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Flashcards in Cahpter 17 Deck (30):
1

A healthy adult male has approximately __________ liters of blood.

5-6

2

A major plasma protein that maintains the blood osmotic pressure is __________.

albumin

3

Diapedesis refers to __________.

the movement of leukocytes from blood vessels into tissue spaces

4

Granulocytes do NOT include __________.

monocytes

5

Mature red blood cells in the circulating blood are filled with __________.

hemoglobin molecules

6

Pernicious anemia may result from __________.

the lack of vitamin B12 in the diet or a deficiency of the intrinsic factor needed to absorb B12

7

The final step in clot formation is __________.

fibrinogen → fibrin

8

The most numerous leukocyte is the __________.

neutrophil

9

The terms biconcave and anucleated apply to __________

red blood cells

10

Which leukocyte contains histamine in its granules?

basophils

11

Which of the following is a protective function of blood?

preventing infection

12

How long to platelets last ?

between 5 an 10 days

13

Which property do white blood cells have in common?

WBCs are nucleated and have a protective function.

14

Individuals with malaria have a better chance of surviving if they have which type of anemia?

sickle-cell anemia

15

Which of the following types of white blood cells kills parasitic worms, destroys antibody complexes, and inactivates some inflammatory chemicals of allergy?

eosinophils

16

Which of the following is a function of neutrophils?

phagocytize bacteria

17

Which of the following is a function of erythrocytes?

transport oxygen and carbon dioxide

18

Which of the following is a function of basophils?

release histamine during allergic reaction

19

Which of the following is a function of lymphocytes

destruction of virus-containing cells

20

The percentage of total volume used to determine the number of erythrocytes in a blood sample is referred to as the __________.

hematocrit

21

The buffy coat that appears after a sample of blood has been centrifuged contains __________.

WBCs

22

Which of the following factors has the greatest effect on making RBCs very efficient oxygen transporters?

They generate ATP by anaerobic mechanisms and do not consume any of the oxygen they carry.

23

Another term for reduced hemoglobin is __________.

deoxyhemoglobin

24

The process of actively metabolizing oxygen by neutrophils to produce bleach and hydrogen to kill bacteria is known as __________.

the respiratory burs

25

Which type of anemia results from the destruction or inhibition of the red marrow by drugs, chemicals, ionizing radiation, or viruses?

aplastic anemia

26

Which of the following substances is responsible for limiting a platelet plug to the immediate area of damage?

prostacyclin

27

Erythroblastosis fetalis is caused by __________.

an Rh incompatibility between an Rh-negative mother and her Rh-positive baby during pregnancy

28

Which of the following plasma expanders would be associated with the LEAST complications?

Ringer's solution

29

Eighty-five percent of Americans carry the __________ Rh agglutinogen on their RBCs.

D

30

Which antibodies would be found in the serum of a person with AB blood?

neither anti-A nor anti-B antibodies