
adj

much, many

537

munio, munire, munivi, munitus

fortify, defend, guard
v 4

538

munus, muneris n

service, duty, present
noun 3

539

murus, muri m

wall, rampart
noun 2

540

muto, mutare, mutavi, mutatus

change, alter
verb 1

541

nam

for

542

narro, narrare, narravi, narratus

tell, relate
ven 1

543

miror, mirari, miratus sum

wonder at, admire
vern 1 dep

544

nascor, nasci, natus sum

am born
verb 3 dep

545

natura, naturae f

nature
n 1

546

nauta, nautae m

sailor
1

547

navigo, navigare, navigavi

sail
verb 1

548

navis, navis f

ship
noun 3

549

navis longa

warship

550

navis oneraria

merchant ship

551

-ne

intro ques

552

ne

lest, and not

553

nec, neque

and not, nor, neither

554

necesse
adj

necessary

555

neco, necare, necavi, necatus

verb 1
kill

556

neglego, neglegere, neglexi, neglectus

neglect, disregard
verb 3

557

nego, negare, negavi, negatus

say that..not, deny, say no, refuse
berb 1

558

negotium, negotii n

business
noun 2

559

nemo, nullius

no one, nobody
noun irreg

560

nescio, nescirem nescivi

not know
verb 4

561

nihil

nothing

562

nisi

unless, if not, except

563

nobilis, nobile
adj

noble, famous

564

noceo, nocere, nocui +dat

hurt, harm
verb 2

565

nolo, nolle, nolui

not want, be unwilling, refuse
verb irreg

566

nomen, nominis n

name
noun 3

567

non

not

568

nondum

not yet

569

nonne?

surely?

wants answer yes

570

nonnulli, nonnullae, nonnulla
adj

some, several

571

nos, nostrum

we, us

572

noster, nosta, nostrum

our

573

notus, nota, notum

known, well-known, famous

574

novi, notus

know
verb 3

575

novus, nova, novum

new, fresh, recent

576

nox, noctis f

night
noun 3

577

noctu

by night

578

nullus, nulla, nullum

no, none, not any
adj

579

num

surely...not, whether

wants answer no

580

numerus, numeri m

number
noun 2

581

numquam

never

582

nunc

now

583

nuntio, nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatus

announce, report
verb 1

584

nuntius, nuntii m

messenger. news, message
noun 2

585

ob + acc

because of, on account of

586

obliviscor, oblivisci, oblitus sum

forget
verb 3 dep

587

obses, obsidis m and f

hostage
noun 3

588

obsideo, obsidere, obsedi, obsessus

besiege, blockade
verb 2

589

obviam eo, ire, i(v)i, + dat

meet, go to meet, oppose, resist

590

occasio, occasionis f

opportunity, occasion
noun 3

591

occido, occidere, occedi, occisus

kill
verb 3

592

occupo, occupare, occupavi, occupatus

seize, take possession of, occupy
verb 1

593

oculus, oculi m

eye
noun 2

594

odi, odisse

hate

595

odium, odii n

hatred
noun 2

596

odio est + dat

be hated by

597

offero, offerre, obtuli, oblatus

present, offer

598

officium, officii n

duty, task, function
noun 2

599

olim

once, formerly, one day

600

omitto, omittere, omisi, omissus

negect, disregard, make no mention of
verb 33

601

omnis, omne

all, every
Adj

602

ominino

altogether, at all, entirely

603

onus, oneris n

burden, load
noun 3

604

opera, operae f

work, effort, attention, trouble
noun 1

605

operam do

i take pains, give attention (to)

606

oportet, oportere, oportuit

be necessary, ought, must
verb 2 impersonal

607

oppidum, oppidi n

town
noun 2

608

opportunus, opportuna, opportunum

suitable, opportune
adj

609

opprimo, opprimere, oppressi, oppressus

overwhelm, crush, weigh down,
verb 3

610

oppugno, oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatus

attack
verb 1

611

(ops), opis f

help; pl resources, riches
noun 3

612

opus, operis n

work, toil, construction
noun 3

613

opus est, esse, fuit + abl

there is need (of)

614

ora, orae f

coast
noun 1

615

oratio, orationis f

speech
noun 3

616

ordo, ordinis m

rank, order, line
noun 3

617

orior, oriri, ortus sum

rise, start, originate
verb 4 dep

618

orno, ornare, ornavi, ornatus

adorn, decorate, provide, equip
verb 1

619

oro, orare, oravi, oratus

beg
verb 1

620

os, oris n

mouth, face
noun 3

621

ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentus

show, point out, indicate
verb 3

622

otium, otii n

leisure, idelness, peace
noun 2

623

paene

almost, nearly

624

palam

openly

625

par, paris
adj

equal

626

parco, parcere. peperci + dat

spare
v 3

627

parens, parentis m and f

parents; pl relations
noun 3

628

pareo, parere, parui + dat

obey
verb 2

629

pario, parere, peperi, partus

win, aquire, gain, secure
verb 3

630

paro, parare, paravi, paratus

prepare, provide
verb 1

631

pars, partis f

part, some, direction
noun 3

632

parvus, parva, parvum

small
adj

633

passim

in all directions, far and wide

634

passus, passus m

pace
noun 4

635

mille passus

mile

636

pater, patris m

father,
noun 3

637

patior, pati, passus sum

suffer, endure, allow
verb 3 dep

638

patria, patriae f

homeland, native land
noun 1

639

pauci, paucae, pauca
adj pl

few. a few

640

paulatim

gradually, little by little

641

paulisper

for a short time

642

paulum, paulo

a little, somewhat

643

pauper, pauperis

poor
adj

644

pax, pacis f

peace
noun 3

645

pecunia, pecuniae f

money
noun 1

646

pedes, peditis m

infantry
noun 3

647

pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsus

drive. push, rout
verb 3

648

per + acc

through, throughout, along

649

perdo, perdere, perdidi, perditus

destroy, lose
verb 3

650

pereo, perire, perii

die, perish, be ruined
verb irreg

651

perficio, perficere, perfeci, perfectus

bring about, complete, perfect
verb 3

652

periculum, perculi n

danger
noun 2

653

peritus, perita, peritum + gen or abl

skilled (in)

654

permitto, permittere, permisi, permissus

hand over, entrust, permit, allow
veb 3

655

persuadeo, persuadere, persuasi + dat

persuade, convince
verb 2

656

perterritus, perterrita, perterritum
adj

very frightened

657

pervenio, pervenire, perveni

reach, arrive
verb 4

658

pes, pedis m

foot
noun 3

659

peto, petere, petivi, petitus

seek, ask for, make for, attack
vebr 3

660

pilum, pili n

javelin noun 2

661

placet, placere, placuit + dat

it pleases, suits,it is resolved
verb 2 impersonal

662

plebs, plebis f

the people, common people
noun 3

663

plenus, plena, plenum

full, filled
adj

664

plerique, pleraeque, pleraque
adj

most, the majority

665

poena, poenae f

punishment, penulty
noun 1

666

poenas do

pay the penulty, am punished

667

polliceor, polliceri, pollicitus sum

promise
veb 2 dep

668

pono, ponere, posui, positus

put, place, set up (camp)
verb 3

669

pons, pontis m

bridge
noun 3

670

populus, populi, m

people, nation
noun 2

671

porta, portae f

gate
noun 1

672

porto, portare, portavi, portatus

carry, bear, take

673

portus, portus m

harbour, port
noun 4

674

posco, poscere, poposci

demand, ask for
verb 3

675

possum, posse, potui

can, be able

676

post + acc

behind, after

677

post
adverb

afterwards, nect

678

postquam

after, when

679

postea

afterwards. next

680

postremus, postrema, postremum

last

681

postridie

on the next day

682

postulo, postulare, postulavi, postulatus

demand, ask
verb 1

683

potens, potentis
adj

powerful

684

potestas, potestatis f

power, authority, opportunity
noun 3

685

potior, potiri, potitus sum + gen or abl

seize, get possession of
verb 4

686

potius

rather, more

687

praebeo, praebere, praebui, praebitus

veb 2
provide, give, show, offer

688

praeda, praedae f

booty, plunder

689

praemium, praemii n

prize, reward
noun 2

690

praeficio, praeficere, praefeci, praefectus

put in charge of
verb 3

691

praesidium, praesidii n

protection, garrison, fortification
noun 2

692

praesum, praeesse, praefui + dat

be in charge of

693

praeter + acc

beyond, except, besides

694

praeterea

besides, moreover, in addition

695

praetor, praetoris m

praetor (acted as judge or governor)
noun 3

696

precor, precari, precatus sum

pray, pray to, beg
verb 1 dep

697

pretium, pretii

price, value

698

primus, prima, primum
adj

first, chief

699

princeps, principis m

emperor, cheif, cheiftain
noun 3

700

prior, prioris
adj

previous, former

701

prius

before, previously

702

priusquam

before, until

703

pro + abl

in front of, for, on behalf of, in return for

704

procedo, procedere, processi

advance, proceed
verb 3

705

procul

far away, distant

706

prodo, prodere, prodidi, proditus

betray, surrender
verb 3

707

proelium, proelii n

battle

708

proficiscor, proficisci, profectus sum

set out, depart
verb 3 dep

709

progredior, progredi, progressus sum

advance, proceed
verb 3 dep

710

promitto, promittere, promisi, promissus

promise
verb 3

711

prope + acc

near

712

propter + acc

on account of, because of

713

provincia, provinciae f

province
noun 1

714

proximus, proxima, proximum
adj

nearest, next, last

715

publicus, publica, publicum
adj

public, common

716

pudor, pudoris m

shame, modesty, honour, disgrace
noun 3

717

puer, pueri m

boy n 2

718

pugna, pugnae f

fight, battle

719

pugno, pugnare, pugnavi

fight

720

punio, punire, punivi, punitus

punish
bebr 4

721

puto, putare, putavi, putatus

think, consider, reckon
veb 1

722

quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus

seach for, ask for, ask, inquire
vebr 3

723

qualis, quale?

what sort of

724

quam adverb

how, than, as

725

quam + superlative

as...possible

726

quamquam

although

727

quando?

when?

728

quantus, quanta. quantum?

how big? how much?

729

quaesi

as if, just as, nearly

730

queror, queri, questus sum

complain
verb 3 dep

731

qui, quae, quod

who, which, that

732

quia

because

733

quidam, quaedam, quoddam

one, a certain, some

734

quidem

indeed, in fact, however

735

ne...quidem

not...even

736

quies, quietis f

rest, peace, quiet
noun 3

737

quis, quid?

who? what? any

738

quisquam, quicquam

anyone, anything

739

quisque, quaeque, quidque

each, each one, every

740

quisquis, quicquid

whoever, whatever

741

quo?

where to?

742

quoad

as long as, until

743

quod

because, (as to) the fact that

744

quod si

but if

745

quomodo?

how? in what way?

746

quoniam

since

747

quoque

also, too

748

quot?

how many?

749

quotiens?

how often? as often as

750

rapio, rapere, rapui, raptus

seize, grab, carry off, plunder
verb 3

751

ratio, rationis f

account, reckoning, manner, reason
noun 3

752

recens, recentis

recent, fresh
adj

753

recipio, recipere, recepi, receptus

regain, recieve, welcome
verb 3

754

me recipio

retreat, withdraw

755

recito, recitare, recitavi, recitatus

recite, read aloud
verb 1

756

rectus, recta, rectum

straight, direct, right, proper
adj

757

reddo, reddere, reddidi, redditus

give back, restore, hand over, make
verb 3

758

redeo, redire, redii

return, go back, come back

759

refero, referre, rettuli, relatus

bring back, report, refer

760

pedem/me refero

retreat

761

reficio, reficere, refeci, refectus

repair, restore, refresh
verb 3

762

regina, reginae f

queen

763

regnum, regni n

kingdom, reign, rule
noun 2

764

rego, regere, rexi, rectus

rule, direct,
vebr 3

765

regredior, regredi, regressus sum

go back, return
verb 3 dep

766

relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictus

leave, leave behind, abandon
vebr 3

767

reliquus, reliqua, reliquum
adj

the rest of, the other

768

repente

suddenly

769

res, rei f

thing, affair, matter, business
noun 5

770

res publica, rei publicae f

state, republic

771

resisto, resistere, restiti + dat

resist, oppose

772

respondeo, respondere, respondi, responsus

answer, reply
veb 2

773

responsum, responsi n

answer, reply
noun 2

774

restituo, restituere, restitui, restitutus

restore, give back
verb 3

775

retineo, retinere, retinui, retentus

hold back, restrain, keep
verb 2

776

rex, regis m

king noun 3

777

ripa, ripae f

bank

778

rogo, rogare, rogavi, rogatus

ask, ask off
verb 1

779

rumpo, rumpere, rupi, ruptus

break, burst, break through
veb 3

780

rursus

back, again

781

rus, ruris n

country
noun 3

782

sacerdos, sacerdotis m and f

priest, priestess
noun 3

783

saepe

often

784

saevus, saeva, saevum

savage, cruel

785

salus, salutis f

health, safety, greeting
noun 3

786

saluto, salutare, salutavi, salutatus

greet, salute verb 1

787

sanguis, sanguinis m

blood
verb 3

788

sapiens, sapientis
adj

wise, sensible

789

sapientia, sapientiae f

wisdom, good sense
noun 1

790

satis

enough

791

scelus, sceleris n

crime, wickedness
noun 3

792

scio, scire, scivi, scitus

know,
verb 4

793

scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptus

write
veb 3

794

scutum, scuti.n

sheild
noun 2

795

se, sui

himself, herself, itself, themselves

796

secundus, secunda, secundum

following, next, second, favourable
adj

797

sed

but

798

sedes, sedis f

seat, temple, home
noun 3

799

semel

once

800

semper

always

801

senator, senatoris m

senator

802

senatus, senatus m

senate
noun 4

803

senex, senis m

old man
noun 3

804

sententia, sententiae f

opinion, judgment, sentance

805

sentio, sentire, sensi, sensus

feel, notice, hear, judge
verb 4

806

sequor, sequi, secutus sum

follow, pursue, attend
verb 3 dep

807

servo, servare, servavi, servatus

save, protect, keep
verb 1

808

sic

thus, in this way

809

sicut

just as, like, as, as if

810

signum, signi n

sign, signal, standard
noun 2

811

silentium, silentii m

silence
noun 2

812

silva, silvae f

wood, forest

813

simulis, simule
adj

similar, like

814

simul

at the same time, together

815

simulac, simulatque

as soon as

816

sine + abl

without

817

sinister, sinistra, sinistrum
adj

left, on the left, unfavourable

818

sinistra, sinistrae f

left hand, left side

819

sino, sinere, sivi, situs

allow, permit
verb 3

820

sive, seu

or if, whether

821

socius, socii m

ally, comrade, companion
niun 2

822

sol, solis m

sun, sunlight
noun 3

823

soleo, solere, solitus sum

be accustomed
verb 2 semi-dep

824

solum

only

825

solus, sola, solum
adj

alone, only, alone

826

solvo, solvere, solvi, solutus

loose, pay
vebr 3

827

navem solvo

set sail

828

somnus, somni m

sleep
noun 2

829

sonus, soni m

noise, sound
noun 2

830

soror, sororis f

sister
noun 3

831

spatium, spatii m

interval, space, distance noun 2

832

specto, spectare, spectavi, spectatus

look at, watch
verb 1

833

sperno, spernere, sprevi, spretus

despise, reject, scorn
verb 3

834

spero, sperare, speravi, speratus

hope, expect
verb 1

835

spes, spei f

hope
noun 5

836

spolium, spolii n

booty, spoil(s)
noun 2

837

statim

at once, immediately

838

statuo, statuere, statui, statutus

fix, determine, decide, arrange
verb 3

839

sto, stare, steti

stand, stand firm verb 1

840

studium, studii n

eagerness, study, devotion
noun 2

841

stultus, stulta, stultum

stupid, foolish

842

sub + abl or + acc

under, beneath; upto

843

subito

suddenly

844

sum, esse, fui

be

845

summus, summa, summum
adj

highest, greatest, top (of)

846

sumo, sumere, sumpsi, sumptus

take, take up
verb 3

847

supero, superare, superavi, superatus

overcome, overpower
verb 1

848

supersum, superesse, superfui

be left, remain, survive
irreg

849

superus, supera, superum,

upper, higher,

850

sugo, surgere, surrexi

get up, stand up, rise
verb 3

851

suscipio, suscipere, suscepi, susceptus

take up, undertake, begin, bear
verb 3

852

suspicor, suspicari, suspicatus sum

mistrust, suspect
veb 1 deo

853

suus, sua, suum

his (own), her (own), its (own), their (own)

854

tacitus, tacita, tacitum
adj

quiet, silent, in silence

855

talis, tale

such

856

tam

so

857

tamen

however, nevertheless, yet

858

tandem

at last, finally

859

tango, tangere, tetigi, tactus

touch
verb 3

860

tantum

only

861

tantus, tanta, tantum

so great, such a great, so much

862

tectum, tecti n

roof, house
noun 3

863

tego, tegere, texi, tectus

cover, protect, hide
verb 3

864

telum, teli n

weapon, javelin, missile

865

tempestas, tempestatis f

weather, storm, time
noun 3

866

templum, templi n

temple

867

tempus, temporis. n

time
noun 3

868

teneo, tenere, tenui, tentus

hold, keep, maintain
verb 2

869

tergum, tergi n

back, rear
ver2

870

terra, terrae f

ground, land, earth

871

terreo, terrere, terrui, territus

frighten
berb 2

872

terror, terroris m

terror, panic
noun 3

873

timeo, timere, timui

fear, be afraid
veb 2

874

timor, timoris m

fear, anxiety
noun 3

875

tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatus

raise, lift up, remove, destroy
verb 3

876

tot

so many

877

totus, tota. totum

the whole, entire, all

878

trado, tradere, tradidi, traditus

hand over, entrust, hand down, surrender
vebr 3

879

traho, trahere, traxi, tractus

pull, drag, draw
verb 3

880

trans + acc

across, over

881

tristis, triste
adj

sad, gloomy, grim

882

tu, tui

you (sing)

883

tum

then, next

884

tumultus, tumultus m

uproar, disturbance, civil war
noun 4

885

turba, turbae f

crowd, mob, disturbance, multitude
noun 1

886

tutus, tuta, tutum
adj

safe

887

tuus, tua, tuum

your

888

ubi

where? where, when

889

ubique

everywhere

890

ullus, ulla, ullum

any

891

ultimus, ultima, ultimum
adj

furthest, last, utmost

892

umquam

ever

893

una

together

894

unda, undae f

wave
noun 1

895

undique

from all sides, on all sides

896

urbs, urbis f

city, town, Rome noun 3

897

usque

all the way, right up to, continuously

898

usus, usus m

use, experience, practice
noun 4

899

usui est

it is useful

900

ut + indic

as, where, when, how

901

ut + sub

that, so that

902

uter? utra? utrum?

which (of two)?

903

uterque, utraque, utrumque

each (of two), both

904

utrum

whether

905

utor, uti, usus sum + abl

use, enjoy
verb 3 dep

906

uxor, uxoris f

wife
noun 3

907

valeo, valere, valui

be strong, have influence
verb 2

908

validus, valida, validum
adj

strong, powerful

909

-ve

or

910

vehementer

violently, loudly, strongly

911

veho, vehere, vexi, vectus

carry, bear, convoy
verb 3

912

vel

or, either

913

velut

just as, like, as, as if

914

venio, venire, veni

come
verb 4

915

ventus, venti m

wind
noun 2

916

verbum, verbi n

word
noun 2

917

vereor, vereri, veritus sum

fear, be afraid
verb 2 dep

918

vero

indeed, in fact, however

919

verto, vertere, verti, versus

turn
verb 3

920

terga verto

retreat

921

verus, vera, verum
adj

true, real

922

vesper, vesperis or vesperi m

evening
noun 2+3

923

vester, vestra, vestrum

your

924

vestis, vestis f

clothes
noun 3

925

veto, vetare, vetui, vetitus

forbid, order...not
verb 1

926

vetus, veteris
adj

old

927

via, viae f

street, way, road, path

928

victor, victoris m

victor, conqueror
noun 3

929

victoria, victoriae f

victory

930

video, videre, vidi, visus

see
veb 2

931

videor, videri, visus sum

seem, appear, be seen

932

villa, villae f

country-house, estate, farm
noun 1

933

vinco, vincere, vici, victus

conquer, defeat, win, be victorious
vebr 3

934

vir, viri m

man, husband
noun 2

935

virtus, virtutis f

courage, virtue noun 3

936

vis, pl vires f

force, violence; pl strength, forces
noun irreg

937

vita, vitae f

life noun 1

938

vito, vitare, vitavi, vitatus

avoid

939

vivo, vivere, vixi

live, be alive, (+abl) live on
verb 3

940

vivus, viva, vivum
adj

alive, living

941

vix

hardly, scarcely, with difficulty

942

voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatus

call, summon, invite, name
verb 1

943

volo, velle, volui

want, wish, be willing, intend

944

vos, vestrum

you (pl)

945

vox, vocis f

voice. shout, word
noun 3

946

vulno, vulnerare, vulneravi, vulneratus

wound, injure
veb 1

947

vulnus, vulneris n

wound, injury
noun 3

948

vultus, vultus m

face, expression
noun 4