Flashcards in C11 - Wine and the Law Deck (46)
What is the primary concern of authorities in charge of food and beverage legislation?
To ensure that what is sold is safe and fit for human consumption
Give an example of an area of food safety which is particularly important in the area of wine
What is the issue if SO2 levels are not monitored?
High levels can be toxic
Name a safety measure taken pertaining to SO2
In most countries, the words 'contains sulphites' must appear on the label
Why is it unlikely that a winery will not need to write 'contains sulfites'?
Because fermentation produces an amount of sulfites anyway
What is the main responsibility of the entity that puts a product on sale when it comes to labelling?
That descriptions and claims made on packaging are accurate
What is the result on labelling legislation stemming from the necessity of accurate information
Label information needs to be clear and able to be checked
Which two aspects of label integrity are the most important?
Legally defined quality and style indications
Why are geographical indications a common feature on a wine label?
Because the area where grapes are grown can have a defining influence on the style and quality of the wine
Literally speaking, what is a GI?
A designated vineyard area within a country
Roughly how large are GIs?
They can cover an entire region (e.g. Bordeaux) or a single vineyard (e.g. La Romanee)
What is a major risk for wines that sell at a premium price?
Why is GI law relatively complicated?
Because when more than one country is involved in the making of the wine, more than one jurisdiction is at play
How are the complications of GI law managed uniformly?
A GI system has been created by the WTO which all major wine producing countries adhere to
Give an example of a wine-labelling situation which has been changed as a result of WTO GIs/agreements
Australians no longer use the term 'Chablis' (or any EU GIs) for any of their wines
List two important regulations enforced regarding WTO GIs
If a GI is stated on a label, then typically 85% of the liquid in the bottle will come from that GI (this is not a standard though)
There are significant variations between the way that GI legislation within the EU and outside of it
How are standards different for PDOs?
100% of grapes must come from the stated region for PDOs
How many quality categories are EU GIs split into? What are they?
Protected Designation of Origin (PDO)
Protected Geographical Indication (PGI)
Broadly speaking, what is the difference between PDOs and PGIs?
PDOs are smaller areas with more tightly defined regulations
What is the term most commonly used in place of PDO in France? What does it stand for?
Appellation d'origine controlee
What is the french term for PDO?
Appellation d'origine protegee
What is increasingly being used in France in place of Vin de Pays?
IGP (Indication géographique protegee)
What makes european GIs unique?
Local laws will typically also state what grape varieties can be grown and what grape-growing and winemaking techniques can be used
What is the theoretical result of european GIs combining with stringent local laws?
By identifying grape varieties and processes that were used create the region's best wines, the system can protect what is seen as the unique identity of local wines
What does the european GI system promote?
Quality and fraud prevention
How is the principle that european GI laws prevent fraud, further reinforced by PDO law?
PDO rules state that 100% of grapes must come from the stated GI
Give two reasons as to why many producers prefer to make wines in the PGI category as opposed to the PDO category
The PGI category allows the use of non-traditional varieties in the blend and rules governing production are less strict
Loosely describe PGI wines
They can range from wines of exceptional quality which simply fall outside of PDO boundaries, to inexpensive high-volume wines
What is a notable labelling difference between PGI wines and PDO wines?
PGI wines will usually state grape variety on the label