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Flashcards in Basics Deck (31):

How old was Baron Rothschild when taking over Mouton?



In ___ Philippe expanded the Mouton-Rothschild estates with the acquisition of the neighboring Château d'Armailhac. By the late 1930s, the wines of Mouton Rothschild were recognized as among the world's best. 

20 in 1922




The Médoc is overwhelmingly devoted to red wine production: approximately ___ acres in the entire appellation are planted with white grapes. AOP wines must be red



Pauillac AOP is considered classic claret and boasts ___ first growths: ___,____,____ In Pauillac the gravel topsoil of the Haut-Médoc is at its ____ point, and the _______-based wines are structured and long-lived. ___ and ____ represent the pinnacle of Pauillac: _____ produces wines of brooding depth and concentration and _____ emphasizes aromatics and elegance. 

3, Lafite, Mouton, Latour, deepest, Cab Sauv, Lafite, Latour. Latour & Lafite

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The village of Margaux itself rests on ___, ____ gravel deposited over ____, although the croupes in this appellation are typically shallow in comparison with those of ___ or ____

thin, sandy, limestone St Julien and Pouillac

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Château C____e-S___n in Moulis is the most famous estate of either commune.

Chasee Spleen 

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The D___ unearthed g___l m____s (croupes) during their drainage work in the ___0s, and the better châteaux are usually located upon these deeper banks of g____l, primarily located within the communes of S__, P___, S___, L____, M___, and M___

Dutch, Gravel mounds, 1600s, gravel, Saint Stephe Paullica, St Julian, Listrac, Moulis, Margeux


Château Pape Clément is a Bordeaux wine from the _______appellation, ranked among the Crus Classés for red and white wine in the Classification of Graves wine of ____. It is the oldest wine estate in Bordeaux, harvesting its ____ vintage in 2006.[1] The winery and vineyards are located in the commune of ____, south-west of the city of ____. When the estate was omitted from the initial Graves classification of ____ it caused some controversy

Pessac Leognan, 1959, 700th, Pessac, Bordeuax, 1953


Cru Artisan, a designation that has been in use for nearly a_____, was formally recognized in ____. From the 2005 vintage forward, __ small producers throughout the Médoc’s _ appellations have the right to use the designation,

Century and Half, 2002. 44, 8


Apart from the inclusion of Château ___ among the first growths of the Médoc, Graves wines were first classified in ___, with __ additional wines added in 1959. ___ estates are now classified cru classé for red wines and __ for whites

Haut Brion, 1953, 6, 13&9


Who commisioned the 1855 Classification of Bordeux, Carried out by C____s

NApoleon III , Coutiers 

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While sweet whites may be produced throughout Graves as ______, three smaller sweet wine appellations—____,____,_____—are located within the region

Graves Superiur AOP.

Cerons, Barsac, Sauternes


16 châteaux in total are included, although Château L________ (classified for red wine) produced its final vintage in ____, and Château_____ (classified for white wine) produced its final vintage in _____. Both properties now supply fruit for a second red wine and a new white wine under the Château La _______ label

La Tour Haut Brion, 2005.

Laville Haut Brion, 2008.

La Mission Haut Brion.

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The Cru Borg classification was not official until ____, when only ___ châteaux retained their status. Exceptionnel and Cru Bourgeois Supérieur were eliminated in ___. In ___ new legislation passed to reinstate the previously eliminated terms. The terms will appear on labels in ____. The classification will be reviewed every __ years.

2003, 247, 2008, 2018, 2020, 5


Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc, and Muscadelle dominate the basic Bordeaux AOP white blend, while ____ Blanc, ____ Blanc, and C_________d are restricted to a maximum proportion of 30%

Ugni, Merlot, Colombard 

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Cru Bourgeois, an embattled classification originally introduced in ___, divided ___ properties into three categories: Cru Bourgeois ____, Cru Bourgeois______, and Cru _____.

1932, 444, Exceptionelle, superiur, and bourgeois


Cru Artisan estates must be smaller than _ hectares; the list is reviewed every __ years.

5, 10 years


____ lies at the conflux of the C___ and G_____ rivers, and in promising years cool morning mists blow off the Ciron and encounter the warmer waters of the Garonne, producing autumn afternoon humidity perfect for incubating the Botrytis spores.


Cirons, Garonne 

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The only significant change to this classification occurred in ____ after years of tireless self-promotion, ______saw a “monstrous injustice” corrected as Château Mouton-Rothschild was elevated from second growth to first, taking its place among the world’s most expensive wines. 

1973, Baron Phill Rothschild


Overall, the appellation contains a greater diversity of soil types than its northern counterparts, with more ____ in the outlying areas. Margaux has a larger number of classified growths than any other commune (__) and includes ___ first growth, Château Margaux. Although Margaux’s second growths are often underperformers, the third growth Château ___ is an excellent estate, commanding high prices. The wines of Margaux are often described as feminine, with an emphasis on floral bouquet, exotic character and finesse.

Clay, 21, 1, Palmer

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In ___, the communal sub-appellation Pessac-Léognan AOP was created in northern Graves, effectively becoming the prestige appellation for both red and dry white wines while sidelining the producers of the southern Graves. 



The wines of Sauternes were classified alongside those of the Médoc in ____ and were divided ___ and _____, with one château achieving the rank of Premier Cru Supérieur: _____. The château can afford to send its pickers on more than a dozen tries if necessary. will not produce a Sauternes AOP wine in poor years, such as ___ or ____.


1st and 2nd growths


1974, 1992


 _____, known as Pressac on the Right Bank, performs similarly to Merlot in the blend and is infrequently encountered in Bordeaux



Pape Clement, The vineyard area consists of __ hectares, __ of which are planted with grape varieties of 60% Cabernet Sauvignon and 40% Merlot. The remaining plots are cultivated with white varieties of 45% Sauvignon blanc, 45% Sémillon and 10% Muscadelle.[6]

32. 30


Margaux AOP is the ___ communal appellation of the Haut-Médoc and is spread throughout __ villages: So___s, M___x, Ca___c, La___e and Ar___c.

largest, 5,Soussans, Margaux, Cantenac, Labarde and Arsac.

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St-Estèphe AOP is the northernmost commune appellation in ____. The wines are sturdy and full-bodied reds with a slightly higher percentage of ___, due to a higher proportion of clay amongst the gravel.It hosts only ___ classified growths overall. Château C__ d’E___l, a “super-second” growth, is the most notable, making powerful wines in a polished modern style. 

Haut Medoc, Merlot, 5, Cos, D'Estournel

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Saint Julien AOP produces ___ wine than the other communes, but the quality is very good: approximately __% of the AOP is cru classé wine. There are __ first growths,St-Julien has __ second growths, including the “______” of Château L___e L_s C__s and Château D___u-B___u. Both can produce wine on par with premier cru estates. St-Julien reds typically demonstrate an _____ style. 

less, 80, 0, 5, Super Seconds, Leoville Les Cases, Ducru, Beacoullie

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The wines of ____ have a longer history than those of the ____.

Château P___-C___ remains the first identifiable vineyard estate in the region, a papal gift awarded to Bordeaux in ___.

Graves, Medoc 

Pape Clement 1305


In ___, the soil is similar to the Médoc but becomes ___ toward the ____. This mixture of sand, gravel and light clay is known as _____. Unlike the ____ appellations, both red and dry white wines may be labeled as Graves AOP.

Graves, sandier, south. boulbenes

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____ AOP covers five villages: S___s, B___c, F___s, P___c, and B___s.  The grapes are harvested at a minimum must weight of ___ grams per liter, and the finished wines must contains at least __ grams per liter of residual sugar.


Sauternes, Barsac, Fargues, Preignac, Bommes

221, 45


____ is grown in a higher proportion in the _____ than in the Haut-Médoc, as it performs more reliably in the waterlogged, clay-heavy soils of the Bas-Médoc

Merlot, Medoc