Britain Transformed Key Terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Britain Transformed Key Terminology Deck (17)
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1

Post-War Boom

The phrase given to a positive change in part of Britain’s economy after WW1.

2

Suffrage

The right to vote.

3

Inter-war years

The years between 1919 and 1939.

4

(Political) Party Fortunes

“Party fortunes” is an analytical term when studying how successful a political party is at a given point in time.

5

The General Strike

A huge campaign of strikes by Trade Unions in 1926.

6

The Wall Street Crash

A huge collapse of the American banking system in 1929 that had knock on effects for the economies of Europe, including Britain’s.

7

National Government

This was a government that formed by the Labour and the Conservative Party together following severe economic problems in England in 1931. It stayed in place until after WW2.

8

"A Managed Economy"

When the government is very involved in allocating goods and determining prices.

9

Industrial Change

Change in the nature of what is produced and made by a country.

10

Total War

Total warfare is when all industry and civilian capabilities are used as part of a country’s war effort. World War Two was, for Britain, “Total War”

11

"Political Earthquake"

A phrase used to describe a massive political shock. For example, at the end of WW2, Winston Churchill’s Conservative Party was defeated in a General Election - this was a political earthquake.

12

Consensus Politics

Consensus Politics is when there are broad areas of agreement between political parties. On things like the importance of the government spending money on services for everyone, there was consensus in the post-war years between 1945 and 1979.

13

State Welfare Provision

This is the provision of public services by the state such as healthcare, education, unemployment benefits etc.

14

The Butler Act (1944)

A huge change in the education system; three types of school were created.

15

Austerity

Periods of “austerity” are periods of time where the government is trying to save money and spend less.

16

Keynesianism Economics

A form of looking at a country’s economy that suggests keeping taxes on people low, but the spending of government high. The idea is that this will then empower people to buy and spend. It seen as a particularly get countries out of periods of Depression.

17

Industrial Relations

Industrial relations are the working relationships that exist between workers and their managers/the government. Trade Unions are organisations that existed) to promote the interests of the ordinary workers and when arguments take place, it is said that “industrial relations are bad”.