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Flashcards in Associated Clinical Sciences Deck (76):
1

Tylenol; An antipyretic analgesic that causes liver damage (Hepatotoxic) ((irreversible liver damage))

Acetaminophen

2

An absorbent; treats poisonings and overdoses following oral ingestion; binds poison and prevents absorption by the GI tract

Activated Charcoal

3

Antiviral (herpes)

Acyclovir

4

Decreases xanthine oxidase activity; used to treat chronic gout

Allopurinol

5

A stimulant used to treat narcolepsy and ADHD

Amphetamine

6

Sleeping pills can produce respiratory depression

Barbiturates

7

Used to treat anxiety, side effect is termors; muscle relaxant

Benzodiazepine

8

Given for hypertension and arrhythmias; blocks epinephrine and norepinephrine

Beta Blockers

9

Cellular effecta od carboxy hemoglobin; associated with blue mucous membranes and cherry red lips.

Carbon Monoxide

10

A drug used to treat schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders

Chlorpromazine

11

Used to treat acute symptomatic gout

Colchicine

12

An anticoagulant medication

Dicumerol

13

Used to increase cardiac contractility (antiarrhythmic agent); overdose can cause a heart block.

Digitalis

14

Best substance to remove lead from blood chelation therapy

EDTA

15

A substance that makes you vomit; if toxic substance is taken by mouth normally then use an emetic to get rid of it (don't use with gasoline).

Don't vomit up something up that's colosive.

Emetic

16

Used in the treatment of anaphylactic shock

Epinephrine

17

Removable of stomach contents via a pump followed by a saline rinse in order to eliminate poisons from the stomach; contraindications include corrosive substances, hydrocarbons, or poisons with effective antidote.

Gastric lavage

18

Haloperidol is used to treat psychotic disorders (conditions that cause difficulty telling the difference between things of ideas that are real and things or ideas that are not real). Haloperidol is also used to control motor tics and verbal tics in adults and children who have Tourette's disorder.

Haldol

19

Blue gums; produces basophilic stippling of the RBS's; seen among those who work in battery factories, with lead paint and in soil and water; affects the central nervous system; causes insomnia, delirium, tremors, cognitive deficits, convulsions and iron deficiency anemia.

Lead Poisoning

20

A drug used to treat bi-polarity that produces tremors

Lithium

21

Wood alcohol; CNS depressant; used in plastics, plywood, paints, explosives, highly toxic.

Methanol

22

Are used to treat episodes of angina in people who have coronary artery disease.

Nitroglycerine

23

Used to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, some eating disorders (serrotonin uptake inhibitor), and panic attacks

Prozac

24

Aspirin. Causes bleeding; inhibits prostaglandins, & associated with deafness & Reye's syndrome.

Ringing in ears; deafness = acetylsalicylic Acid (Asprin)

Salicylates

25

Treats depression (Prozac, Zoloft, Celexa, Lexapro)

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor

26

Pesticide; causes muscular convulsions.

Strychnine

27

Induces vomiting

Syrup of Ipecac

28

An anticoagulant; vitamin K antagonist; increases clotting time

Warfarin/Coumadin

29

Caused by inhalation of asbestos dust. Leads to mesothelioma.

Asbestosis

30

Caused by iron dust.

Siderosis

31

Caused by cotton dust (textile workers).

Byssinosis

32

Caused by glass, Sand/Stone dust (pottery). Light bulb makers, Granite workers

Silicosis

33

Measured in pregnant women using maternal blood or amniotic fluid as a screening test for a subset of developmental abnormalities: it is principally increased in open neural tube defects and decreased in Down Syndrome.

Alpha Fetoprotein

34

Deficient in Vitamin D and Iron

(Deficient in what vitamin and what mineral?)

Breast Milk

35

First breast milk

Colostrum

36

Painful menses (1° increased prostaglandin. 2° from pathology i.e. endometriosis)

Dysmenorrhea

37

Thinning of the cervix

Effacement

38

Decent of the fetal skull to he level of the ischial spines

Engagement

39

Excessive nausea and vomiting during pregnancy

Hyperemesis Gravidarum

40

The most commong surgical procedure for the diagnosis and treatment of Endometriosis

Laparoscopy

41

The baby drops into the pelvis 2 weeks before delivery and produces lower abdominal pain.

Lightening

42

Dark streak down the midline of the abdomen seen during pregnancy

Linea Nigra

43

Vaginal discharge after delivery and throughout the puerperium; 1st red (*asked recently), 2nd yellow, 3rd white.

Lochia

44

1st menstrual cycle

Menarche

45

Pain in abdomen at ovulation

Mittelschmerz

46

Period of time after the delivery of the placenta to the complete involution of the organs; infection during this time is referred to as Puerperal Sepsis.

Puerperium

47

1st perception by the mother of fetal life

Quickening

48

Identifies the fetal position (cm) in relation to the spines of the Ischium

Station

49

Blueish discoloration of the vagina

Chadwick's sign

50

Softening of the tip of the cervix

Goodell's Sign

51

Softening of the isthmus of the uterus

Hegar's sign

52

Enlargement of the uterus near the uterine tube over the site of implantation

(Ectopic Pregnancy: MC location = Fallopian tubes

Piskacek's sign

53

Brown hyperpigmentation of the face/mask of pregnancy

Chloasma Aka Melasma

54

Herniation of the urinary bladder into the vagina

Cystocele

55

A toxemia of pregnancy cause by hypertension leading to convulsions (pre exlampsia with convulsions)

Eclampsia

56

Palpable nodules in breast after ovulation with regression after menses (overweight diabetic women).

* Painful, bilateral, tiny (worse w/ ovulation & caffine)

Fibrocystic Breast Disease

57

Toxemia of pregnancy with the following signs. HEP: Hypertension, Edema, Proteinuria.

Pre-eclampsia = Nephrotic syndrome (HEP [Hypertension, elevated BP, Proteinuria])

Pre-eclampsia

58

Herniation of the rectum into the vagina; "collapsed pouch" along the posterior vaginal wall.

Rectocele

59

Uterine contractions during labor and milk let down (ejection) following delivery.

Oxytocin

60

Responsible for milk production

Prolactin

61

From the 1st meaningful contraction to the full dilation of the cervix to 10 centimeters; longest stage

1st: Dilation

62

The release of the mucous plug during the first stage of labor

Bloody show

63

From full dilation of the cervix to delivery of the baby

2nd: Expulsion

64

From delivery of the baby to delivery of the placenta (most dangerous to mother).

3rd: Placental Delivery

65

A period of time from delivery of the placenta to several hours when the tone of the uterus is established and the uterus contracts expelling any remaining contents.

4th: Stabilization

66

Low lying placenta with partial obstruction of the interal os

Praevia

67

Normally placed, detaches from site; spontaneous abortion/premature separation

(*What's worse for baby?)

Abruptio

68

Does not separate after delivery (*Which ones worse for mom?)

Accreta

69

Heart rate (pulse), repiratory rate, color (appearance), muscle tone (grimace), reflex activity

*Birth weight is NOT included; taken @ 1 min & 5 min

Apgar Score

70

A disorder on the autism spectrum (milder form)

Asperger's syndrome

71

Food poisoning produced by honey, corn syrup, and molasses in newborn

Botulism

72

Baby's head has an unusual shape due to swelling of the scalp; considered benign.

Caput Succedeum

73

Bedwetting. Adjust sacrum (S2, S5, S4)

Enuresis

74

Protein malnutrition (ascites)

Kwashiorkor

75

General malnutrition

Marasmus

76

Prevents hemorrhage in newborns

Vitamin K