B4- Nutrition Flashcards Preview

IGCSE Coordinated Science 2016-2017 > B4- Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in B4- Nutrition Deck (22)
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1

Carbohydrates

Made up of sugars, simple sugars make up starch and glycogen, necessity for energy,

2

Fats

Made up of fatty acids, fatty acids make glycerol and fats, important in insulation

3

Proteins

Made up of amino acids, important in growth, repair, and make up many organs within the body

4

Test for Starch

Iodine

5

Test for Reducing Sugars

Benedict's Solution

6

Test for Protein

Biuret Solution

7

Test for Fats

Ethanol

8

Vitamin C Importance

Important Protein in Growth and Repair

9

Vitamin D Importance and Deficiency

Important in absorbing calcium and promoting bone growth

10

Fibre Importance

Can lower blood glucose and blood cholesterol, aids in constipation

11

Vitamin C Deficiency

Scurvy

12

Vitamin D Deficiency

Rickets

13

Calcium Importance

Important muscle contraction, transmitting messages through the nerves, and the release of hormones

14

Iron Importance

Important component of hemoglobin

15

Water Importance

Important in cells, organs, and tissues to help regulate their temperature and maintain other bodily functions

16

Calcium Deficiency

Hypocalcemia

17

Iron Deficiency

Anemia

18

Nutrition

The taking in of nutrients which are organic substances and mineral ions, containing raw materials or energy for growth and tissue repair, absorbing and assimilating them

19

Photosynthesis

The fundamental process by which plants manufacture carbohydrates from raw materials using energy from light

20

Word Equation for the Production of Simple Sugars and Oxygen

Carbon Dioxide + Water --> Simple Sugars and Oxygen

21

Balanced Equation for Photosynthesis

6CO2 + 6H2O--light + chlorophyll--> C6H12O6 + 6O2

22

Function of the Distribution of Chloroplasts in a Dicotyledonous Leaf

Photosynthesis