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Flashcards in Autonomic NS Deck (62):
0

The splanchnic component of the ans innervates all of the following except?

Striated muscle

1

There are at least two neurons, which interpose between the central to somatic effectors T/F?

true

2

Axons of the primary neurons of the ans are usually unmyelenated and pass to the peripheral ganglia T/F?

False

3

The disproportion between preganglionic and postganglionic neurons is lesser in the parasympathetic system than the sympathetic T/F?

True

4

The disproportion between pre ganglionic and postganglionic nuerons of the parasympathetic is?

1:15-20

5

What has the greatest disproportion between preganglionic and postganglionic neurons?

sympathetic NS

6

The visceral afferent paths resemble somatic efferent (afferent?) paths. T/F

False

7

The parasympathetic preganglionic efferent fibers emerge through all of the following except?

The first sacral nerve

8

The sympathetic preganglionic efferent fibers appear through all thoracic and first, second and/or third lumbar spinal nerves, which is known as _________ out flow.

Thoracolumbar

9

What nerves are included in the symp preganglioniic efferent fibers outflow?

T1-T12, L1-L3

10

The enteric NS contains all of the following reflex pathways except?



STRIATED MUSCLE CONTRACTION
digestive enzyme secretion
peristalsis reflex
blood flow

11

All of the following carries mylenated preganglionic parasympathetic axons except?

facial nerve
ACCESSORY CRANIAL NERVE
third sacral spinal nerve
TRIGEMINAL NERVE

12

All of following are peripheral ganglia of the cranial part of the parasympathetic system, except?

otic ganglion
GENICULAR GANGLION
submandibular ganglion
ciliary ganglion

13

Name the nerve which carries postganglionic parasympathetic fiber to the constrictor pupillae.

Short ciliary nerve

14

Name the nerve which carries facial preganglionic parasympathetic fibers from the main facial trunk?

Chorda tympani

15

Name the two branches of the facial nerve which carry preganglionic parasympathetic fibers.

Chorda tympani and greater pretrossal

16

Which of the following nerves mainly carries the preganglionic parasympathetic fibers from the main facial nerve trunk to the lacrimal gland?

posterior auricular nerve
chorda tympani
GREATER PETROSSAL NERVE
nerve to the stapedius

17

Name the branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve which carries preganglionic parasympathetic fibers.

Tympanic nerve

18

Which of the following ganglia is not a peripheral ganglion for the cranial parasympathetic nerve?

GENICULAR GANG
otic gang
submandibular gang
pterygopalatine gang

19

The pulmonary branch of the vagus nerve is a bronchodilator. T/F

False

20

The pelvic splanchnic nerves supply vasodilator fibers to all of the follwing except? corpora cavernosa, corpus spongiosum, glans of the penis, prepuce

Prepuce

21

Name the branch of the facial nerve which carries preganglionic parasympatheitic efferent fibers to control the small glands in the nasal cavity, palate, and nasal sinuses above the oral cavity?

Greater petrossal

22

Name the branch of the facial nerve which carries pregang parasymp efferent fibers to control the salivary glandand lingual glands below the oral cavity

Chorda tympani

23

NAme the branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve which carries parasympathetic efferent fibers to the parotid gland.

tympanic nerve

24

The ratio of preganglionic neurons to post ganglionic neurons in the sympathetic NS is?

1:196

25

The sympathetic NS innervates all of the following except? sweat glands, ciliary body, constrictor pupillae, arrectors pilorum.

Constrictor pupillae

26

Name the spinal cord segment where the somata of pregang sympathetic fibers arise.

T1-T12, L1-L3

27

What is the size in diameter of the axons of the white ramus communicant?

1.5 u to 4u

28

How many white rami communicans arise from the thoracic spinal nerve?

12 pairs

29

The sympathetic pregang fibers pass in the ventral spinal root as myelanated fiber. T/F

True

30

The postganglionic sympathetic fibers return to the spinal nerves through the (white/grey) rami communicans

grey

31

Most peripheral spinal nerves contain postganglionic parasympathetic fibers. T/F

false

32

Peripheral autonomic activity is integrated at the brainstem which includes all of the following EXCEPt? limbic system, thalamus, hypophysis, hypothalamus

hypophysis

33

To reach the sympathetic ganglion, the preganglionic sympathetic fibers behave as the follwing EXCEPT?
A:they synapse to nearest ganglion
B:they transverse to the nearest ganglia to reach the celiac ganglion to synapse
C:they transverse to the nearest ganglia and ascend or descend in the sympathetic chain to reach another ganglion for synapse.
D: they transverse the sympathetic chain gali and reach the effector organ and synapse.

D

34

The internal carotid plexus communicated laterally with all of the following EXCEPT.
pterygopaltine ganglion
ciliary ganglion
tympanic branch of glossopharyngeal nerve
abducent nerve

ciliary ganglion

35

name the nerve which sends vasomotor rami to the hypophysis cerebri

internal carotid plexus

36

Name the artery on which the right and left sympathetic systems connects eachother in the cranial cavity.

internal carotid artey

37

Name the sympathetic nerve which supplies the carotis body and pharyngeal plexus.

laryngopharyngeal branches

38

the largest sympathetic cardiac nerve arises from the ______ganglia.

Middle cervical ganglion

39

Name the sympathetic nerve which supplies the otic ganglion and the genicular ganglion.

Anterior branches of the superior cervical

40

Name the ganglia which sends branches to enclose the vertebral artery.

Middle cervical

41

Name the spinal cord segments which send the pregang sympathetic fibers to the head and neck

T1-T5

42

Name the sympathetic nerve which loops the first part of the subclavian artery.

Cervico thoracic

43

The thoracic sympathetic trunk passes through the ______to become the lumbar sympathetic trunk

Crus of the diaphragm

44

The thoracic sympathetic trunk passes through or posterior to all of the following structures except?
Med arcuate ligament
lateral arcuate lig
right crus of diaphragm
left cruz of diaphragm

Lateral arcuate ligament

45

The grater splanchnic nerve is formed by branches from the T5-T9 or T10 ganglia. TF

True

46

Name the thoracic sympathetic ganglia which form the lesser splanchnic nerve.

T9-T10

47

The lowest splanchnic nerve enters the abdominal cavity thorugh?

the crus of the diaphragm

48

How many lumbar sympathetic ganglia are in the human body on each side?

4

49

All of the following are correct description of the lumbar sympathetic ganglia and trunk except.
locared in retroperitoneal space
located anterolateral to the lumbar vertebra
located along the lateral margin of psoas major
superiorly it is posterior to the medial arcuate ligament

located on the lateral side of psoas major (should be medial).

50

The first lumbar splanchnic nerve joins the following plexuses except.
celiac plexus
intermesenteric plexus
renal plexus
superior hypogastric plexus

superior hypogastric plexus

51

Name the nerve which joins the hypogastric nerve from the lumbar sympathetic chain ganglia

4th lumbar

52

Name the artery on which the lower lumbar splanchnic nerves form a plexus.
common illiac artery
internal illiac artery
external illiac artery
obturator nerve

common illiac artery

53

the pelvic sympathetic trunk is located medial to the ventral sacral foramina. T/F

TRue

54

Which of the folowing is not a correct description of the pelvic sympathetic truck with its ganglia?
It sends grey rami communicantes to the sacral and coccygeal spinal nerves
it lies laterally to the ventral sacral foramina
it has four or five interconnected ganglia
inferiorly the right and left trunk converge to the ganglion impar

it lies laterally to the ventral sacral foramina

55

The ganglion impar is part of the parasymapthetic nervous system. TF

false

56

The heart receives sympathetic fibers from?
T1-5
T10-L2
T9-10
T8-L1

T1-T5

57

The segmental sympathetic nerves to the kidneys are?
T11-L2
T11-T12
T1-T5
T10-L1

T10-L1

58

Name the two interconnected ganglionated plexuses in the enteric NS

Myenteric and submucosal plexuses

59

The submucosal plexus extend from _________to the______.

Stomach to the internal anal spinctner

60

Which of the following extends from the stomach to the internal anal sphincter in the enteric NS
Celiac plexus
intermesenteric plexus
submucosal plexus
myenteric plexus

Submucosal plexus

61

What do the enteric sensory neurons monitor?

Wall tension and intestinal content