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Music Perception and Cognition > Basics of Perception > Flashcards

Flashcards in Basics of Perception Deck (13)
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1

Fields that apply

neurology, psychology, linguistics, music technology, computer science, musical composition, music theory, molecular biology

2

Concepts of Cognition

Attention, Memory, Learning

3

Functions of Perception

Sample info
Organize Sensory Info
Complete missing info
Interpret info based on XP

4

Musical Universals

Conssonance V dissonance, octave similarity, scales, limited number of scale degrees, pitch hierarchy, synchronization

5

Phylogeny

relationships between species

6

Homolgy

traits athat are present in a species because of common ancestry

7

Homoplasy

Similar traits that are not due to a common ancestor (birds and bats can both fly) Dogs and alligators both have four legs

8

Natural selection

adaptation that conveys a survival benefit

9

Sexual Selection

adaptation that conveys a reproductive benefit

10

Exaptation

trait that piggybacks on other adaptation, not an adaptation in an of itself

11

Spandrel

Music the byproduct of other selected adaptations.

12

Null Hypothesis

Work from the assumption that the theory you wish to prove is false, and then build a case such that your null hypothesis is infallibly false

13

Auditory Cheesecake

(PINKER) music is a pleasurable human technology that activates and challenges different cognitive functions. It stimulates helpful and adaptive cognitive processes, but in an of itself is not adaptive