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Flashcards in BasicDrugsEverything Deck (203):
1

What is the brand name of Midazolam

Versed

2

What is the brand name of Lidocaine

Xylocaine

3

What is the brand name of Fentanyl

Sublimaze

4

What is the brand name of Morphine

Morphine

5

What is the brand name of Hydromorphone

Dilaudid

6

What is the brand name of Meperidine

Demerol

7

What is the brand name of Naloxone

Narcan

8

What is the brand name of Propofol

Diprivan

9

What is the brand name of Etomidate

Amidate

10

What is the brand name of Ketamine

Ketalar

11

What is the brand name of Succinylcholine

Anectine

12

What is the brand name of Rocuronium

Zemuron

13

What is the brand name of Vecuronium

Norcuron

14

What is the brand name of Cisatracurium

Nimbex

15

What is the brand name of Neostigmine

Prostigmin

16

What is the brand name of Glycopyrrolate

Robinul

17

What is the brand name of Atropine

Atropine

18

What is the brand name of Epinephrine

Adrenaline

19

What is the brand name of Ephedrine

Ephedrine

20

What is the brand name of Phenylephrine

Neosynephrine

21

What is the brand name of Esmolol

Brevibloc

22

What is the brand name of Metoprolol

Lopressor

23

What is the brand name of Labetalol

Normodyne

24

What is the brand name of Nitroglycerin

Nitroglycerin

25

What is the brand name of Hydralazine

Hydralazine

26

What is the brand name of Ondansetron

Zofran

27

What is the brand name of Droperidol

Inapsine

28

What are the cautions of Morphine

depression of ventilation, PONV, pruritis (itching)

29

What are the cautions of Hydromorphone

depression of ventilation

30

What are the cautions of Meperidine

neurotoxic

31

What are the cautions of Naloxone

N/V, pain, tachycardia, increased SNS

32

What are the cautions of Propofol

bacterial growth, soy/egg allergy, hypotension, HTN

33

What are the cautions of Etomidate

myoclonus, PONV, pain on injection

34

What are the cautions of Ketamine

emergence delirium

35

What are the cautions of Succinylcholine

malignant hypothermia, myalgia

36

What are the cautions of Neostigmine

BLUDS, PONV, hypotension

37

What are the cautions of Ephedrine

tachyphylaxis, depletion of norepinephrine

38

What are the cautions of Phenylephrine

reflex bradycardia, increased afterload

39

What are the cautions of Labetalol

beta2 antagonism which causes bronchoconstriction

40

What are the cautions of Ondansetron

may expand Q-T interval

41

What is the concentration of Ketamine

10, 50, 100 mg/ml

42

What is the concentration of Succinylcholine

20 mg/ml (2%)

43

What is the concentration of Rocuronium

10 mg/ml (1%)

44

What is the concentration of Vecuronium

10 mg powder vial reconstituted to 1 mg/ml

45

What is the concentration of Cisatracurium

2 mg/ml (20 mg vial)

46

What is the concentration of Neostigmine

1 mg/ml (0.1%), (0.5 mg/ml)

47

What is the concentration of Glycopyrrolate

0.2 mg/ml

48

What is the concentration of Atropine

0.4 mg/ml

49

What is the concentration of Epinephrine

16 mcg/ml syringe

50

What is the concentration of Ephedrine

5 mg/ml

51

What is the concentration of Phenylephrine

100 mcg/ml

52

What is the concentration of Esmolol

100 mg (10 mg/ml)

53

What is the concentration of Metoprolol

5 mg (1 mg/ml)

54

What is the concentration of Labetalol

5 mg/ml

55

What is the concentration of Nitroglycerin

50, 100, 200 mcg/ml

56

What is the concentration of Hydralazine

20 mg in 1 ml (diluted to various cxn)

57

What is the concentration of Ondansetron

2 mg/ml (4mg)

58

What is the concentration of Droperidol

0.3125 mg/ml

59

What are the contraindications of Midazolam

hepatic disease, elderly, pregnant

60

What are the contraindications of Meperidine

renal disease

61

What are the contraindications of Succinylcholine

burn patients, hyperkalemia, space occupying lesions/open globe injuries

62

What are the contraindications of Labetalol

asthmatics, heavy smokers

63

What are the contraindications of Droperidol

Parkinson's Dis, prolonged QT interval

64

What is the dose of Midazolam

1 - 2.5 mg IV, PO 0.5 mg/kg, IM 0.1-0.15 mg/kg subl. 0.1 mg/kg

65

What is the dose of Lidocaine

0.5 - 1 mg/kg IV

66

What is the dose of Fentanyl

1 - 2 mcg/kg IV

67

What is the dose of Morphine

0.1 - 1 mg/kg IV

68

What is the dose of Hydromorphone

0.5 - 2 mg IV

69

What is the dose of Meperidine

12.5 - 25 mg IV

70

What is the dose of Naloxone

1 - 4 mcg/kg IV

71

What is the dose of Propofol

1 - 2.5 mg/kg IV

72

What is the dose of Etomidate

0.2 - 0.3 mg/kg IV

73

What is the dose of Ketamine

1 - 2 mg/kg IV, 4 - 8 mg/kg IM

74

What is the dose of Succinylcholine

1 - 2 mg/kg IV

75

What is the dose of Rocuronium

0.6 - 1.2 mg/kg IV, 0.1 mg/kg maint.

76

What is the dose of Vecuronium

maint. 0.01 mg/kg

77

What is the dose of Cisatracurium

0.1 - 0.15 mg/kg IV

78

What is the dose of Neostigmine

0.04 - 0.07 mg/kg IV

79

What is the dose of Glycopyrrolate

0.2 mg per 1 mg Neostigmine

80

What is the dose of Atropine

0.4 - 0.6 mg (up to 3 mg)

81

What is the dose of Epinephrine

8 - 16 mcg

82

What is the dose of Ephedrine

5 - 20 mg

83

What is the dose of Phenylephrine

50 - 100 mcg

84

What is the dose of Esmolol

10 mg (0.2 - 0.5 mg/kg)

85

What is the dose of Metoprolol

1 - 2 mg

86

What is the dose of Labetalol

5 mg (0.1 - 0.25 mg/kg)

87

What is the dose of Nitroglycerin

Bolus: 50-100 mcg Infusion: 0.5 - 10 mcg/kg/min

88

What is the dose of Hydralazine

5 - 20 mg

89

What is the dose of Ondansetron

4 mg

90

What is the dose of Droperidol

0.625 mg

91

What is the duration of Midazolam

30 min

92

What is the duration of Fentanyl

30 - 60 min

93

What is the duration of Morphine

3 - 6 hours

94

What is the duration of Hydromorphone

3 - 6 hours

95

What is the duration of Propofol

5 - 10 min

96

What is the duration of Etomidate

5 - 10 min

97

What is the duration of Ketamine

5 - 10 min

98

What is the duration of Succinylcholine

3 - 5 min

99

What is the duration of Rocuronium

20 - 35 min

100

What is the duration of Vecuronium

20 - 35 min

101

What is the duration of Cisatracurium

20 -35 min

102

What is the duration of Neostigmine

30 min

103

What is the duration of Atropine

30 - 60 min

104

What is the duration of Epinephrine

2 - 3 min

105

What is the duration of Ephedrine

10 - 15 min

106

What is the duration of Phenylephrine

2 - 3 min

107

What is the duration of Esmolol

10 - 30 min

108

What is the duration of Metoprolol

+1 hours

109

What is the duration of Nitroglycerin

2 min

110

What is the duration of Hydralazine

6 - 8 hours

111

What is the function of Ketamine

Induction

112

What is the function of Succinylcholine

Paralysis

113

What is the function of Rocuronium

Paralysis

114

What is the function of Vecuronium

Paralysis

115

What is the function of Cisatracurium

Paralysis

116

What is the function of Neostigmine

Relaxant Reversal

117

What is the function of Glycopyrrolate

Prevent BLUDS

118

What is the function of Atropine

^^HR

119

What is the function of Epinephrine

^^HR / ^^BP

120

What is the function of Ephedrine

^ HR / ^BP

121

What is the function of Phenylephrine

Down HR / ^BP

122

What is the function of Esmolol

Down Down HR

123

What is the function of Metoprolol

Down HR

124

What is the function of Labetalol

(Alpha/Beta)Down HR / DownBP

125

What is the function of Nitroglycerin

^ HR / DownBP

126

What is the function of Hydralazine

^ HR / DownBP

127

What is the function of Ondansetron

Treat N/V

128

What is the function of Droperidol

Treat N/V

129

What is the onset of Midazolam

1 min

130

What is the onset of Fentanyl

1 min

131

What is the onset of Morphine

15 - 30 min

132

What is the onset of Hydromorphone

5 min

133

What is the onset of Propofol

30 - 60 sec

134

What is the onset of Etomidate

30 - 60 sec

135

What is the onset of Ketamine

30 - 60 sec, IM 2 - 5 min

136

What is the onset of Succinylcholine

30 sec

137

What is the onset of Rocuronium

1 - 2 min (30 sec high dose)

138

What is the onset of Vecuronium

3 - 5 min

139

What is the onset of Cisatracurium

3 - 5 min

140

What is the onset of Neostigmine

5 - 7 min

141

What is the onset of Atropine

1 min

142

What is the onset of Epinephrine

30 sec

143

What is the onset of Ephedrine

30 sec

144

What is the onset of Phenylephrine

30 sec

145

What is the onset of Esmolol

5 min

146

What is the onset of Nitroglycerin

30 - 60 sec

147

What is the onset of Hydralazine

20 min

148

What is the peak effect of Midazolam

5 min

149

What is the peak effect of Fentanyl

3 - 5 min

150

What is the peak effect of Propofol

60 - 120 sec

151

What is the peak effect of Etomidate

45 - 120 sec

152

What is the peak effect of Ketamine

30 - 120 sec

153

What is the peak effect of Ondansetron

30 min

154

Useful notes on Midazolam

synergy with narcotics, same IV dose regardless of weight

155

Useful notes on Fentanyl

bradycardia > morphine, synergism with benzos, 100x potent as morphine, hemodynamic stability

156

Useful notes on Morphine

often diluted from 10 mg/ml to 1 mg/ml

157

Useful notes on Hydromorphone

not as much PONV as morphine

158

Useful notes on Naloxone

dilute 0.4 mg vial in 10 ml and give 1 ml at a time

159

Useful notes on Propofol

burns on injection, decreases PONV, short duration from redistribution, dose dependent decrease in respirxn, little analgesia

160

Useful notes on Etomidate

cardiovasvular stability, used with bad hearts or HTN

161

Useful notes on Ketamine

nystagmus, prolongs SUX duration

162

Useful notes on Succinylcholine

causes fasciculations, metabloized by plasma cholinesterase, many adverse side effects

163

Useful notes on Rocuronium

increased duration with liver disease and pregnancy, metabolized by liver/kidneys, use TOF for maint and give 1 ml at a time

164

Useful notes on Vecuronium

hardly used for intubation b/c of long onset, use TOF for maint and give 1 ml at a time

165

Useful notes on Cisatracurium

good for renal/hepatic dysfunction, undergoes Hoffman degradation

166

Useful notes on Neostigmine

dosage based on twitch monitor, BLUDS caused at muscarinic cholinergic receptor sites

167

Useful notes on Glycopyrrolate

used specifically to counteract BLUDS, used w/ neostigmine b/c of similar onset/duration, 80 kg pt -> 8.0 -> 4.0 ml neo, 4.0 ml glyco

168

Useful notes on Epinephrine

effects alpha & beta receptors

169

Useful notes on Ephedrine

mainly indirect action by causing NE release

170

Useful notes on Phenylephrine

direct acting binds to alpha receptors, caution w/ bad hearts b/c of increased afterload, no beta effect, occ. combined with glycopyrrolate

171

Useful notes on Esmolol

fast onset/short duration, works only on beta1 receptors of heart which lowers HR/contractility which lowers BP, metabolized by plasma cholinesterase

172

Useful notes on Metoprolol

same effect as Esmolol, but lasts longer

173

Useful notes on Labetalol

beta:alpha antagonism 7:1, vasodilation from blocking alpha1

174

Useful notes on Nitroglycerin

fast onset/short duration, no effect on heart only vasculature, mainly venous side, lowers ventricular wall tension

175

Useful notes on Hydralazine

no effect on heart only vasculature, mainly arterial side, long duration undesirable with blood loss

176

Useful notes on Ondansetron

give 30 min before emergence, have PO version for morning sickness, sometimes pushed with induction for short cases

177

Useful notes on Droperidol

used mainly as a secondary to Zofran

178

What are the uses of Midazolam

anxiolysis, sedation, amnesia

179

What are the uses of Lidocaine

intubation, local, propofol burn, cardiac arrythm

180

What are the uses of Fentanyl

analgesia

181

What are the uses of Morphine

IV, epidural, spinal analgesia

182

What are the uses of Hydromorphone

analgesia

183

What are the uses of Meperidine

Post-op shivering, analgesia

184

What are the uses of Naloxone

opioid overdose, respiratory depression

185

What are the uses of Propofol

induction, sedation, MAC

186

What are the uses of Etomidate

induction, hypnosis

187

What are the uses of Ketamine

induction, analgesia, amnesia

188

What are the uses of Succinylcholine

intubation, paralysis, laryngospasm

189

What are the uses of Rocuronium

paralysis, RSI

190

What are the uses of Vecuronium

paralysis

191

What are the uses of Cisatracurium

paralysis

192

What are the uses of Neostigmine

Nondepolarizing NMB reversal

193

What are the uses of Glycopyrrolate

antisialigogue, NMB reversal

194

What are the uses of Atropine

bradycardia, NMB reversal

195

What are the uses of Epinephrine

^HR/BP, anaphylaxis, bronchospasm

196

What are the uses of Ephedrine

^ HR / ^BP

197

What are the uses of Phenylephrine

^BP, nasal decongestant

198

What are the uses of Esmolol

Down HR

199

What are the uses of Metoprolol

Down HR

200

What are the uses of Labetalol

Control HR and BP

201

What are the uses of Nitroglycerin

Angina, HTN

202

What are the uses of Ondansetron

treat N/V

203

What are the uses of Droperidol

treat N/V