Biology: Unit Test Flashcards Preview

Grade 10 - SNC2D > Biology: Unit Test > Flashcards

Flashcards in Biology: Unit Test Deck (42):
1

What is the relationship between tissues and organs? A) tissues are composed of cells, while organs do not contain cells B) organs contain cells, while tissues do not contain cells C) tissues are composed of several kinds of organs D) organs are composed of several kinds of tissues

D

2

Cytokenesis is the stage during which ______. A) the cell's cytoplasm divides B) the cell grows C) the cell's nucleus divides into two new nuclei D) the cell's DNA is replicated

A

3

Which of the following is an advantage of multicellular organisms over single-celled organisms? A) Abnormal functioning of one cell will affect the whole organism. B) Single-celled organisms perform many specialized tasks very well. C) Specialized cells are less efficient in performing their tasks. D) Groups of cells become specialized into tissues, working together to allow more diverse processes to occur.

D

4

Which of the following is a type of animal tissue? A) epithelial tissue B) epidermal tissue C) meristematic tissue D) ground tissue

A

5

What type of tissue is in blood? A) epithelial tissue B) nervous tissue C) connective tissue D) muscle tissue

C

6

Which process produces carbohydrates in the leaves, which are then used for the growth of the plant? A) transpiration B) respiration C) photosynthesis D) phototropism

C

7

Stomata are tiny holes found on the underside of leaves. What tissue are stomata found in, and what is the function of a stomate? A) Stomata are found in the vascular tissue of the leaf, and they form long tubes that allow water to flow throughout the plant. B) Stomata are found in the epidermal tissue of the leaf, and they allow gases to flow in and out of the plant. C) Stomata are found in the ground tissue of the leaf, and it is here that photosynthesis occurs. D) Stomata are found in the meristematic tissue of the leaf, and they reproduce rapidly to allow growth in the search for water and nutrients in the soil.

B

8

What are the powerhouses of the cell? A) chloroplasts B) nuclei C) ribosomes D) mitochondria

D

9

Inhaled air first enters the lungs by way of a(n) _____. A) bronchiole B) bronchus C) capillary D) alevolus

B

10

After its trip through the lungs, blood first enters the heart in _____. A) the left atrium B) the right atrium C) the right ventricle D) the left ventricle

A

11

The tube that connects the mouth to the stomach is the _____. A) trachea B) pancreas C) liver D) esophagus

D

12

The correct order of food passage through the digestive system is _____. A) esophagus, pancreas, small intestine, rectum, large intestine B) esophagus, stomach, pancreas, liver, small intestine C) esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus D) large intestine, small intestine, rectum, esophagus, anus

C

13

Messages are carried back and forth between the brain and every part of the body by _____. A) respiratory tissue B) the circulatory system C) nerve tissue D) digestive tissue

C

14

From the following list, the largest organ in the human body is the _____. A) liver B) skin C) heart D) pancreas

B

15

What is the function of the excretory system? A) removal of indigestible feces only B) filtering waste products from the blood C) liberation of energy from food D) dissolving of insoluble foods

B

16

Consider a cell that has just completed interphase and is about to undergo mitosis. In what order will the cell go through the phases listed below? I: telophase II: prophase III: anaphase IV: metaphase A) II, IV, III, I B) II, I, III, IV C) III, IV, I, II D) I, III, IV, II

A

17

Which organ system do the kidneys belong to?

Excretory System

18

Which organ system does the stomach belong to?

Digestive System

19

Which organ system does the pancreas belong to?

Digestive System or Endocrine System

20

Which organ system do the lungs belong to?

Respiratory System

21

Which organ system does the spinal cord belong to?

Nervous System

22

Which organ system does the heart belong to?

Circulatory System

23

What is the function of the endoplasmic reticulum?

The ER is a series of tubes that deliver materials to the other organelles

24

What is the function of the lysosomes?

Lysosomes are the cleaners of the cell. They have enzymes to break down invading bacteria.

25

What is the function of the ribosomes?

Ribosomes are located on some ER and produce protein.

26

List two differences between the structure of animal and plant cells.

Two structural differences of animal and plant cells are that plant cells have a cell wall surrounding the cell membrane while animal cells do not and plant cells have a much larger, central vacuole while animal cells have smaller vacuoles.

27

Cigarette smoke is a carcinogen. This means that cigarette smoke can cause cells to mutate when it comes into contact with them. Describe two differences in cell division between a normal cell and a cell which has a cancer causing mutation.

Two differences between cell division in a normal cell and cancer cell is that cancer cells divide much more rapidly than normal cells and can't undergo apoptosis (self-destruct).

28

Describe the "main event" for anaphase.

The mitotic spindle rips apart the sister chromatids from the centromeres and the chromatids move further apart to prepare for telophase.

29

Describe the "main event" for metaphase.

The sister chromatids line up at the center between the centrioles.

30

Explain the function of the bronchioles.

Bronchioles are passages for air in the lungs that connect the bronchus to the alveoli.

31

Explain the function of the diaphragm.

The diaphragm is the large muscle under that lungs that contracts and expands so the lungs can draw in and push out air.

32

Give an example of two organ systems that interact and explain how they work together.

Many answers. Two organ systems that work together are the respiratory system and the circulatory system. The respiratory system draws in oxygen to supply the circulatory system, which then gives the respiratory system carbon dioxide to expel from the body.

33

Select one type of medical imaging technology and describe its use in medical imaging.

Many answers. Ultrasound: -it is a imaging technology that sends sound waves through the body and reads the reflected waves to produce an image. -commonly used to get fetus images

34

What does A represent in the picture below?

Golgi Apparatus

35

What does B represent in the picture below?

Nucleolus

36

What does C represent in the picture below?

Central Vacuole

37

What does G represent in the picture below?

Fine Adjustment Knob

38

What does H represent in the picture below?

Objective Lenses

39

What does I represent in the picture below?

Sepal

40

What does J represent in the picture below?

Anther

41

What does K represent in the picture below?

Right Atrium

42

What does L represent in the picture below?

Aorta