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musical periods > Baroque > Flashcards

Flashcards in Baroque Deck (16):
1

The Baroque period can approximately be dated from ---- to ----.

1600 to 1750

2

Which Baroque composer died in 1750?

J.S. Bach

3

The word Baroque comes from the Portuguese word ------- which literally means -- --------- ------ ----- -- ---------.

Barroco literally means an unusually shaped piece of jewellery.

4

What is the English definition of barroco?

Ornate - it was used to describe detailed 17th century architecture.

5

Quite a lot of Baroque music is -----.

vocal

6

Listen for the use of the ----------- ( called the ----- -------- - this plays the ------- ----.)

Listen for the use of the harpsichord ( called the Basso continuo - this plays the figured bass.)

7

----- and ---- keys were developed.

Major and minor keys were developed.

8

What instrument will not feature in Baroque music and why?

A clarinet - it hadn't been invented.

9

Melodies were ---- -------- and ------- with much -------------.

Melodies were well balanced and flowing with much ornamentation.

10

Writing was mainly ---------- and ------ and ------- form was popular. ------ were written.

Writing was mainly polyphonic and binary and ternary form was popular. Operas were written.

11

Throughout the baroque period the --------- evolved and grew. By the mid 1600's the -------- was one of the most popular forms of music.

Throughout the Baroque period the orchestra evolved and grew. By the mid 1600's the concerto was one of the most popular forms of music.

12

The tempo was ---------- throughout a piece.

The tempo was consistent throughout a piece.

13

What was a concerto?

A soloist or a small ensemble of soloists playing in opposition to the orchestra, creating a contrast of texture and volume.

14

What was a suite?

A suite was a set of dances, contrasting in their style.

15

Composers of the baroque period included

Henry Purcell , Antonio Vivaldi , J.S Bach and George Frederic Handel.

16

Forms and ensembles of the Baroque period included

Suite, Fugue, Aria, concerto, concerto grosso, oratorio, trio sonata and recitative ( in opera).