Basic Medical Abbreviations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Basic Medical Abbreviations Deck (106):
1

AAA

Abdominal aortic aneurysm;

Ballooning and weakened area in artery

2

A Fib

Atrial fibrillation;

Irregular often rapid heartbeat

3

Abd

Abdomen; abdominal

4

Abx

Antibiotics

5

AMA

Against medical advice;
Example: patient leaves hospital against doctor’s advice

6

AMS

Altered mental status;

Confusion, amnesia, disorientation

7

ASA

Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)

Blood thinner and NSAID

8

BID

Twice daily

9

Bilat LE

Bilateral lower extremities (hip to toes)

10

BM

Bowel movement

11

BP

Blood pressure

12

CA

Cancer / carcinoma

13

CABG

Coronary artery bypass graft (open heart surgery)

14

CAD

Coronary artery disease/ heart disease

15

CT or CAT

Computerized assisted tomography

16

CHF

Congestive heart failure

17

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (includes bronchitis and emphysema)

18

CP

Chest pain

19

CPR

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

20

C-section

Caesarean section

21

C-spine

Cervical spine (neck)

22

CSF

Cerebral spinal fluid

23

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident (stroke) /
Costovertebral angle (between 12th rib and vertebral column) Tenderness sign of kidney stones

24

CXR

Chest X-Ray

25

c/o

Complains of

26

DKA

Diabetic ketoacidosis (body produces excess blood acids / ketones)

27

DM

Diabetes Mellitus (high blood glucose)

28

DNR

Do not resuscitate (allow for natural death)

29

DOE

Dyspnea on exertion
(Difficulty breathing when engaged in simple activity)

30

DVT

Deep venous thrombosis (blood clot in deep vein)

31

DX

Diagnosis

32

Dz

Disease

33

EKG/ECG

Electrocardiogram

34

EtOH

Alcohol

35

FHx

Family history

36

Fx

Fracture

37

GI

Gastrointestinal

38

G / P / Ab

Gravida: pregnant
Para: live births (greater than 29 weeks) twins and triplets count as one birth each
Abortion

39

GSW

Gun shot wound

40

GU

Genitourinary (related to genital and urinary organs)

41

HA

Headache

42

HEENT

Head, eyes, ears, nose, throat

43

HPI

History of present illness

44

HTN

Hypertension

45

Hx

History

46

H&H

Hemoglobin and hematocrit (ratio of volume of RBCs to total volume of blood)

47

H&P

History of present illness and physical exam

48

I&D

Incision and drainage

49

IDDM

Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus; pancreas produces little or no insulin

50

IUP

Intrauterine pregnancy; first trimester sized baby seen in the uterus

51

IVDA

IV Drug Abuse

52

JVD

Jugular vein dissension (JVP visualizer at level of neck; higher than normal)

53

LLE

Left lower extremity

54

LLQ

Left lower quadrant

55

LNMP

Last normal menstrual period

56

LOC

Loss of consciousness

57

LP

Lumbar puncture (fluid from lower back taken)

58

L-Spine

Lumbar spine

59

LUE

Left upper extremity

60

LUQ

Left upper quadrant

61

MCA

Motorcycle accident

62

MI

Myocardial infarction

63

MVA / MVC

Motor vehicle accident / collision

64

N/A

Not applicable

65

NAD

Not acute distress; no acute disease

66

NIDDM

Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (insulin resistant)

67

NKDA

No known drug allergies

68

Nml or nl

Normal

69

NSAID

Non steroidal anti inflammatory drug
Reduces pain, decrease fever, prevent blood clots

70

NSR

Normal sinus rhythm (normal heart beat 69-100

71

NTG

Nitroglycerin; heart medication to treat and prevent angina

72

N/V/D

Nausea/ vomiting / diarrhea

73

O2 Sat

Oxygen saturation (aka SaO2)

74

OD

Overdosed

75

PCP / PMD

Primary care physician

76

PE

Pulmonary embolism or physician exam (one or more arteries in lungs blocked by blood clot)

77

PERRL

Pupils are equal, round and reactive to light

78

PO

Per Os (by mouth)

79

Prn

As needed

80

Pt

Patient

81

PTA

Prior to arrival

82

PUD

Peptic ulcer disease (sore that develops in lining of esophagus, stomach, small intestine)

83

Qd

Every day

84

Qh

Every hour

85

Qhs

At every bedtime

86

Q2h

Every 2 hours

87

QID

Four times a day

88

RLE

Right lower extremity

89

RLQ

Right lower quadrant

90

RUQ

Right upper quadrant

91

Rx

Prescription

92

R/O

Rule out

93

SOB

Shortness of breath

94

S/P

Status post (after)

95

Sx

Symptoms

96

TIA

Transient ischemic attack (stroke)

97

TID

Three times a day

98

TM

Tympanic membrane

99

T-spine

Thoracic spine

100

Tx

Treatment

101

UA

Urinalysis

102

URI

Urinary respiratory infection

103

US

Ultrasound

104

UTD

Up to date

105

UTI

Urinary tract infection

106

WNL

With normal limits (results are within the range of what is considered normal)