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AP Lab Practical 3 > Brain Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Brain Anatomy Deck (28)
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1

Function of Cerebrum

Higher brain function such as thought and action

2

Function of Frontal Lobe (4)

Reasoning,
Planning,
Parts of Speech,
Problem Solving

3

What Does the Diencephalon Consist Of? (3)

Thalamus,
Pineal Gland,
Hypothalamus,
+more

4

Function of Pineal Gland

Produces melatonin

5

Function of Thalamus (2)

Relay station for sensory information,
Regulates some emotion and memory

6

Function of Hypothalamus (3)

Regulating homeostasis,
Interprets hunger and thirst,
Regulates sleep, anger, aggression

7

Where Is The Pituitary Gland?

Hypothalamus

8

Function of Pituitary Gland

Produces hormones that control other glands

9

Function of Corpus Callosum (2)

Links the left and right hemispheres together,
Allows for the two sides of the brain to intercommunicate

10

Function of Cerebellum

Regulation and coordination of movement, posture, and balance

11

3 Types of Meninges

Dura mater,
Arachnoid mater,
Pia mater

12

Dura Mater

Most superficial layer of meninges

13

Arachnoid Mater

Middle layer of meninges

14

Pia mater

Most deep layer of meninges

15

What Does the Brainstem Consist Of?

Midbrain,
Pons,
Medulla Oblongata

16

Function of The Midbrain

Relay station for auditory and visual information

17

Function of The Pons (2)

Relays messages from the cortex and cerebellum,
Sleep/dreaming

18

Function of The Medulla Oblongata

Carries out and regulates life sustaining functions such as breathing, swallowing and heart rate

19

Gyri

'Bumps' on the brain

20

Precentral Gyrus

Anterior to central sulcus,
Controls voluntary movements of skeletal muscles

21

Postcentral Gyrus

Posterior to central sulcus,
Sensory receptive area for the sense of touch

22

Sulci

Depressions in the brain

23

Central Sulcus

Separates precentral and postcentral gyrus

24

Lateral Sulcus

Separates frontal and parietal from temporal

25

Longitudinal Fissure

Separates right and left hemispheres

26

Transverse Fissure

Separates cerebrum from cerebellum

27

Function of Brain Ventricles (2)

Pathway for CSF,
Protects brain from trauma

28

Super to Inferior Brain Ventricles

Lateral (2),
Third,
Fourth