Flashcards in Associated Clinical Sciences Deck (76):
Tylenol; An antipyretic analgesic that causes liver damage (Hepatotoxic) ((irreversible liver damage))
An absorbent; treats poisonings and overdoses following oral ingestion; binds poison and prevents absorption by the GI tract
Decreases xanthine oxidase activity; used to treat chronic gout
A stimulant used to treat narcolepsy and ADHD
Sleeping pills can produce respiratory depression
Used to treat anxiety, side effect is termors; muscle relaxant
Given for hypertension and arrhythmias; blocks epinephrine and norepinephrine
Cellular effecta od carboxy hemoglobin; associated with blue mucous membranes and cherry red lips.
A drug used to treat schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
Used to treat acute symptomatic gout
An anticoagulant medication
Used to increase cardiac contractility (antiarrhythmic agent); overdose can cause a heart block.
Best substance to remove lead from blood chelation therapy
A substance that makes you vomit; if toxic substance is taken by mouth normally then use an emetic to get rid of it (don't use with gasoline).
Don't vomit up something up that's colosive.
Used in the treatment of anaphylactic shock
Removable of stomach contents via a pump followed by a saline rinse in order to eliminate poisons from the stomach; contraindications include corrosive substances, hydrocarbons, or poisons with effective antidote.
Haloperidol is used to treat psychotic disorders (conditions that cause difficulty telling the difference between things of ideas that are real and things or ideas that are not real). Haloperidol is also used to control motor tics and verbal tics in adults and children who have Tourette's disorder.
Blue gums; produces basophilic stippling of the RBS's; seen among those who work in battery factories, with lead paint and in soil and water; affects the central nervous system; causes insomnia, delirium, tremors, cognitive deficits, convulsions and iron deficiency anemia.
A drug used to treat bi-polarity that produces tremors
Wood alcohol; CNS depressant; used in plastics, plywood, paints, explosives, highly toxic.
Are used to treat episodes of angina in people who have coronary artery disease.
Used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, some eating disorders (serrotonin uptake inhibitor), and panic attacks
Aspirin. Causes bleeding; inhibits prostaglandins, & associated with deafness & Reye's syndrome.
Ringing in ears; deafness = acetylsalicylic Acid (Asprin)
Treats depression (Prozac, Zoloft, Celexa, Lexapro)
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor
Pesticide; causes muscular convulsions.
Syrup of Ipecac
An anticoagulant; vitamin K antagonist; increases clotting time
Caused by inhalation of asbestos dust. Leads to mesothelioma.
Caused by iron dust.
Caused by cotton dust (textile workers).
Caused by glass, Sand/Stone dust (pottery). Light bulb makers, Granite workers
Measured in pregnant women using maternal blood or amniotic fluid as a screening test for a subset of developmental abnormalities: it is principally increased in open neural tube defects and decreased in Down Syndrome.
Deficient in Vitamin D and Iron
(Deficient in what vitamin and what mineral?)
First breast milk
Painful menses (1° increased prostaglandin. 2° from pathology i.e. endometriosis)
Thinning of the cervix
Decent of the fetal skull to he level of the ischial spines
Excessive nausea and vomiting during pregnancy
The most commong surgical procedure for the diagnosis and treatment of Endometriosis
The baby drops into the pelvis 2 weeks before delivery and produces lower abdominal pain.
Dark streak down the midline of the abdomen seen during pregnancy
Vaginal discharge after delivery and throughout the puerperium; 1st red (*asked recently), 2nd yellow, 3rd white.
1st menstrual cycle
Pain in abdomen at ovulation
Period of time after the delivery of the placenta to the complete involution of the organs; infection during this time is referred to as Puerperal Sepsis.
1st perception by the mother of fetal life
Identifies the fetal position (cm) in relation to the spines of the Ischium
Blueish discoloration of the vagina
Softening of the tip of the cervix
Softening of the isthmus of the uterus
Enlargement of the uterus near the uterine tube over the site of implantation
(Ectopic Pregnancy: MC location = Fallopian tubes
Brown hyperpigmentation of the face/mask of pregnancy
Chloasma Aka Melasma
Herniation of the urinary bladder into the vagina
A toxemia of pregnancy cause by hypertension leading to convulsions (pre exlampsia with convulsions)
Palpable nodules in breast after ovulation with regression after menses (overweight diabetic women).
* Painful, bilateral, tiny (worse w/ ovulation & caffine)
Fibrocystic Breast Disease
Toxemia of pregnancy with the following signs. HEP: Hypertension, Edema, Proteinuria.
Pre-eclampsia = Nephrotic syndrome (HEP [Hypertension, elevated BP, Proteinuria])
Herniation of the rectum into the vagina; "collapsed pouch" along the posterior vaginal wall.
Uterine contractions during labor and milk let down (ejection) following delivery.
Responsible for milk production
From the 1st meaningful contraction to the full dilation of the cervix to 10 centimeters; longest stage
The release of the mucous plug during the first stage of labor
From full dilation of the cervix to delivery of the baby
From delivery of the baby to delivery of the placenta (most dangerous to mother).
3rd: Placental Delivery
A period of time from delivery of the placenta to several hours when the tone of the uterus is established and the uterus contracts expelling any remaining contents.
Low lying placenta with partial obstruction of the interal os
Normally placed, detaches from site; spontaneous abortion/premature separation
(*What's worse for baby?)
Does not separate after delivery (*Which ones worse for mom?)
Heart rate (pulse), repiratory rate, color (appearance), muscle tone (grimace), reflex activity
*Birth weight is NOT included; taken @ 1 min & 5 min
A disorder on the autism spectrum (milder form)
Food poisoning produced by honey, corn syrup, and molasses in newborn
Baby's head has an unusual shape due to swelling of the scalp; considered benign.
Bedwetting. Adjust sacrum (S2, S5, S4)
Protein malnutrition (ascites)