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Flashcards in Attitudes to Jews and others Deck (16)
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1

What was the Nazis' radical beliefs?

Aryans were the master race chosen by God and that some races were sub-human. This meant that they were entitled to seize land.

2

What was the idea that German scientists believed in?

Eugenics

3

What is Eugenics?

The idea that people with disabilities or social problems were degenerates whose genes needed to be eliminated from the human bloodline.

4

Aryan race pure, many groups were prevented from reproducing. What is this called?

Sterilisation

5

When did the Nazis first use concentration camps?

March 1933

6

Who was the concentration camps intended for?

Homosexuals, prostitutes, Jehovah's Witnesses, gypsies, alcoholics, pacifists, beggars, hooligans and criminals.

7

Why did the Hitler hate Jews?

He held the Jews responsible for the loss of WW1 which a popular theory that Germany had been “stabbed in the back” by the Jews took hold.

8

What happened in during the April boycott in 1933?

SA officers actively encouraged Germans to avoid entering Jewish places of work and many Jewish shops were vandalised.

9

When was the Nuremberg Laws introduced?

15 September 1935

10

How did the Nuremberg Laws legalised anti-Semitism into the Nazi state?

Jewish people were denied the right to be German citizens, marriage and relationships between Jewish people and Germans became illegal and taking away from Jews all civil and political rights.

11

What rights were denied in 1938 for Jews?

Jewish people were banned from becoming doctors, Jewish children were denied education and banned from schools, jewish men had to add ‘Israel to their name, women had to add ‘Sarah’.

12

When did the Kristallnacht happen?

9 November 1938

13

What caused the Kristallnacht to happen?

A jew assassinated the German ambassador in
France.

14

What was the Kristallnacht?

The SS organised attacks on Jewish homes, businesses and synagogues. Almost 100 Jewish people were killed and 30,000 were sent to concentration camps.

15

How was the events of Kristallnacht seen as a turning point?

Jews had diminishing rights compared to normal German citizens however jews have not been physically attacked so when Jewish homes, businesses and synagogues were burned, they realised that their time was up.

16

What other rights were denied in 1939 for jews?

Jewish people were banned from owning businesses.
The first ghettos (segregated housing within towns, with a controlled entrance and exit) were opened in Eastern Europe to separate Jewish people from ‘ordinary’ citizens.