Flashcards in AXIAL SKELETON: Thorax Deck (16)
What is the Anterior median line?
Indicates the intersection of the median plane with the anterior thoracic wall
What is the Midclavicular line?
Pass through the midpoints of the clavicles, parallel to the anterior median line
What is the Anterior axillary line?
Runs vertically along the anterior axillary fold, which is formed by the border of the pectoralis major as it spans from the thorax to the humerus (arm bone)
*lateral anterior side of thorax
What is the Midaxillary line?
Runs from the apex (deepest part) of the
axilla, parallel to the anterior axillary line
*between the anterior and posterior axillary line
What is the Posterior axillary line?
Parallel to the anterior axillary line, is drawn vertically along the posterior axillary fold
formed by the latissimus dorsi and teres major muscles as they span from the back to the humerus
*lateral posterior side of the thorax
What is the Sternal angle?
Is a palpable landmark that lies at the level of the second pair of costal cartilages
What are the costal margins?
Formed by the medial borders of the 7th–
10th costal cartilages, are easily palpable where they extend
inferolaterally from the xiphisternal joint
What is the Sternal Joints?
1. Anteroposterior displacement for respiration
What is the Manubriosternal joint?
1. Is symphysis (secondary cartilaginous joint) between manubrium and body of the sternum
*At the level of the 2nd costal cartilage and posteriorly at the T4-T5 disc
What is the Sternocostal joints?
1. Are the articulation of the sternum with the first seven cartilages. 2. The sternum (manubrium) forms synchondrosis with the first costal cartilage, whereas the second to seventh costal cartilages form synovial plane joints with the sternum
*Used for gliding movements for respiration (due to plane joint)
What is the Interchondral joints?
1. 6th to 9th are synovial plane joints
2. 9th to 10th are Fibrous joints
What are Costochondral joints?
1. Are synchondrosis in which the ribs articulate with their respective costal cartilages
2. No movement!
What are 2 joints of the costal head?
1. Intrarticular ligament
2. Radiate ligament
*Tightly connect the head of the rib to the vertebral body at the inferior and superior costal facet
(except: 1st, 10th to 12th ribs articulate with a single vertebra; no intra-articular ligament)
*Allows only gliding movements
What is the Costotransverse joints?
1. Is synovial plane joint of tubercle of rib with transverse process of corresponding vertebra
*strengthened by costotransverse ligaments
*Allow only gliding movement
What is the relationship between joints of the costal head and the costotransverse joints?
1. Move simultaneously and in the same direction
2. Slight gliding movement; determined by the shape and direction of the articular surfaces