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Organization Of The Human Body > Body Directions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Body Directions Deck (16):
1

anatomic position

the subject is standing with face front, arms at the sides with palms facing forward and feet parallel

2

superior

a directional term meaning above; in higher position

3

inferior

directional term meaning below; lower

4

anterior

a directional term (also called ventral); located towards the belly surface or front of the body.

5

posterior

a directional term (also called dorsal); referring to locations nearer the back.

6

medial

a directional term meaning nearer to an imaginary place that passes through the midline of the body, dividing it into left and right portions.

7

lateral

a directional term meaning farther away from the midline, toward the side.

8

planes of division

anatomists divides the body along three planes, each of which is a cut through the body in a different direction

9

frontal plane

an imaginary cut that is made in line with the ears and then down the middle of the body; also called "coronal plane"

10

sagittal plane

an imaginary cut of the body into two from front to back, separating it into right and left portions

11

midsagittal plane

an imaginary cut exactly down the midline of the body, separating it into equal right and left halves.

12

transverse plane

an imaginary cut made horizontally, across the other two planes, dividing the body into a superior and inferior parts; also called "horizontal plane".

13

tissue sections

the direction in which tissue is cut affects what is seen under the microscope.

14

cross-section

is a cut made perpendicular to the long axis of an organ

15

longitudinal section

is a cut made parallel to the long axis

16

oblique section

is a cut made at an angle