Flashcards in BOC Review Deck (207)
Knees out (Bowlegged)
Deformity of the hip where the angle formed between the head and neck of the femur and its shafts is increased, usually above 135 degrees. It is caused by a slipped epiphysis of the femoral head.
A deformity of the hip, where the angle between the head and the shaft of the femur is reduced to less than 120 degrees. Commonly caused by injury, such as a fracture.
A name given to the point over the right side of the abdomen. This point roughly corresponds to the most common location of the base of the appendix. Appedicitis.
Referred pain in the left shoulder. Ruptured spleen.
TOS above the clavicle.
Injury to the extensor tendon of the DIP. Pt is unable to extend DIP. The distal phalanx stays in flexion.
Injury to the extensor hood of the finger. Pt is unable to extend the IP joint of the finger.
DIP - Extension
MCP - Extension
Swan Neck Deformity
Stretching of the volar plate causing hyperextenion.
Flexion of the DIP, Hyperextension of the PIP
AKA palmar fibromatosis or morbus Dupuytren.
A flexion contracture of the hand due to a palmar fibromatosis, and pt cannot fully extend. Usually in 4th and 5th digits.
A common disorder characterized by catching, snapping or locking of the involved finger flexor tendon associated with dysfuncition and pain.
AKA stenosing tenosynovitis.
Normal Leukocyte Count per cu mm
4000 to 10000/cu mm
When the vertebrae slips forward (anteriorly) over the bone below it.
Fx in the pars interarticularis.
Degenerative osteoarthritis of the vertebrae or neural foramina.
A type of arthritis, aka degenerative joint disease. Results from the breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone.
An type of arthritis that is actually an auto-immune disease.
Blue of purple coloration of the skin, having low oxygen saturation.
Levator Palpebrae superioris
Superioris - elevates the eyelid
Inferioris - Depresses the eyelid
Closes the eye
A lesion to the anterior capsule of the shoulder with an associated tear of the glenoid labrum.
Usually the result of a dislocation, and is accompanied by an Hill-Sachs Lesion.
A cortical depression in the posteriolateral head of the humerus.
Resulting from a forceful impaction of the humeral head against the anterioinferior glenoid rim, when the shoulder dislocates anteriorly.
A sensation felt just before a seizure. AKA Pre-ictal.
Inflammation of the vagina that can result in discharge, itching and pain. The cause is usually a change in the normal balance of vaginal bacteria or an infection.
Bacterial vaginitis - overgrowth of bacteria
Yeast infections - fungus called Candida albicans
Trichomoniasis - parasite transmitted by sex.
Vaginal Atrophy - results from reduced estrogen levels after menopause.
Bones become weak and brittle.
Risk factors include: Early menopause, high consumption of alcohol, cigs, and caffeine, sedentary lifestyle, and lack of folic acid in the diet.
Also called the auricle, the visible part of the ear the resides outside of the head.