BOC Review Flashcards Preview

BOC Prep > BOC Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in BOC Review Deck (207)
Loading flashcards...
1

Pes Planus

Flat Footed

2

Pes Cavus

High Arched

3

Genu Valgus

Knees in

4

Genu Varus

Knees out (Bowlegged)

5

Coxa Valga

Deformity of the hip where the angle formed between the head and neck of the femur and its shafts is increased, usually above 135 degrees. It is caused by a slipped epiphysis of the femoral head.

6

Coxa Vara

A deformity of the hip, where the angle between the head and the shaft of the femur is reduced to less than 120 degrees. Commonly caused by injury, such as a fracture.

7

McBurney's Point

A name given to the point over the right side of the abdomen. This point roughly corresponds to the most common location of the base of the appendix. Appedicitis.

8

Kerr's Point

Referred pain in the left shoulder. Ruptured spleen.

9

Erb's Point

TOS above the clavicle.

10

Mallet Finger

Injury to the extensor tendon of the DIP. Pt is unable to extend DIP. The distal phalanx stays in flexion.

11

Boutonniere Deformity

Injury to the extensor hood of the finger. Pt is unable to extend the IP joint of the finger.
DIP - Extension
PIP- Flexion
MCP - Extension

12

Swan Neck Deformity

Stretching of the volar plate causing hyperextenion.
Flexion of the DIP, Hyperextension of the PIP

13

Dupuytren's Contracture

AKA palmar fibromatosis or morbus Dupuytren.
A flexion contracture of the hand due to a palmar fibromatosis, and pt cannot fully extend. Usually in 4th and 5th digits.

14

Trigger Finger

A common disorder characterized by catching, snapping or locking of the involved finger flexor tendon associated with dysfuncition and pain.
AKA stenosing tenosynovitis.

15

Normal Leukocyte Count per cu mm

4000 to 10000/cu mm

16

Spondylolisthesis

When the vertebrae slips forward (anteriorly) over the bone below it.

17

Spondylolysis

Fx in the pars interarticularis.

18

Spondylosis

Degenerative osteoarthritis of the vertebrae or neural foramina.

19

Osetoarthritis

A type of arthritis, aka degenerative joint disease. Results from the breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone.

20

Rhuematoid Arthritis

An type of arthritis that is actually an auto-immune disease.

21

Cyanosis

Blue of purple coloration of the skin, having low oxygen saturation.

22

Levator Palpebrae superioris

Superioris - elevates the eyelid
Inferioris - Depresses the eyelid

23

Orbicularis Oculi

Closes the eye

24

Bankhart lesion

A lesion to the anterior capsule of the shoulder with an associated tear of the glenoid labrum.
Usually the result of a dislocation, and is accompanied by an Hill-Sachs Lesion.

25

Hill-Sachs Lesion

A cortical depression in the posteriolateral head of the humerus.
Resulting from a forceful impaction of the humeral head against the anterioinferior glenoid rim, when the shoulder dislocates anteriorly.

26

Aura

A sensation felt just before a seizure. AKA Pre-ictal.

27

Vaginitis

Inflammation of the vagina that can result in discharge, itching and pain. The cause is usually a change in the normal balance of vaginal bacteria or an infection.

Bacterial vaginitis - overgrowth of bacteria

Yeast infections - fungus called Candida albicans

Trichomoniasis - parasite transmitted by sex.

Vaginal Atrophy - results from reduced estrogen levels after menopause.

28

Osteoporosis

Bones become weak and brittle.
Risk factors include: Early menopause, high consumption of alcohol, cigs, and caffeine, sedentary lifestyle, and lack of folic acid in the diet.

29

Pinna

Also called the auricle, the visible part of the ear the resides outside of the head.

30

Bone Scan

Involves an injection of radioactive substance into a vein , which is absorbed by bone. Bone scans can then detect abnormal levels of uptake or hot spots in the bone. Useful for indicating stress fractures.