Biodiversity: Unit 1: Classification of living things Flashcards Preview

Grade 7: Term 1: Natural Sciences > Biodiversity: Unit 1: Classification of living things > Flashcards

Flashcards in Biodiversity: Unit 1: Classification of living things Deck (15)
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1

What is biodiversity?

Biodiversity is the word scientists use to describe all the different living things in Earth. All the plants, animals and micro-organisms, and their habitats, make up the biodiversity of the Earth.

2

How many living organisms have scientists identified and named?

About 1,5 Million.

3

How many living organisms have scientists guessed there are on Earth?

About 30 - 50 Million.

4

What is 'classification'?

Classification is grouping organisms that have similar or different qualities. When we group organisms to their similarities, we say that we classify them.

5

Why do we name and classify things?

We name and classify things to organise them and to describe their features and characteristics. It also makes it easier to study them.
For example, we name things so that we can communicate about them. This helps us share our understanding of what they are.

6

How many Kingdoms is living organisms split into?

5.

7

What do the Kingdoms represent?

A very large group of living organisms that are similar in some ways, but different in others.

8

What are the five Kingdoms?

- the Bacteria Kingdom
- the Protista kingdom
- the Fungi kingdom
- the Plant Kingdom
- the Animal Kingdom

9

Fun Activity 2.1
Fill in the blanks!

KINGDOM: Bacteria
EXAMPLES: _______ bacteria, blue - _____ bacteria
LIFE PROCESSES:
Movement:
Some ____ move from place to place
Nutrition:
Some can make their ___ food
Reproduction:
Reproduce by ______ into two

KINGDOM: Bacteria
EXAMPLES: ORDINARY bacteria, blue - GREEN bacteria
LIFE PROCESSES:
Movement:
Some CAN move from place to place
Nutrition:
Some can make their OWN food
Reproduction:
Reproduce by SPLITTING into two

10

Fun Activity 2.2
Fill in the blanks!

KINGDOM: Protista
EXAMPLES: Protozoans, Uni_____ fungi, Uni____ algae
LIFE PROCESSES:
Movement:
Some ____ move from place to place
Nutrition:
Some can make their ___ food
Reproduction:
Reproduce by ______ into 2 or by spores

KINGDOM: Protista
EXAMPLES: Protozoans, UniCELLAR fungi, UniCELLAR algae
LIFE PROCESSES:
Movement:
Some CAN move from place to place
Nutrition:
Some can make their OWN food
Reproduction:
Reproduce by SPLITTING into 2 or by spores

11

Fun Activity 2.3
Fill in the blanks!
KINGDOM: Fungi
EXAMPLES: Multi______ fungi
LIFE PROCESSES:
Movement:
____ move from place to place
Nutrition:
Cannot make their ___ food
Reproduction:
Reproduce by ______

KINGDOM: Fungi
EXAMPLES: MultiCELLAR fungi
LIFE PROCESSES:
Movement:
CANNOT move from place to place
Nutrition:
Cannot make their OWN food
Reproduction:
Reproduce by SPORES

12

Fun Activity 2.4
Fill in the blanks!
KINGDOM: Plantae
EXAMPLES: Multi_____ plants
LIFE PROCESSES:
Movement:
____ move from place to place
Nutrition:
Make their ___ food
Reproduction:
Reproduce by ____ or seeds that develop in the ____ parts of plants

KINGDOM: Plantae
EXAMPLES: MultiCELLAR plants
LIFE PROCESSES:
Movement:
CANNOT move from place to place
Nutrition:
Make their OWN food
Reproduction:
Reproduce by SPORES or seeds that develop in the FEMALE parts of plants

13

Fun Activity 2.4
Fill in the blanks!
KINGDOM: Animalia
EXAMPLES: Multi_____ animals
LIFE PROCESSES:
Movement:
____ move from place to place
Nutrition:
Cannot make their ___ food
Reproduction:
Females lay ____ or give birth to ___ young

KINGDOM: Animalia
EXAMPLES: MultiCELLAR animals
LIFE PROCESSES:
Movement:
CAN move from place to place
Nutrition:
Cannot make their OWN food
Reproduction:
Females lay EGGS or give birth to LIVE young

14

What subdivisions are the Kingdoms divided into?

Phyla (Singular = Phylum), then Classes, then Orders, then Families, then Genera (Singular = Genus), and finally Species.

15

How is a lion classified?

Kingdom = Animalia
Phylum = Chordata
Class = Mammalia
Order = Carnivora
Family = Felidae
Genus = Panthera
Species = Panthera Leo

NB! Genus and Species must be written in italics (slanted letters) or underlined.