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Flashcards in BRS #1 Deck (319)
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1

causes of congenital microcephaly

TORCH
toxo
other- syphilis
rubella
CMV
herpes simplex

also in utero drugs and toxins and chromosomal abnormalities

2

causes of acquired microcephaly- born with normal head circumference

perinatal asphyxia
intraventricular hemorrhage
craniosynostosis
late prenatal and perinatal infections

3

iron deficiency anemia peaks between _____ and ____ months

9 and 15

4

a common cause of iron deficiency anemia

introduction of cow's milk before 9 months of age

5

most patients with elevated lead levels have sxs (T/F)

F

6

contraindications to circumcision

hypospadias, prematurity, bleeding diathesis

7

most common organism in nursing or bottle caries

strep mutans

8

oral vitamin D supplementation is recommended in patients exposed to minimal sunlight during _______

first year of life

9

infant walkers are helpful for developing gross motor (T/F)

F- these walkers have a risk of injury

10

ADHD is more common in ______ (girls/boys)
genetics play a large role (T/F)

boys
T

11

tx for ADHD

first line: stimulants
second line: clonidine, TCAs

12

ADHD and _________ may be genetically related

tourette's

13

childhood hearing loss is _____% genetic and ______% others

80% genetic- autosomal recessive
20% others

14

good prognostic factors for hearing loss

-inherited deafness > acquired deafness
-older age of onset (acquire language structure before deafness)
-earlier interventions/diagnosis

15

what to check for hearing loss

H&P
genetics eval if needed
Cr (Alport syndrome)
viral serologies (TORCH)

16

leading causes of blindness in children

-trachoma infection in developing nations- MCC blindness worldwide
-retinopathy of prematurity
-congenital cataracts

17

haptic perception

feeling someone's face to form a mental image of them (used by blind people)

18

define colic

crying that lasts > 3 hours/day and occurs > 3 days/week

19

colic occurs in __% of newborns

10%

20

time period of colic

begins 2-4 weeks
resolves by 3-4 months

21

nocturnal enuresis is more common in ____ (boys/girls)

boys

22

strong familial tendency for nocturnal primary enuresis is supported by a gene on chromosome ____

13

23

enuresis patient has large volumes of dilute urine... may be an issue with ____

vasopressin (diurnal variation)

24

labs to get for enuresis

UA/UCx, others as appropriate

25

tx for enuresis

behavioral training (alarm systems, rewards, etc)
DDAVP
imipramine (TCA)

26

day night reversal/random sleeping is normal during _______

first few weeks of life

27

sleeping through the night: sleeping more than ______ after midnight for a 4 week period

5 hours
50% of infants sleep through the night by 3 months

28

nightmares occur during _____ and night terrors occur during ______

nightmares: REM
night terrors: stage 4 non-REM

29

typical age range for temper tantrums

age 1-3

30

breath holding spells are involuntary, harmless, and always stop by themselves (T/F)

T