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Flashcards in Canadian Nationalism Deck (20):
1

FLQ (Front de Liberation du Quebec)

Name of Quebec nationalist terrorist group

2

War Measures Act

Government policy brought in to deal with the FLQ Crisis (only time ever used outside of war)

3

Western Alienation

Many Western Canadians felt the federal government ignored and didn't value them.

4

Civic nation

A nation united by common values, rules and laws

5

Nationalism (Patriotism)

Love of country and an interest in its well-being. A sense of loyalty that may be expressed in various ways.

6

Nation-state

A country that has physical borders and a single government. May be based on ethnic nationalism or civic nationalism or a combination of the two.

7

Ethnic nationalism

Nationalism that is founded on shared ethnicity, culture, and language.

8

Equalization payments

Revenues from federal taxes that are paid by the Canadian government to less prosperous provinces to ensure that services are more or less equally available to all Canadians

9

Federalists

People who support a federal system of government. In Canada, people who oppose Quebec sovereignty and believe Quebec should remain a Canadian province.

10

Contending Loyalties

Loyalties that compete. People sometimes need to choose among various loyalties based on their commitment to those loyalties.

11

Multiculturalism

A belief or policy that embraces the idea of ethnic or cultural diversity and promotes a culturally pluralistic society.

12

Non-nationalist Loyalty

A loyalty that is not embedded in the idea of nation. People may be loyal to and identify with family, friends, a region, an idea, a collective or a group, a way of life, and a culture.

13

Pluralism

A belief or doctrine that a society should reflect an inclusive approach that encourages diversity.

14

Reasonable Accommodation

A legal and constitutional concept that requires Canadian public institutions to adapt to the religious and cultural practices of minorities as long as these practices do not violate constitutional rights and freedoms.

15

Segregation

The forced separation of racial groups. Often leads to persecution of segregated minority groups.

16

Sovereigntists

In Canada, people who support the idea of Quebec becoming an independent nation-state (separatists).

17

Sovereignty

The political authority to control one's own affairs.

18

Oka Crisis

When provincial, and then federal forces stepped in to deal with the Mohawk of Oka, Quebec over the expansion of a local golf course onto sacred Mohawk territory.

19

October Crisis

The period of the FLQ Crisis in which two politicians were kidnapped, one killed, and the War Measures Act declared by the federal government to deal with it.

20

Quebecois nationalism

The feelings that the Quebecois are their own nation with their own history, culture and language.