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Flashcards in Buzzwords Deck (68):
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Dilation of ventricular system with compensatory increase in CSF volume

Hydrocephalus ex vacuo

1

My lead to compression of branches aca

Subfalcine herniation

2

May compress CN III and posterior cerebral artery

Transtentorial herniation

3

Kernohan's notch

Transtentorial herniation

4

Duret hemorrhages

Transtentorial hernation

5

Failure of closure of posterior neuropore

Spina bifuda

6

Failure of closure of anterior neuropore

Anencephaly

7

Hypoplasia of cerebellar vermis

Dandy walker malformation

8

Arnold chiari malformation

Downward extension of cerebellar vernis

9

Syringomyelia

Formation of fluid filled cleftlike cavity in the inner portion of the chord

10

Thinning out of gyri due to cortical ischemia

Ulegyria

11

Mabrolizaiob of deep nuclei

Status marmoratus

12

Plaque jaune

Old traumatic lesions

13

Severance of middle meningeal artery usually due to

Fracture of pterio

14

Lucid intervals

Epidural hematoma

15

Tearing of bridging veins

Subdural hemorrhagr

16

Red neuron, pseudolaminar necrosis

Global cerebral ischemia

17

Lake like spaces

Lacunar infarcts

18

Vascular dementia, binswanger syndrome

Hypertensive vcd

19

Charcot bouchard microaneurysms

Intraparenchymal hemorrhage

20

Xanthochromia

Intracranial aneurysm

21

Heubner arteritis, gummas

Meningovascular neurosyphilis

22

Granular ependymitis

Paretic neurosyphilis

23

Charcot joints, lightning pains, argyll robertson pupil

Tabes dorsalis

24

Soap bubbles appearance

Cryptococcal meningitis

25

Spongiform transformation, status spongiosus, kuru plaques

Creutzfeld jakob disease

26

Neuritic senile plaques, hirano bodies, granulovacuolar degeneration

Alzheimer's

27

Knife edge appearance, pick bodies

Pick disaese

28

Lewy bodies

Parkinson

29

Atrophy of caudate nucleus

Huntington

30

Bunina bodies

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

31

Hemorrhage and necrosis of mamillary bodies

Wernicke

32

Pseudopalisading pattern

Glionlastoma

33

Rosenthal fibers

Pilocytic astrocytoma

34

Perineural satellitosis

Oligodendroglioma

35

Perivascular psuedorosettes

Ependymoma

36

Homer wright rosettes

Medulloblastoma

37

Desmoplasia

Medulloblastoma

38

Psammoma bodies

Meningioma

39

Verocay bodies

Antoni A

40

Shredded carrot apperance

Plexiform neurofibromas

41

Potata or tuber appearance, candle guttering

Tuberous sclerosis

42

Von hippel lindau disease

Hemangioblastoma

43

Penicilloyl polylysine test

Drug hypersensiivity

44

Anti MBP antibodies

MD

45

Mgmt for MS

Natalizumab

46

Anti TPO and antithyroglobulin antibodies

Hashimto thyroiditis

47

ANA, anti centromere, anti SCL70

Diffuse scledorma

48

Runner hose inflexibility

Scleroderna

49

Most common cause of scleroderma

Renal failure

50

Management for acute humoral rejection

B cell depleting agents

51

DNA, repair enzymes

Ataxia telangiectasia

52

Failure of phagolysosmal function

Chediak higashi

53

Decay accelerating factor

Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria

54

Burnt out lymph nodes

Late stage AIDS

55

Apple green colored bifringens

Amyloidosis

56

Tissue biopsy of amyloidosis

Abdominal fat aspirate

57

Where do you find amyloidosis

MM, chronic inflammation, chronic renal failure, alzheimer's and type 2 DM

58

Sago spleen, lardaceous spleen

Amyloidosis

59

Line of zahn

Antemortem thrombosis

60

Yellow "chicken fat" upper portion; dark red dependent portion

Postmortem thrombosis

61

Most common site for arterial thrombosis

Coronary artey

62

Libman sacks endocarditis (LSE)

SLE

63

Saddle embolus

Pulmonary artery bifuraction

64

DVT that presents as a pale painful leg with a dimished arterial pulse due to vasospasm

Phlegmadia alba dolens

65

DVT that presents a cyanotic, painful leg due to extensive thrombotic occlusion

Phlegmasia cerulea dolena

66

Associated with increased risk for arterial thromboembolsim

Anterior wall MI

67

Ischemic necrosis of femoral heads, tibia and humerus

Caisson disease