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Flashcards in CAE Exam Preparation Deck (1764)
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Blaze (n)

A large, strong fire:
Firefighters took two hours to control the blaze.


So-called (adj)

Used to show that you think a word that is used to describe someone or something is not suitable or not correct:
It was one of his so-called friends who supplied him with the drugs that killed him.

Used to introduce a new word or phrase that is not yet known by many people:
It isn't yet clear how dangerous these so-called "super-rats" are.


Distance learning (n)

A way of studying, especially for a degree, where you study mostly at home, receiving and sending off work by post or over the Internet.


Recall (v)

> To bring the memory of a past event into your mind, and often to give a description of what you remember:
The old man recalled the city as it had been before the war.
"As I recall," he said with some irritation, "you still owe me €150."
[+ (that)] He recalled (that) he had sent the letter over a month ago.
[+ question word] Can you recall what happened last night?
[+ -ing verb] She recalled seeing him outside the shop on the night of the robbery.

› To cause you to think of a particular event, situation, or style:
His paintings recall the style of Picasso.


In broad daylight

If a crime is committed in broad daylight, it happens during the day, when it could have been seen and prevented:
Thieves had broken into the house in broad daylight.


Threefold (adj)

› Three times as big or as much:
A threefold increase

› Having three parts:
A threefold classification

Threefold (adv)
By three times:
Prices have risen threefold.


Alongside (preposition, adverb)

Next to, or together with:
A car pulled up alongside (ours).
The new pill will be used alongside existing medicines.
Most of the staff refused to work alongside the new team.
The UK fought alongside France, Turkey, and Sardinia during the Crimean War.


Textile (n) /ˈtek.staɪl

A cloth made by hand or machine:
the textile industry


Foresight (n)

The ability to judge correctly what is going to happen in the future and plan your actions based on this knowledge:
She'd had the foresight to sell her apartment just before the housing market collapsed.


On the wane

Becoming less strong, powerful, popular, etc.:
There are signs that support for the party is on the wane.


Depletion (n)

A reduction in something:
the depletion of the ozone layer
Increased expenditure has caused a depletion in our capital/funds.


Hype (n)

A situation in which something is advertised and discussed in newspapers, on television, etc. a lot in order to attract everyone's interest:
media hype
There's been a lot of hype around/surrounding his latest film.
I've been put off reading the book by all the hype.


Entourage (n) /ˈɒn.tʊ.rɑːʒ/

The group of people who travel with and work for an important or famous person:
The star arrived in London with her usual entourage of dancers and backing singers.


Begrudge (v)

› To feel unhappy because someone has something that you think they do not deserve:
[+ two objects] I don't begrudge him his freedom.

› To feel unhappy about spending money on something or spending time doing something:
They begrudged every day they had to stay with their father.
[+ -ing verb] She begrudged paying so much for an ice cream cone.


Hats off to sb (OF)

Said to praise and thank someone for doing something helpful:
Hats off to Connie for finding such a splendid venue for a party!


Mod cons [pl. inf.]

The machines and devices, such as washing machines and fridges, that make the ordinary jobs in a home easier:
The kitchen is fully equipped with all mod cons including a dishwasher.


Spring to mind

To come quickly into your mind:
Say the word "Australia" and a vision of beaches and blue seas immediately springs to mind.


Newcomer (n)

Someone who has recently arrived in a place or recently become involved in an activity:
We're relative newcomers to the town.
The newcomer on the radio scene is a commercial station devoted to classical music.


Shortcoming (n)

A fault or a failure to reach a particular standard:
Whatever his shortcomings as a husband, he was a good father to his children.
Like any political system, it has its shortcomings.


Collocations and set phrases

Rapid advance in: collocation
Composition of a population
Attractive option: collocation
In the vicinity of: set phrase
To fit in with
To grow in popularity
To be deprived of
To become evident that
Readily accessible: collocation
A wide audience: collocation
To be provided with


Tie the knot

To get married (Inf)


Cut sb short

To stop someone from talking before they have finished what they were saying:
He started to explain, but she cut him short.


Ratty (adj)

Feeling annoyed:
She was a bit ratty with me this morning.


Lorry (n)

A truck noun:
An articulated lorry
A long-distance lorry driver


Lasting (adj)

continuing to exist for a long time or for ever:
Few observers believe that the treaty will bring a lasting peace to the region.
Did any of your teachers make a lasting impression on you?
The tablets make you feel better for a while but the effect isn't (long-)lasting.


Captivate (v)

To hold the attention of someone by being extremely interesting, exciting, pleasant, or attractive:
With her beauty and charm, she captivated film audiences everywhere.

Captivating (adj)
A captivating performance


Let sb down

To disappoint someone by failing to do what you agreed to do or were expected to do:
You will be there tomorrow - you won't let me down, will you?
When I was sent to prison, I really felt I had let my parents down.


Maternity leave (n)

A period in which a woman is legally allowed to be absent from work in the weeks before and after she gives birth


Box office (n)

A measure of how popular and financially successful a film or actor is:
Her last movie was a surprise box-office hit.


Rueful (adj)

Feeling sorry and wishing that something had not happened:
He turned away with a rueful laugh. Rueful grin
Ruefully (adv)