Biological Approach Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Biological Approach > Flashcards

Flashcards in Biological Approach Deck (24):
0

Why is it a medical model?

Because mental disorder is regarded and treated like a physical illness

1

What are the four causes?

Genes, viral infection, neurotransmitters and inherited traits

2

Malfunctioning....

Bodily systems

3

It was invented as..

A form of social control

4

It isn't supported by...

Individual differences e.g. Many schizophrenics may have high levels of dopamine and others don't

5

No evidence of a?

100% concordance rate in mono zygotic twins

6

Experiments used to test the effect of

Drugs and therefore support the causal role of neurotransmitters

7

Correlation

E.g. Twins or family study's to produce concordance rates

8

Conventional antipsychotics used to

Combat the positive symptoms of schizophrenia, they work by blocking the action of dopamine to the brain

9

Anti depressants increase...

The availability of dopamine e.g. Blocking its re absorbtion (ssri's)

10

Effective

Better than placebos

11

It's relatively

Easy to use

12

Best in conjunction with

Psychotherapy

13

Placebos

Are just as effective e.g. Kirsch et al

14

Tackles

The symptom not the problem

15

ECT- used for

Sever depression, a last resort, to reduce the chance of suicide

16

Name to stages of ECT

The patient is given muscle relaxant as well as oxygen, when they are unconscious they are given a 0.6 amp shock to give them a seizure that lasts 1/2 a second

17

How many treatments are needed

3 - 15

18

It can be

Unilateral or bilateral

19

What percentage of patients recover

60-70%

20

How many are claimed to relapse?

84% in 6 months

21

Some patients recover with...

Sham ECT's

22

What are the side effects?

Memory loss and increased levels of fear and anxiety

23

What percentage of patients were not properly informed?

50%