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Flashcards in BIRDS Deck (45)
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1

The_________is the area with feathers and the ___________is where feathers are absent .

Pterylae
Apteria

2

Which bone supports the wing structure and is larger in birds?

The ulna

3

The birds neck is very flexible because?

They only have one occipital condyle joint instead of two. They also have a neck which is 2.5 X longer than mammals.

4

This structure is large and supports the organs and movement of respiration due to the absence of a diapraghm ?

Keel/Sternum

5

The movement of these two things aid in respiration due to lack of a diaphragm ?

Sternum and Ribs

6

When examining a birds feathers or performing venipuncture which way should the feathers be spread?

Spread the feathers sideways- (left and right )NOT up and down

7

Four places where venipuncture can be done?

Ulnar Vein, Medial Metatarsal, tarsometatarusus and jugular

8

places where IO access is available

ulna, tibiotarsus

9

Place where SQ fluid administration can be done?

Femur

10

True or false: The keel connects to the coracoid but not the clavicle?

True

11

Body condition can be felt by ?

Palpating both sides of the keel

12

Which muscles are used in the downstroke when flying?

Pectorals- a big muscle is needed to overcome wind and gravity.

13

Which muscle is used for the upstroke in flying?

Small supra coracoidues

14

What is the purpose of the patagium?

It is an elastic tissue which gives more surface area fro flight and houses the major and minor ligaments

15

What is the total blood volume of a bird?

10%

16

What is the function of the crop?

It's a storage place and it does NOT produce gastric secretions

17

What is the glandular stomach in a bird?

Proventriculus

18

What is the muscular stomach of a bird?

Ventriculus

19

Can lymph nodes be palpated in a bird?

NO

20

The stomach is found on this side of the bird and the intestines on the other

Stomach left ,intestines right

21

The kidneys in a bird excrete this substance?

Uric acid

22

What is the maintenance dose of fluids for birds?

50ml/kg/day

23

Over how many days should a dehydration deficit be replaced in a bird?

3 days

24

What amount of blood can be safely taken from a bird?

1cc/100g

25

Name the 5 anterior air sacs and 4 posterior

Anterior: Cervical-2, Interclavicular-1 Anterior thoracic -2
Posterior: Posterior thoracic -2 Abdominal -2

26

Describe the respiratory cycle of a bird

Inspiration -Expansion of air sacs ->Air comes in goes to the posterior sacs and a little in the lungs
Expiration- contraction of air sac -o2 from caudal sacs to the lungs , non oxygenated o2 to the cranial air sac and out
GAS EXCHANGE OCCURS DURING INSPIRATION AND EXPIRATION

27

True or false: Birds have a high functional residual volume

False- birds have NO functional residual volume

28

If placing an air sac cannulation due to obstruction of the trachea it should be placed in the ________?

Caudal abdominal air sac

29

Predator birds eyes will be placed in this position?

Facing the front and Preys eyes will be lateral

30

If you see vessels while performing a fundic exam on a bird they are from the ________?

Choroid the retina is avascular