C1: Fundamental Ideas (1) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in C1: Fundamental Ideas (1) Deck (12):
1

Diffusion

The automatic mixing of liquids and gases as a result of the random motion of their particles

2

What sort of particles diffuse the quickest?

Small, light ones.

3

Does diffusion take place faster in a liquid or a gas?

Gas, move around faster, more chance of a collision.

4

Elements

Substances made up of only one type of atom.

5

Compound

A substance made out of two or more elements chemically bonded together.

6

Mixture

When substances are mixed together and intermingle but do not react.
A mixture is not a pure substance.

7

Atomic no.

No. of protons.
BOTTOM NUMBER

8

Atomic Mass no.

No. of protons plus neutrons.
TOP NUMBER

9

No. of Protons =

No. of electrons.

10

What does the number of electrons on the outer shell of an element tell us?

What group it is in, and how it reacts.

11

Why does the relative atomic mass only count protons and neutrons?

Because electrons weigh 1/2000 of what protons and neutrons weigh, so are generally discounted.

12

Isotopes

Atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutrons.