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Flashcards in ATP Deck (11):
1

What is energy?

The ability to do work

2

What is ATP used for

Used in cells
Metabolism
Movement
Active transport
Maintenance,repair and division of cells
Production of substances
Maintains body temperature

3

What is ATP made of

Adenosine ( a base)
Ribose ( a pentose sugar)
3 phosphate groups

4

What is the formula for ATP


ATP ----> ADP+ P i

5

What is the enzyme which catalyses the hydrolysis of ATP to ADP

ATPase

6

What does hydrolysis mean

The chemical break down of a substance due to a reaction with water

7

What enzyme makes ADP form ATP

ATP synthase

8

What are the other types of phosphorylation

Phosphorylation
Photosphorylation
Oxidative phosphorylation
Substrate level phosphorylation

9

What are the advantages of ATP

Instant source of energy within the cell
Releases energy in SMALL amounts as needed
It is a mobile and transports chemical energy where it is needed in the cell
Universal energy carrier can be made in many different chemical reactions

10

What is the important point you need for the second mark

It can transfer energy to other molecules by transferring one of it's phosphate groups too make them unstable (i.e. Lower activation energy)

11

ATP facts

Immediate source of energy
Cannot be stored
Cells only contain a few seconds supply
Has to be continually remade in the mitochondria