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Flashcards in British Empire Deck (20):
1

Definition of Empire

An absolute rule of various countries or regions by the reigning sovereign of a single country, that is achieved by invasion. This may influence the political, economic, ethnic, religious and other aspects of the colony to create a long-term effect.

2

British Empire Fact_4

All continents
Political and Religious Ethics
Internationalism
Commonwealth

3

The sun never sets on Britain

The British Empire is spread on so many continents that the sun never sets on the Empire.

4

Welsh Prince

Llywelyn ap Gruffyd

5

The English King

Edward I

6

1274

Llewelyn refused to pay homage to Edward.

7

1282

Welsh Rebellion- Llewelyn rebelled and killed. England colonises Wales.

8

Abundant and Fertile Land

Attracted English settlers

9

First step for settlers

Englishman settling into he borders.

10

Ethnic cleansing

Cleaning the ethnicity in Wales by wiping out the Welsh

11

Castles

Built in Caernarfon, Conwy, Harlech, Beaumaris and other major ports along the coast to symbolise English rule.

12

Boroughs

Walled towns and cities with only Englishmen. Trade took place within the castle walls.

13

The Statute of Rhuddlan

1284, formalised the incorporation of England and Wales.

14

Mary, Queen of Scots

Tried to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I to conquer England but got executed.

15

King James VI of Scotland or King James I of England

Queen Elizabeth I died childless in 1603 and named James as her successor.He now ruled both England and Scotland.

16

Henry II's arrival in Ireland in October 1171.

Rory O'Connor, the King of Connaught, had defeated Dermot MacMurrough, the King of Leicester, and he fled to Bristol to ask for help.

17

Henry II's successors

Unable to control Ireland

18

1541

Henry VIII, proclaimed himself King of Ireland.

19

Methods of colonisation

Religious Prosecution
Castles
Dublin Castle
Cromwell defeats Ireland
All Irish nobles to Connaught where there was infertile land.

20

The old colonial system

Improvement in trade
Armed forces
New Imperialism