Flashcards in C1 - Products From Oil Deck (25)
How are smaller hydrocarbons made and why?
Large hydrocarbons are broken down by mixing them with steam and heating or passing the vapours over a hot catalyst. This is done because smaller hydrocarbons are more useful.
What reaction takes place in cracking?
What is the formula for alkenes?
What is an alkene?
An unsaturated hydrocarbon
What bonds do alkenes have that alkanes don't?
What test is used to distinguish an alkene from an alkane?
If bromine water turns colourless, the compound is an alkene.
What is a monomer?
Small molecules that are a product of crude oil.
What is a polymer?
A molecule made up of many monomers,
What is polymerisation?
The joining of monomers. The double bonds are broken and form bonds with other monomers to form polymers.
What are smart polymers?
Materials that can change their properties according to light, heat, etc.
Give three examples of how smart polymers can be used in medicine.
What are the problems with disposing of plastics?
-Piles of unsightly rubbish
-Take up landfill space
What is a biodegradable plastic?
The plastic can be decomposed by microbes.
How can polymers be made biodegradable?
Starch can be used in production.
Give an example of a biodegradable plastic.
PLA ( Poly(lactic acid))
Give two advantages of using biodegradable plastics.
-Crude oil can be preserved.
-There is less impact on the environment.
Give two disadvantages of using biodegradable plastics.
-Wildlife habitats could be destroyed to make farmland.
-The corn is used to make plastic rather than feed people.
What are the two main methods of making ethanol?
What is hydration in ethanol production?
Reacting steam with ethene with a catalyst.
What is the equation for producing ethanol by fermentation?
Sugar --yeast--> ethanol + carbon dioxide
What is the symbol equation for producing ethanol using sugar fermentation?
C6H12O6 ----> 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
What is the equation for producing ethanol using hydration?
Ethene + steam --catalyst--> ethanol
Give two advantages of producing ethanol by hydration.
-The process is continuous
-There is no waste product
Give two disadvantages of using fermentation to produce ethanol.
-The production is a batch process so takes a long time.
-The process releases carbon dioxide.