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1

"The Revised Penal Code."

Republic Act. No 3815

2

Time when Act takes effect

January 1, 1932

3

Acts and omissions punishable by law

felonies (delitos).

4

deceit

(dolo)

5

fault

(culpa)

6

when the act is performed with deliberate intent

deceit (dolo)

7

when the wrongful act results from imprudence, negligence, lack of foresight, or lack of skill

fault (culpa)

8

when all the elements necessary for its execution and accomplishment are present

consummated

9

when the offender performs all the acts of execution which would produce the felony as a consequence but which, nevertheless, do not produce it by reason of causes independent of the will of the perpetrator

frustrated

10

when the offender commences the commission of a felony directly or over acts, and does not perform all the acts of execution which should produce the felony by reason of some cause or accident other than this own spontaneous desistance

attempted

11

punishable only when they have been consummated, with the exception of those committed against person or property

Light felonies

12

punishable only in the cases in which the law specially provides a penalty therefor

Conspiracy and proposal

13

when two or more persons come to an agreement concerning the commission of a felony and decide to commit it

conspiracy

14

when the person who has decided to commit a felony proposes its execution to some other person or persons.

proposal

15

those to which the law attaches the capital punishment or penalties which in any of their periods are afflictive, in accordance with Art. 25 of this Code

Grave felonies

16

those which the law punishes with penalties which in their maximum period are correctional, in accordance with the Art. 25 of this Code

Less Grave Felonies

17

those infractions of law for the commission of which a penalty of arrest menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos or both; is provided

Light felonies

18

Do not incur any criminal liability

justifying circumstance

19

Anyone who acts in defense of his person or rights.
(First. Unlawful aggression.
Second. Reasonable necessity of the means employed to prevent or repel it.
Third. Lack of sufficient provocation on the part of the person defending himself.)
Any one who acts in defense of the person or rights of his spouse, ascendants, descendants, or legitimate, natural or adopted brothers or sisters, or his relatives by affinity in the same degrees and those consanguinity within the fourth civil degree
Anyone who acts in defense of the person or rights of a stranger
Any person who, in order to avoid an evil or injury.
Any person who acts in the fulfillment of a duty or in the lawful exercise of a right or office.
Any person who acts in obedience to an order issued by a superior for some lawful purpose.

Justifying circumstances