Bacteria Vs. Viruses Flashcards Preview

Science Class Maroon7 > Bacteria Vs. Viruses > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bacteria Vs. Viruses Deck (30):
1

What bacteria causes strep throat?

Streptococcus

2

What are the oldest life forms on Earth?

Archaebacteria

3

What type of bacteria causes food poisoning?

Salmonella

4

What part of the bacteria cell helps it stick to surfaces?

Pilus

5

Name two foods that bacteria help make.

Cheese and Yogurt

6

What does decompose mean?

To break down food for energy

7

What is the control center of the bacteria cell?

DNA

8

What part of the bacteria cell helps it move?

Flagella

9

Where do Archaebacteria live?

Extreme environments (hot springs)

10

What kingdom do common bacteria belong?

Eubacteria

11

Bacteria or Virus?
Reproduce in the lytic cycle. They must be in a host organism for this to occur.

Virus

12

Bacteria or Virus?
Are prokaryotes. They are classified.

Bacteria

13

Bacteria or Virus?
Are not classified.

Virus

14

Bacteria or Virus?
Diseases include strep throat and botulism.

Bacteria

15

Bacteria or Virus?
Can be killed with antibiotics and can be prevented with vaccines.

Bacteria

16

Bacteria or Virus?
Can spoil food or cause disease

Bacteria

17

Bacteria or Virus?
Can be prevented with vaccines. An antibiotic will NOT kill them.

Virus

18

Bacteria or Virus?
Diseases include measles, mumps and AIDS

Virus

19

True or False:
Robert Hooke was the first person to look in a pond scum and see small organisms which he named animalcules.

False

20

True or False:
Matthias Schleiden described a cell.

False

21

True or False:
Theodor Schwann observed animal tissues and found that all of them were made of cells.

True

22

True or False:
Rudolph Virchow said that all cells only form from other cells.

True

23

What are the three parts to the Cell Theory?

1. All organisms are made of one or more cells.
2. The cell is the basic unit of living things.
3. All cells come from existing cells.

24

Who invented the microscopes?

Anton Van Leeuwenhoek. He was a dutch maker of microscopes.

25

Who was the first person to describe cells?

Robert Hooke. He saw them in a cork and plants. He named them cells because they reminded him of the rooms that monks slept in and they were called cells.

26

Who observed animal tissues and found that all of them were made of cells?

Theodor Schwann

27

Who found that all plants were made of cells?

Matthias Schleiden

28

Who said that all cells only come from other cells?

Rudolph Virchow

29

How many shapes do bacteria come in and what are they?

Bacilli = rod shaped
Spirilla = spiral-shaped
Cocci = spherical
Filamentous = thread-like

30

What are the five parts to the lytic cycle?

1. The virus attaches to the host cell
2. The virus then injects its genetic material inside the host cell
3. The viruses genes instruct the host cell to make new virus parts.
4. The virus parts join to make new viruses
5. The viruses burst out of the host cell killing it and then attaches to other cells and the cycle begins again.