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Flashcards in CAE Exam Preparation Deck (1764)
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Wish/If Only + Past

When we want a present situation to be different


Wish + Would

To express a wish for sth to change in the present or future, usually to complain about sth. This structure cannot be used to refer to oneself. We cannot use "would" for an impossible change.


Wish/If only + Past Perfect

To express regret about a past situation.


Suppose/supposing, imagine, what if

Used to ask about about an imaginary situation in the present or future, and its possible consequences.


Walled (adj)

Surrounded by a wall. E.g.: White-walled conference centre.


Sumptuous (adj)

Luxurious and showing that you are rich


The rat race (n)

A way of life in modern society, in which people compete with each other for power and money.
E.g.: He decided to get out of the rat race, and went to work on a farm.


Hit it off (informal)

To like someone and become friendly immediately.
E.g.: We hit it off with the locals in no time.


Cottage (n)

A small house, usually in the countryside



A large, rectangular container with a lid.



Derelict buildings or places are not cared for and are in bad condition.


Take sth on

To accept a particular job or responsibility


Bed and breakfast

A room to sleep in for the night and a morning meal, or a private house or small hotel offering this.


Prolific (adj)

Producing a great number or amount of something


Potent (adj)

Very powerful, forceful, or effective. Potently (adv)


Bidder (n)

Sb who offers to pay a particular amount of money for sth.
E.g.: In an auction, goods or property are sold to the highest bidder (= the person who offers the most money).


Astounding (adj)

Very surprising or shocking. Astoundingly (adv)


Word-of-mouth (adj)

Given or done by people talking about sth or telling people about sth.


In short

Used before describing sth or sb in as few words and as directly as possible.


Expressions used for generalising

Generally speaking
All things considered
On the whole
By and large
As a rule
In the main


Turn out (v)

To happen in a particular way or to have a particular result, especially an unexpected one.
To be known or discovered finally and surprisingly.
If people turn out for an event, they go to be there or to watch.


Nose to tail

One closely behind the other.
E.g.: The cars were parked nose to tail down the street.


Put/set pen to paper

To start to write.


Hold sb/sth back

To stop sb or sth developing or doing as well as they should.
If you hold sb or sth back, you stop him, her, or it from coming or moving forward. E.g.: To be held up in traffic.


Miss out

To fail to use an opportunity to enjoy or get an advantage from sth.


Affair (n)

A situation or subject that is being dealt with or considered:
E.g.: She organizes her financial affairs very efficiently.
He's always meddling in (= trying to influence) other people's affairs.
What I do in my spare time is my affair (= only involves me).


Jogging (n)

The activity of running at a slow, regular speed, especially as a form of exercise. E.g.: He usually goes jogging for half an hour before breakfast.


Dash (v)

To go to somewhere quickly.


Keep tabs on sth/sb

To watch something or someone carefully.
E.g.: I like to keep tabs on my bank account so that I don't overdraw. To keep tab`s on your friends while you`re held up on traffic.


Bail sb out (v)

To pay money to a court so that someone can be released from prison until their trial.
(***It has a less formal meaning. E.g.: when my mobile bill came, my father bailed me out)