Flashcards in British Empire Deck (20):
Definition of Empire
An absolute rule of various countries or regions by the reigning sovereign of a single country, that is achieved by invasion. This may influence the political, economic, ethnic, religious and other aspects of the colony to create a long-term effect.
British Empire Fact_4
Political and Religious Ethics
The sun never sets on Britain
The British Empire is spread on so many continents that the sun never sets on the Empire.
Llywelyn ap Gruffyd
The English King
Llewelyn refused to pay homage to Edward.
Welsh Rebellion- Llewelyn rebelled and killed. England colonises Wales.
Abundant and Fertile Land
Attracted English settlers
First step for settlers
Englishman settling into he borders.
Cleaning the ethnicity in Wales by wiping out the Welsh
Built in Caernarfon, Conwy, Harlech, Beaumaris and other major ports along the coast to symbolise English rule.
Walled towns and cities with only Englishmen. Trade took place within the castle walls.
The Statute of Rhuddlan
1284, formalised the incorporation of England and Wales.
Mary, Queen of Scots
Tried to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I to conquer England but got executed.
King James VI of Scotland or King James I of England
Queen Elizabeth I died childless in 1603 and named James as her successor.He now ruled both England and Scotland.
Henry II's arrival in Ireland in October 1171.
Rory O'Connor, the King of Connaught, had defeated Dermot MacMurrough, the King of Leicester, and he fled to Bristol to ask for help.
Henry II's successors
Unable to control Ireland
Henry VIII, proclaimed himself King of Ireland.
Methods of colonisation
Cromwell defeats Ireland
All Irish nobles to Connaught where there was infertile land.