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Flashcards in basic neuropathology Deck (12):
1

diagnose neuropaths

Diagnostic
•Neurosurgical
•CSF cytology
•Muscle & Nerve biopsies
•Ophthalmic pathology
•Autopsy
–Consent (Hospital) PMs
–Medicolegal (Coroner’s & Forensic) PMs
–High risk PMs (eg CJD)

 

Academic
•Research
•Teaching

 

cels can be found in LB

2

all brain tumours?

A image thumb
3

grading?

All CNS tumours graded (WHO I - IV)

 

Low Grade
–Well defined
–Slow growing
–Lack necrosis, mitoses, microvascular proliferation
•High Grade
–Diffusely infiltrative
–Rapidly growing (Ki67 proliferation index)
–Necrosis, many mitoses, vascular proliferation

4

geneic alterations in astrocytomas?

A image thumb
5

types of staiing for demntia?

silver stain, thioflavine S stain

6

CADASIL

CADASIL (cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy) is the most common form of hereditary stroke disorder, and is thought to be caused by mutations of the Notch 3 gene on chromosome 19.[1] The disease belongs to a family of disorders called the Leukodystrophies. The most common clinical manifestations are migraine headaches and transient ischemic attacks or strokes, which usually occur between 40 and 50 years of age, although MRI is able to detect signs of the disease years prior to clinical manifestation of disease.[2][3]#

 

 

CADASIL may start with attacks of migraine with aura or subcortical transient ischemic attacks or strokes, or mood disorders between 35 to 55 years of age. The disease progresses to subcortical dementia associated with pseudobulbar palsy and urinary incontinence.
Ischemic strokes are the most frequent presentation of CADASIL, with approximately 85% of symptomatic individuals developing transient ischemic attacks or stroke(s). The mean age of onset of ischemic episodes is approximately 46 years (range 30–70). A classic lacunar syndrome occurs in at least two-thirds of affected patients while hemispheric strokes are much less common. Notably, ischemic strokes typically occur in the absence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Recurrent silent strokes, with or without clinical strokes, often lead to cognitive decline and overt subcortical dementia.

7

wernickes encephalopathy result of?

vitamin b1 defiieny

8

tumor cell lineage grading

GFAP antibody (grades astrocytic tumour)

9

molecular genetics of astrocytomas?

oligodendroglioma & 1p19q deletion

10

pilocytic astrocytoma?

Pilocytic astrocytoma (I)
• Slow growing
• Well defined
• Surgically curable
• No adjuvant treatment
• Normal life expectancy

11

glioblastoma?

Glioblastoma (IV)
• Rapidly growing
• Poorly defined
• Inoperable
• Palliative adjuvant
treatment
• >80% dead within 1 year

12